5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Bakke v. Regents of the University of California
- Reynolds v. U.S.
- U.S. v. Lopez (1995)
- Adarand v. Pena
- Grutter v. Bollinger
- a held that racial classifications, imposed by the federal government, must be analyzed under a standard of "strict scrutiny," the most stringent level of review which requires that racial classifications be narrowly tailored to further compelling governmental interests.
- b a Supreme Court of the United States case that held that religious duty was not a suitable defense to a criminal indictment.
- c Gun Free School Zones Act exceeded Congress' authority to regulate interstate commerce.
- d 1978--Ambiguous ruling by a badly divided court that dealt with affirmative action programs that used race as a basis of selecting participants. The court general upheld affirmative action, but with a 4/4/1 split, it was a very weak decision.
- e a case in which the United States Supreme Court upheld the affirmative action admissions policy of the University of Michigan Law School.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- 1824--Clarified the commerce clause and affirmed Congressional power over interstate commerce.
- NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.
- 1963 ruling that a defendant in a felony trial must be provided a lawyer free of charge if the defendant cannot afford one.
- 1954 case that overturned Separate but Equal standard of discrimination in education.
- Ordered House districts to be as near equal in population as possible (extension of Baker v. Carr to Congressional districts).
5 True/False Questions
Buckley v. Valeo (1976) → "One man, one vote." Ordered state legislative districts to be as near equal as possible in population; Warren Court's judicial activism.
Brandenburg v. Ohio → Brief search under reasonable suspicion.
Schenck v. United States → held that the First Amendment prohibited the government from restricting independent political expenditures by corporations and unions.
Reynolds v. Sims → a United States Supreme Court case that ruled that state legislature districts had to be roughly equal in population.
NY Times v. U.S. → a Supreme Court of the United States case that held that religious duty was not a suitable defense to a criminal indictment.