10th Grade Honors English Vocab

149 terms by sophiafg 

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The entire vocabulary words.

abdabs

nervous jittering

abject

utterly hopeless, miserable, wretched

abnegate

to refuse, refute, denay

absolution

forgiving a sin of wrong-doing

abstruse

difficult to comprehend, abstract

acerbic

sour, bitter, or acidic

acrimony

bitter or sharp in personality

adduce

to bring forward as evidence

aesthete

one who appreciates beauty, nature, and the arts

aglet

metal or plastice sheath

alacrity

cheerful readiness, or eagerness

ameliorate

to make better, to improve

amphigory

a nonsensical piece of writing

anachronism

something not in chronological order

anomaly

deviation from commmon type

bailiwick

area of knowledge; special domain

baleful

deadly

bavardage

prattle, chatter

beau geste

a gesture that looks good, but has little meaning

bel-esprit

witty or clever

bellwether

a leader

benighted

lacking enlightenment, or uninformed

bibelot

a small decorative trinket

biggin

perforated cap/cup

billet-doux

a love letter

bivouac

temporary military encampment

blandish

to convince using flattering words

blowsy

messy, unkempt, disheveled

bootless

useless, fruitless, no benefit

bumptious

overbearing or self-assured; obnoxious

cache

hidden treasure, or hiding place

cachinnate

to laugh out loud too hard

cadence

a balanced rhythmic flow or movement

cadre

group of people who train others

cajole

to coax or encourage repeatedly

calumny

a false statement designed to hurt someones reputation; slander

canorous

pleasant sounding or melodious

captious

critical or hard to please, find trivial faults

catharsis

the purging or release of emotions

celerity

speed or rapidity

chad

paper particles from poking paper holes

charlatan

person who claims skill or talent. which they do not have

chary

cautious, careful or weary

circumlocution

a roundabout way of saying something

circumscribe

to create limits or define boundaries

clanjamfry

a group of ordianry people; collective mob

clemency

mercy or forgivness and punishment is lifted

cosset

spoil or pamper

cozen

to trick or mislead

craven

someone in fear; characterized with fear/ or a coward

dactyl

finger, toe, digit

dearth

a scarce supply

deciduous

describes something that drops off after a period of time

declassé

low class in apperance, manner, taste

decorous

proper in behaviour

decry

to put down, belittle someone in speech or writing

defenestration

the act of throwing someone or something out of a window

dégagé

not emotionally involved; free or relaxed

demagogue

one who plays on the emotions of the population

demimondaine

a fallen woman

depredate

to plunder and pillage

deracinate

pull up by or as if by the roots

desultory

casually ranged

détente

a relaxation of tensions

detritus

debris, desintergration

diacritical

marked difference

dilatory

to delay, postpone, procrastinate

dilettante

dabbler in art

discreet

being careful, cautious, or secretive

disingenuous

not genuine

dissemble

to give false impression

dithyramb

wild, emotional, outpouring of speech, or writing

docent

a person who is a knowledgeable guide

draconian

severe, harsh, cruel, drastic

dulcet

pleasant, melodious

ectomorphic

skinny or lean

edacious

consuming, craving, or devouring

efficacious

efficient or effective

egregious

outstandingly bad

elephantine

lumbring, large, and clumsy

enervate

to take away energy, deplete

enigma

puzzling matter

ephemeral

something that lasts a short time

epigram

a witty remark that has wisdom

epiphany

a sudden realization of the meaning of an event

ergasiophobia

a fear of work, or stress associated

esprit de corps

a feeling of unification

exacerbate

to increase annoyance or irritation

expatiate

to expand upon something

fabulist

a liar, composer of fables

facetious

not serious

facinorous

describes a bad deed, wicked

fastuous

someone overbearingly snobby, pretentious

faux pas

social blunder

feral

animalistic

flout

to mock, show contempt

flubdub

poorly thought out arguement

flump

to drop with a heavy sound

foozle

to goof up something, manage clumsly

forte

strongest point

fortuitous

situation with great luck

fractious

irritable,whiny, quarrelsome

frisson

a shiver from thrill or fright

fulgent

very bright, shiny, radiant

gaffe

a social error, made by mistake

genre

a category, type, or class

germane

relevant or pertinent

genteel

refined or polite in manner

gerrymander

reorganization of electoral districts

gimmie caps

cheap baseball caps

glean

to gather or absorb information

googol

1 with 100 zeros, a big number

gossamer

a shear fabric

grammalogue

any sign/letter that signifies a word

gravitate

to be attracted to

gregarious

truly outgoing or friendly

griffin

mythical beast with a body of a lion, and head/wings of a eagle

grommet

metal reinforcement hole

gullible

easily deceived or tricked

halcyon

calm, tranquil, happy

harbinger

person or event that foreshadows arrival

havelock

the cloth covering for a cap, and the cloth covering your back

hedonist

one who is addicted to pleasurable things

hiatus

a break from routine

hirsute

hairy, shaggy, bristly

histrionic

overly dramatic, theatrical

hoary

grey-haired with age

homily

a moral lecture or sermon

hyperbole

intentionally exaggerated

hypocorism

baby-talk or pet names

heinous

vile or wicked

heresy

a crime that causes disbelief or unbelief

hapless

unfortunante

humility

humbleness, modesty, or weakness

iconography

pictorial or symbolic representation

ignoble

mean, of low character, lacking nobility

imminent

about to happen

implacable

someone not to easy to please, convince, or make happy

impunity

freedom from punishment

inchoate

not yet formed

ineffable

indescribable

infamous

fame is based on unsavory acts

ingenue

a naive young woman

ingenuous

naive and unworldly

iniquity

wickedness and injustice

innervate

to stimulate with nervous energy

inscrutable

mysterious or difficult to understand

irascible

easily annoyed

iterate

repeat over and over

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