first form of color films
The projection speed for sound films was first standardized at...
What are 1.33:1, 1.85:1, 1.66:1 examples of?
What is not a standard width for film strips?
what are standard widths for film strips?
16 mm, 35mm, 70mm
what does the "aspect ratio" of a film refer to?
frame width to height
Who are Stan Brakhage and Maya Deren?
What genre is citizen kane not?
what does the newsreel sequence in Citizen Kane do?
provides the only presentation of the events in Kane's life in chronological order
What does the scene of the cavalry rescue in John Ford's Stagecoach do?
demonstrates how sound can call our attention to events happening offscreen
What is a genre's iconography consist of?
visual elements that combine to form a system that helps create meaning
what is an anamorphic process?
captures a widescreen picture on standard 35mm so it becomes smushed
when is an element nondiegetic?
if it came from a source outside the story world
What genre is John Ford's The Searchers?
what does a direct-cinema documentary do?
record on-going events as it happens with minimum interference by filmmaker
What is Les Blank's Gap-Toothed Women?
a documentary exploring social notions of feminine beauty
What does the "dance" in Leger and Murphy's Ballet mecanique consist of?
a rhythmic juxtaposition of various ordinary objects and people
The two most basic types of light in a scene are the key and rim.
what are the two most basic types of light in a scene?
key and fill
Animated films, like live-action films, have mise-en-scene
films shot in the studio have mise-en-scene, while films make entirely on location do not
slow motion is achieved by slowing down the rate of filming.
wide-angle lenses are also referred to as "telephoto" lenses
a "long take" is a shot taken with the camera at a considerable distance from the main subject of the shot
the term "auteur" was originally created to refer to Hollywood directors who were thought to have a distinctive approach to filmmaking while working within the Hollywood studio system
a film's musical track is typically composed during the preproduction phase
narrative form can be used in documentary films
in a narrative film, plot duration is always equal to story duration
film editing may be thought of as the coordination of one shot with the next
in editing, rhythm depends on the patterning of shot lengths
filmmakers try to create "pure" films that avoid mixing the conventions of more than one genre
Les Blank's Gap Toothed Women adopts a playful tone to make a serious point about society's standards of beauty
a documentary film is defined by the fact that none of the action has been staged
fact-based films like Apollo 13, Schindler's List, and Malcolm X deal with real events and are considered documentaries
experimental films always avoid telling stories
chuck jone's Duck Amuch uses narrative in almost experimental way to explore the techniques of cel animation
what is depth of field?
the range of distances from the lens in which objects filmed will be in focus
how are objects on the screen in a canted camera position?
what are terms for camera distance based on?
the size of the figures relative to the frame
what are some standard terms for types of mobile framing?
tilt, crane, pan
a low-contrast image displays a wide range of grays
wide-angle lenses are also referred to as telephoto lenses
what is not considered part of a shot's mise-en-scene? A) actors' movements B)camera's angle on the action C) objects visible in the distance D) the shadows
B) camera's angle on the action
what is the system of lighting widely used in classical hollywood filmmaking
what is "frontality" of staging?
a character is facing toward the camera
animated films, like live-action films, have mise-en-scene
unplanned events that are filmed by accident are not part of the mise-en-scene of a shot
films shot in the studio have mise-en-scene, while films made entirely on location do not
"fill" light is used to create deep shadows
according to Film Art, realism is the most useful standard for evaluating actors' performances
what are types of transition from one shot to another?
dissolve, wipe, fade
what is cross-cutting?
alternates between simultaneous shots in two (or more) separate spaces
what does temporal ellipsis in editing do?
eliminates part of the action
what does overlapping editing do?
expands the scene by showing more than one view of the same action
what is continuity editing?
a system for keeping the spatial and temporal relations of a scene clear
what is the 180-degree system designed to do?
ensure consistent screen direction across cuts
an establishing shot is a close view that reveals a significant detail in the scene
what are the three major perceptual properties of film sound?
loudness, pitch, timbre
what does a dialogue overlap mean?
continuing a line of dialogue over cuts during shot/reverse shot
what does fidelity refer to in film sound?
whether the type of sound heard seems appropriate to its source in the film
where does diegetic sound not come from?
outside the world of the narrative
what is a sound bridge?
overlapping the sound of one scene to the next
what is pitch
the perceived highness or lowness of the sound
diegetic sound is defined as sound that comes from an onscreen source
sound effects are the most common kind of non-diegetic sound