Capoeira was developed in maroon communities, like what we learned in what country?
Who brought carnaval to New World? Is it sacred or secular? What did celebration involve?
Portuguese; Sacred b/c pre-Lenten celebration; Parade including military bands & marching string and wind
Blacks & mulatos allowed to participate in carnaval after what historical event?
Samba schools have ___ (few or many) members & work all year long on ____.
Many; Carnaval (parade)
What type of instruments would you see in samba parade during carnaval? What is percussion section called?
Cavaquinho (ukulele), guitars, & percussion ensemble ( surdo, caixa, cuíca); Batería
What did it mean to Luisiana in documentary to participate in carnaval? What cultures are reflected & represented during carnaval?
National identity, pride, religious act; Afro-Brazilian & Portuguese
How did Samba become popular in U.S? (2 examples)
Carmen Miranda- "Tico-Tico" (1947, Ary Barroso); Disney's
Saludos Amigos (1942)- "Aquarela do Brasil"
How is bossa nova different than samba? Derived from which continent's song traditions? Similar to what guitar-based styles?
Cool, slow, romantic; European; Son
What socioeconomic/ racial demographic tended to be most involved in bossa nova? What do lyrics tend to be about? Why does lyrical context make sense given socio-economic demographic?
White, middle class; Romance; During 1950s-1960s(prosperous times)
What international genre were bossa nova musicians & composers influenced by? How did this come full circle in 1960s?
Jazz; Inﬂuenced U.S. jazz artists to create jazz samba
Tom (Antonio) Jobim (___, ___), João Gilberto
(___), Astrud Gilberto (___), Stan Getz (___)
Piano, composer; Guitar; Vocals; Sax