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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Bakke v. Regents of the University of California
  2. Reynolds v. U.S.
  3. U.S. v. Lopez (1995)
  4. Adarand v. Pena
  5. Grutter v. Bollinger
  1. a held that racial classifications, imposed by the federal government, must be analyzed under a standard of "strict scrutiny," the most stringent level of review which requires that racial classifications be narrowly tailored to further compelling governmental interests.
  2. b a Supreme Court of the United States case that held that religious duty was not a suitable defense to a criminal indictment.
  3. c Gun Free School Zones Act exceeded Congress' authority to regulate interstate commerce.
  4. d 1978--Ambiguous ruling by a badly divided court that dealt with affirmative action programs that used race as a basis of selecting participants. The court general upheld affirmative action, but with a 4/4/1 split, it was a very weak decision.
  5. e a case in which the United States Supreme Court upheld the affirmative action admissions policy of the University of Michigan Law School.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. 1824--Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressional power over interstate commerce.
  2. NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.
  3. 1963 ruling that a defendant in a felony trial must be provided a lawyer free of charge if the defendant cannot afford one.
  4. 1954 case that overturned Separate but Equal standard of discrimination in education.
  5. Ordered House districts to be as near equal in population as possible (extension of Baker v. Carr to Congressional districts).

5 True/False Questions

  1. Buckley v. Valeo (1976)"One man, one vote." Ordered state legislative districts to be as near equal as possible in population; Warren Court's judicial activism.


  2. Brandenburg v. OhioBrief search under reasonable suspicion.


  3. Schenck v. United Statesheld that the First Amendment prohibited the government from restricting independent political expenditures by corporations and unions.


  4. Reynolds v. Simsa United States Supreme Court case that ruled that state legislature districts had to be roughly equal in population.


  5. NY Times v. U.S.a Supreme Court of the United States case that held that religious duty was not a suitable defense to a criminal indictment.


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