Humannities #6

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Who painted The Rocky Mountains, Lander's Peak, which represented the American wilderness as a primitive paradise, populated by "noble savages," a place of promise for those who saw it as the fulfillment of the "manifest destiny" concept of that historical period.

d. Albert Bierstadt

2. With which of the following nations was China involved in an "opium war"?

d. Britain

3. Who created the series of woodblock prints known as Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji, including the best-known print known as The Great Wave?

b. Katshushika Hokusai

4. The 19th century ideology which was used to justify Western imperialism in Asia and Africa was termed

a. social Darwinism

5. Which of the following is most closely associated with the H.M.S. Beagle?

a. Charles Darwin

6. Who depended on a pointillist style to paint A Sunday on La Grand Jatte, which depicts a crowd of Parisians enjoying an island in the Seine River?

d. Georges Seurat

7. Which of the following artists utilized a technique know as impasto to create Night Café?

c. Vincent van Gogh

8. The term used to describe the revolutionary approach to color in the paintings of van Gogh and Gauguin is

b. arbitrary color

9. Which of the following painters spent several years in Tahiti?

d. Paul Gauguin

10. The terrible passions of mankind" are best seen in the work of

c. van Gogh

11. Which Post-Impressionist artist explored the use of structural color and multiple perspective in repeated pictures of a famous mountain overlooking his studio in southern France.

d. Cezanne

12. Who painted Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, which became notorious "as an assault on the idea of painting as it had always been understood"?

d. Pablo Picasso

13. "Cubism was born out of collaboration." With whom did Pablo Picasso develop Cubism?

b. Georges Braque

14. Fragmentation and decomposition of form; ambiguous space; primitivism; geometric abstraction of form are all characteristics of what artistic movement?

c. Cubism

15. One of the greatest non-Western influences on art of the early 20th century was

d. African and Oceanic art

16. Who painted Houses at l'Estaque, which includes "spatial ambiguity and cube-like shapes"?

c. Georges Braque

17. Which of the following paintings is considered "something of a rebuttal" to Pablo Picasso's Demoiselles d'Avignon?

a. Dance II

18. Which of Der Blau Reiter artists created The Large Blue Horses?

c. Franz Marc

19. Who created Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, considered one of the great masterpieces of Futurist art?

b. Umberto Boccioni

20. Who composed the music for the ballet The Rite of Spring?

d. Igor Stravinsky

21. Which of the following musicians is most closely associated with Sprechstimme?

a. Arnold Schoenberg

22. Who wrote "Dulce et Decorum Est" and was killed in combat just a week before the armistice was signed in 1918?

d. Wilfred Owen

23. W. B. Yeats' "The Second Coming" is especially significant because it

...

24. Who wrote The Waste Land and includes the phrase "April is the cruelest month"?

c. T. S. Eliot

25. Found objects and materials were utilized to make "anti-art" statements in the iconoclastic art movement known as

...

26. Who of the following figures led the Bolsheviks, the most radical of Russian post-revolutionary groups?

c. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

27. Which of the following is most closely associated with The Battleship Potemkin, a film about a 1905 mutiny aboard a Russian naval vessel?

b. Sergei Eisenstein

28. The physician whose studies of the human unconscious resulted in the field of psychoanalysis and whose ideas have influenced the interpretation of art,
literature, and human behavior was

d. Sigmund Freud

29. With which of the following are the "collective unconscious" and "archetypes" most closely associated?

a. Carl Jung

30. With which of the following are the "id," the "ego," and the "superego" most closely associated?

b. Sigmund Freud

31. Nightmarish images which include insects, crutches, distorted human figures, and melting objects in an infinite landscape painted with great precision are characteristic of

b. Salvador Dalí

32. Who created Persistence of Memory?

b. Salvador Dalí

33. James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, and Marcel Proust were all writers identified with which literary style?

c. stream of consciousness

34. Which of the following led the forces that defeated the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War that continued from 1936 to 1939, and then ruled Spain in a totalitarian manner until 1975?

b. General Francisco Franco

35. The chapter's "Continuity and Change" section chronicles the Bauhaus influence in the United States. Which of the following designed the Seagram Building and other glass-walled skyscrapers in New York?

d. Mies van der Rohe

36. The painting GUERNICA which made a political statement to the world about
man's inhumanity to man was the work of

d. Pablo Picasso

37. Which of the following was closely involved with Christian existentialism?

a. Kierkegaard

38. The French philosopher who was the most prominent spokesman for atheistic existentialism and who authored existentialist literary works such as No Exit was

c. Sartres

39. Both Christian and atheistic existentialists agree that in order to give meaning to life and to achieve authenticity, that one must choose to

b. exercise responsible choice and act upon it

40. The writer who has produced memoirs and novels about the Holocaust and who stated "To remain silent and indifferent is the greatest sin of all" is

c. Elie Weisel

41. Which of the following artists is most closely associated with flower paintings that featured large-scale close-ups of petals, stamens, and pistils?

d. Georgia O'Keeffe

42. Whose style of creating art was altered significantly by the death of her son early in World War I, after which she preferred to work with the woodblock and lithograph?

a. Kâthe Kollwitz

43. The artist whose large murals are associated with Mexican Social Realism is

b. Diego Rivera

44. Who captured the portrait of Florence Owens Thompson and three of her children in a photograph entitled Migrant Mother?

d. Dorothea Lange

45. Among the following, who is most closely associated with Robie House and Fallingwater?

a. Frank Lloyd Wright

46. Which action painter created Number 27, seen by some as an attempt to "reveal, on canvas, the deepest areas of the unconscious"?

d. Jackson Pollock

47. Who painted Excavation, which allows various anatomical parts to float free of the body?

c. Willem de Kooning

48. Among the following, who is most closely associated with large-scale paintings that feature "monochromatic bands of hazy, semi-transparent color," as seen in Green on Blue?

b. Mark Rothko

49. Among the following, who is most closely associated with a method that involved diluting paint "almost to the consistency of watercolor and then pouring it onto unprimed cotton canvas to achieve giant stains of color that suggest landscape," as seen in The Bay?

b. Helen Frankenthaler

50. Among the following, who is most closely associated with mobiles, including Black, White, and Ten Red?

c. Alexander Calder

51. The innovative artist whose use of diverse materials such as a bed quilt, paint, toothpaste, and nail polish, combine in such a way as to suggest the element of chance in artmaking is

...

52. Which architect is associated with organic architecture and with the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York?

d. Frank Lloyd Wright

53. Which of the following artists is most closely associated with a series of paintings of Campbell's Soup cans?

b. Andy Warhol

54. Which of the following artists is most closely associated with Ben Day dots, which he used to create enlarged comic strips?

b. Roy Lichtenstein

55. The artist whose large scale painting employing references to billboard advertising images and military technology make an anti-war statement and a criticism of the American military complex is

...

56. In celebration of the Great Migration of 1915—1918, when hundreds of thousands of Southern blacks moved north, who created a series of sixty paintings related to the Great Migration?

...

57. Who wrote "Jazz Band in a Parisian Cabaret," one of many poems collected in Weary Blues and published in 1926?

d. Langston Hughes

58. Among the following, who was a trumpeter that formed two studio bands, The Hot Five and The Hot Seven, and recorded Hotter Than That, which features "scat"?

b. Louis Armstrong

59. Among the following, who enjoyed a five-year engagement at Harlem's Cotton Club and performed It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing) to introduce the term "swing" to jazz culture?

d. Duke Ellington

60. During the 1960s, which of the following U.S. cities was considered the center of the civil rights movement?

b. Birmingham, Alabama

61. Who wrote "Letter from Birmingham Jail"?

d. Martin Luther King, Jr.

62. Which feminist poet wrote "Her Kind," one of the poems in her first book of poetry To Bedlam and Part Way Back which examined establishing an identity outside of the traditional role of woman as defined by patriarchal culture?

b. Anne Sexton

63. Who is most closely associated with The Dinner Party, which consists of a "triangle-shaped table, set with 39 places, 13 on a side, each celebrating a woman who has made an important contribution to world history"?

c. Judy Chicago

64. The anonymous group of female artists who continue to engage in public activism on behalf of feminist issues are known as

...

65. Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty is identified with the

...

66. Who included a series of miniature abstract paintings within the squares of a grid overlaying a photograph to create Stanley?

d. Chuck Close

67. The female super-realist who projects her vanitas still-lifes directly onto the canvas and then airbrushes with vivid pure pigments is

...

68. Which artist created the Vietnam Veterans' Memorial in Washington D.C. while still a college student?

...

69. Who designed the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain?

a. Frank Gehry

70. Who is the author of "Child of the Americas", created by a North American of Hispanic descent, which reflects on the distinctive cultural mix in the United States,?

b. Aurora Levins Morales

71. Two primary concerns or aims of Earth Art are

...

72. Which pair of artists works in the conceptual/earth art movement, orchestrating very large-scale temporary artworks such as Canyon Curtain and The Umbrellas requiring hundreds of volunteers?

c. Christo and Jean-Claude

73. Identify the installation artist who uses a group of volunteers to assemble and arrange large quantities of identical objects and whose work refers to memory, the cycle of life, the environment, and labor intensive work.

...

74. Who designed a fountain using 21st C. technology in the form of two glass towers which project ever-changing images of random Chicagoans from whose mouths water flows onto a large expanse of polished black stone?

...

75. Most recent public art is designed to be

...

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