Special laboral dish containing a geltinous colloidal extract of a red alga used to nourish organism's growth.
Blood test that determines the percentage of each kind of leukocyte.
Decreased or less-than-normal amounts of urine secretion.
A drop of blood spread thinly on a slide fo rmicroscopic examination
Iron-containing protein of the red blood cells; serves to carry O2 from the lungs to the tissues and CO2 to the lungs.
Sugar in the urine
Examination of urine by the way of physical, chemical, or microscopic testing.
Microorganims or tissue cells taken from an area of the body for examination.
High blood sugar.
Low blood sugar.
Increased production and discharge of urine.
Blood in the urine.
Disintegration of red blood cells, causing cells to dissolve in a solution. Causes blood to become clear.
Blood test that counts the number of red blood cells (normally 4 to 6 million per cubic millimeter of blood).
To dye organisms to identify specific types of bacteria present in a specimen.
A substance thatprevents the blood from clotting.
Fasting Blood Sugar
Blood test that measures blood serum levels of glucose after a person has had nothing by mouth (PO) for a period of time.
A form of sugar found in the blood stream that is metabolized for E-.
Blood test that measures the percentage of erthrocytes per given unit of blood.
Special test strip containing chemical substances that react to the presence of certain substances in the urine or blood.
Substance that causes the body to produce antibodies. May be introduced into the body or formed within the body.
Physical observation of urine
Odor, color, amount, transparency, and specific gravity.
Chemical observation of urine
pH, protein, glucose, blood, bilirubin, ketones, acetones, urobilinogen.
Most accurate results for urinalysis
Fresh-warm urine, c/in 1 hour post collection.
Normal pH of urine
5.5 to 8.0
Presence of protein in can urine indicates...
Glycosuria can indicates...
Ketones & acetones in urine can indicate...
Diabetes, starvation, or dieting.
By-products of fat metabolism
Ketones & acetones
Hematuria can indicate...
Menstration, injury, infection, or kidney dz.
Bilirubin in urine can indicate...
Liver dz like hepatitis
By-product of hemoglobin breakdown
Urobilinogen in urine can indicate...
Heart, spleen, liver, or hemolytic dz.
Determines blood type
Presence of antigens on erythrocytes.
2 main antigens
A or B
4 main blood types
A, B, AB or O
O blood type has ___ antigen
Neither A nor B
B blood type has ___ antigen
Rh factor is named after the
Presence of D antigen
Determines + or - blood.
What must be performed for blood transfusions?
Blood type and antibody screen
Hemolytic Disease - newborn produces antibodies due to the mother being Rh - and the fetus being Rh +
Produced in the pancreas and responsible for moving glucse across cell membranes
S/S of diabetes mellitus
Always tired, frequent urination, wounds won't heal, always thirsty.
S/S of hypoglycemia
Mood changes, trembling, paleness, sweating, dizzness.
Normal fasting blood sugar
70 - 110 mg/dL of blood
Two types of microscopes
Magnifcation of eye pieces
How do you find total magnification?
Multiply the power of the eyepiece times the power of the objective used.
Small sterile disks containing different antibiotics are placed on the agar plate after the organism has been applied.
Organism grows up to the edge of a antibiotic disk in an agar plate.
Organism does not grow up to the edge of an antibiotic disk in an agar plate.
Organisms on slide retain the purple color of the gentian violet stain or crystal violet stain.
Organisms on slide retain the red color of the safranin solution.
Blood taken from a vien.
3 layers of HCT test in order from superior to inferior
Buffy coat (WBCs)
Normal HCT values for men/women
40 - 55%
35 - 45 %
Used to determine the O2 carrying capacity of bld.
Normal blood appearance
Most accurate way to test Hgb
Automated Photometer compares color post hemolysis of erthrocytes.
Normal Hgb values for men/women
13 - 18 g of Hgb per 100 mm of blood
12 - 16 g of Hgb per 100 mm of blood
Increase in ___ can diagnose infections
Sp. Gr. normal values
1.005 - 1.030
Weight of a substance compared to the weight of distilled water, in equal volumes.