an agreement in which nations promise not to attack one another
lightning wars; swift, sudden military offensive, usually by combined air and land forces
Charles De Gaulle
This French general fled from France to London after Germany took over France. In London, he set up a government-in-exile committed to re-conquering France. He went on to organize the Free French military forces that battled the Nazis until France was liberated in 1944.
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
Battle of Britain
a series of battles between German and British air forces, fought over Britain in 1940-1941.
"Desert Fox"-May 1942; German and Italian armies were led by him and attacked British occupied Egypt and the Suez Canal for the second time; were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler.
A declaration of principles issued in August 1914 by British prime minister Winston Churchill and U.S. president Franklin Roosevelt, on which the Allied peace plan at the end of World War II was based.
Strategized attack on Pearl Harbor; understood the mentality of Americans, knew Americans didn't want to fight unless they were victims of surprise attack "I fear we have awakened a sleeping giant"
7:50-10:00 AM, December 7, 1941 - Surprise attack by the Japanese on the main U.S. Pacific Fleet harbored in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii destroyed 18 U.S. ships and 200 aircraft. American losses were 3000, Japanese losses less than 100. In response, the U.S. declared war on Japan and Germany, entering World War II.
Battle of Midway
a 1942 sea and air battle of World War II, in which American forces defeated Japanese forces in the central Pacific.