6: The World - Ch 13; New Directions for Eur.

16 terms by jenniferfreshcornfox Teacher

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Soc. Studies - pg.428 - Sec. 1 to 3

1. Renaissance

The time from about 1400 to 1600 in which Europeans entered an age of thought, learning, art, and science; a French word meaning "rebirth."

1. patron

A wealthy person who pays artists and writers to produce their work

1. perspective

a painting technique that shows the difference between things that are close and things that are far away

1. movable type

Letters and numbers made from individual pieces of metal that can be positioned to form rows of words

1. telescope

an instrument that can make faraway objects look close

1. gravity

the force that holds objects to the Earth and keeps the planets circling around the sun.

1. scientific method

a system of observing and experimenting to determine whether an idea should be accepted as true

2. Reconquista

a plan to make Spain all Catholic; also called the Reconquest

2. clergy

Ordained church officers

2. indulgence

a pardon for sins

2. heresy

the denial of the beliefs of a church

2. Protestant

Name of the churches that were formed as a result of protests against the Roman Catholic Church

2. Reformation

- a religious movement that began in sixteenth-century Europe as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church
- resulted in the founding of Protestantism

3. caravel

a type of ship that used either square or lateen sails to travel long distances

3. circumnavigation

a journey around the world by ship

3. Armada

a fleet of warships

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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