BJU World History Chapter 21 Flashcards

74 terms by bfultz

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Flashcards for Chapter 21

Japan

this country entered the twentieth century a greatly transformed country after the Meiji Period

clique

an exclusive, elite group

China

Japan carried out her expansionist policy at the expense of _________

Sun Yat-sen

organizer of Nationalist party in China who led revolt against the Manchu Dynasty

Chiang Kaishek

took control of China after Sun Yat-sen's death; began to reunite China under a national government

Mao Zedong

led radical Communist forces against Kaishek's conservative forces

Manchuria

Japan seized this entire province of China in 1931

Italy

second major nation to successfully defy the League of Nations

Ethiopia

Mussolini's invaded this African country in 1935

sanctions

these forbade the sale of certain materials to Italy

Third Reich

Hitler began laying the foundation for this, a new Germa empire

lebensraum

Hitler wished to provide the German people with this, "living space"

Rhineland

fortifying this region was one task that remained before Hitler could actively begin building his empire

Rome-Berlin Axis (1936)

alliance between Germany and Italy

Anti-Comintern Pact

agreement between Germany and Japan, which was on the surface was against communist

(General Francisco) Franco

Fascist followers of ___________ revolted against Spain's republican government

Spain

this country experienced a civil war in which other nations took part in shaping the outcome

Austria

first area of Europe that Hitler sought to add to his Reich

Czechoslovakia

after Hitler gained Austria, he turned his attention to this country

Sudentenland

most of the Germans in Czechoslovakia lived in this region

(Neville) Chamberlain

primer minister of Great Britain, favored appeasement

(Edouard) Daladier

prime minister of France

Munich Conference

meeting of Britain, France, and Germany where Hitler was given the region of Sudenteland

appeasement

buying off an aggressor by territorial concession

(Winston) Churchill

British prime minister who filled British people with hope

Poland

Hitler's invasion of this country began World War I

Soviet Union

to increase their effectiveness against Hitler, Britain and France tried to reach a military agreement with the __ ____

Pact of Steel

while the Allies negotiated with the Soviet Union, Hitler signed this with Mussolini

Nazi-Soviet Pact

Hitler's non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union

September 1, 1939

on ___________ __ , ______ Hitler invaded Poland, beginning World War II

panzer

Germany's armored divisions

Luftwaffe

Germany's superior air force

blitzkrieg

German for lightning war, Germany used this strategy during battle

sitzkrieg

"sitting war", or "phony war"

Denmark

this country surrendered to Hitler after only a few hours of fighting

fifth columnists

Germany was greatly aided by these, individuals within a country who secretly aid enemy

(Vidkun) Quisling

Norwegian fifth columnist; his name is synonymous with traitor

Dunkirk

at this city, Allied soldiers escaped from the Germans over to Britain

(Marshal Henri) Petain

headed French government which surrendered to Germany

(Charles) de Gaulle

leader of Free French movement who continued to wage war against the Axis powers

Egypt

Mussolini tried to invade this African country but failed

(General Erwin) Rommel

brilliant German commander who arrived in North Africa with specially trained German forces; "Desert Fox"

amphibious

by land and by sea

spirit

the blunder of the Battle of Britain was Hitler's underestimation of the ________ of the British people

RAF (Royal Air Force)

Britain's air force

Lend-Lease Act (1941)

authorized president to provide military supplies to any country whose security was important to the USA

Atlantic Charter

signed by Churchill and FDR, set forth the "common principles" on which both countries were based on

Russia

Germany's Operation Barbarossa was an invasion of _________

(Hideko) Tojo

fanatical militarist who became virtual dictator of Japan

December 7, 1941

on ___________ __, _________ Japan attacked the US at Pearl Harbor

aircraft carriers

because the _______ _______ were out on maneuvers, the US fleet was not totally destroyed in Pearl Harbor

(General Bernard L.) Montgomery

British commander at the Battle of El Alamein who defeated the Germans

(General Dwight D.) Eisenhower

led an American invasion force that landed on Algeria; shortly after that, the Axis troops in Africa surrendered

Sicily

Eisenhower landed on this Italian island, forcing Mussolini to resign

partisans

fighters who harass an enemy occupying their territory

Casablanca

Churchill and FDR met here; declared only "unconditional surrender" of Axis would be acceptable

Big Three

Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin

summit

conference of high-level officials

Operation Overlord

after the Teheran conference, the US and Britain began planning an invasion of France, known as this

D-day

in military terminology, the day when an attack is to be launched; invasion of France

June 6, 1944

D-day was on ______ __, _______

(General George) MacArthur

American commander in the Far East; "I shall return".

Battle of Coral Sea (1942)

this battle prevented the Japanese from launching a full-scale invasion of Australia

Battle of Midway (1942)

after this battle, Japan was placed on the defensive for the rest of the war

island-hopping

American forces began an _______-______ campaign, recapturing strategic Japanese-held islands in the Pacific

banzai

American soldiers faced these charges while fighting the Japanese, named because of their battle cry

kamikazes

Japanese suicide pilots

Iwo Jima, Okinawa

in 1945, American troops captured __ ______ and ________, two strategic Japanese islands

Battle of the Bulge (1944)

this battle wasted much of Germany's remaining strength and probably hastened the end of the war in Europe

Yalta Conference

recognized Soviet control of Eastern Europe

(Harry) Truman

due to FDR's death, represented the US at the Potsdam Conference

(Clement) Atlee

British prime minister who replaced Churchill at the Potsdam Conference

Hiroshima

the US dropped its first atomic bomb on this Japanese city

Nagasaki

the US dropped its second atomic bomb on this Japanese city

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set