5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Dred Scott v. Sandford
- Shelley v. Kraemer
- Gibbons v. Ogden
- Citizens United v. FEC
- U.S. v. Morrison
- a 1824--Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressional power over interstate commerce.
- b A United States Supreme Court decision which held that parts of the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 were unconstitutional because they exceeded congressional power under the Commerce Clause and under section 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.
- c The United States Supreme Court decided 7-2 against Scott, finding that neither he nor any other person of African ancestry could claim citizenship in the United States, and therefore Scott could not bring suit in federal court under diversity of citizenship rules.
- d a United States Supreme Court case which held that courts could not enforce racial covenants on real estate.
- e held that the First Amendment prohibited the government from restricting independent political expenditures by corporations and unions.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States that held that the Free Speech Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution protected students from being forced to salute the American flag and say the Pledge of Allegiance in school.
- State death penalties (as then applied) are arbitrary and violate equal protection of 14th Amendment.
- held that racial classifications, imposed by the federal government, must be analyzed under a standard of "strict scrutiny," the most stringent level of review which requires that racial classifications be narrowly tailored to further compelling governmental interests.
- 1969--Determined that a law that proscribes advocacy of violence for political reform is constitutional if applied to speech that is not directed toward producing imminent lawlessness and is not likely to produce such action is not constitutional.
- 1963 ruling that a defendant in a felony trial must be provided a lawyer free of charge if the defendant cannot afford one.
5 True/False Questions
Employment Division v. Smith → a United States Supreme Court case that ruled that state legislature districts had to be roughly equal in population.
Barron v Baltimore (1833) → The guarantee in the 5th Amendment that private property shall not be taken "for public use, without just compensation" is not applicable to state governments as well as the federal government.
City of Boerne v. Flores → Congress lacked the power to define religious freedom of the 1st amendment.
Reynolds v. Sims → a United States Supreme Court case that ruled that state legislature districts had to be roughly equal in population.
Schenck v. United States → 1919--Case involving limits on free speech. Established the "clear and present danger" principle.