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Abraham Maslow's Heirarchy of Needs

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Five classes of needs; Higher-order needs are dependent upon lower-order needs (they are addative)

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

a method of classifying human needs and motivations into five categories in ascending order of importance: physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

A theory that arranges human needs in order of their priority with
lower-level needs being met before higher needs can be recognized and fulfilled

Physiological Needs

the most basic human needs to be satisfied- water, food, shelter, and clothing

Physiological Needs

those relating to the basic biological necessities of life: food, drink, rest and shelter

Physiological Needs

the first (lowest) level of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Physiological Needs

achieve homeostasis; need food, water, air, etc.

Physiological Needs

deficiency needs

Physiological Needs

'd' needs

Safety Needs

A basic need for the sense of security

Safety Needs

needs concerned with protection and physical well-being

Safety Needs

Security, Protection

Safety Needs

Safety and Security. protection, stability, pain avoidance, routine/order

Love/Belonging Needs

needs are for giving and receving of affection, companionship, satisfactory interpersonal relationships, and identification with a group

Love/Belonging Needs

level three of heirarchy; , friendship, intimacy, sex, family or social community group

Love/Belonging Needs

Include the understanding and acceptance of others in both giving and receiving love, and the feeling of belonging to families, peers, friends, a neighborhood and a community

Love/Belonging Needs

hierarchy of needs; includes love, sex, friends, family, social group

Esteem Needs

need for self-esteem, achievement, competence, and independence; need for recognition and respect from others

Esteem Needs

Fourth cluster of needs in the hierarchy of needs. Included are the needs for status, prestige, competence, and confidence.

Esteem Needs

Maslow's 4th priority. Title, status, prestige, recognition, power

Love/Belonging Needs

Maslow's 3rd priority

Love/Belonging Needs

Middle layer of Maslow's pyramid

Self-actualization

according to Maslow, the ultimate psychological need that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the motivation to fulfill one's potential

Self-actualization

5th order needs

Self-actualization

Top of Maslow's hierarchy of needs

Self-actualization

The process of understanding oneself more completely and being aware of issues affecting one's life.

Self-actualization

In humanistic theory, the final level of psychological development, in which one strives to realize one's uniquely human potential-to achieve everything one is capable of achieving

exemplary people

Maslow studied what he called ____________ such as Albert Einstein, Eleanor Roosevelt, etc. rather than mentally ill people, writing that "the study of crippled, stunted, immature, and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy."

Abraham Maslow

person; humanistic psychology; hierarchy of needs-needs at a lower level dominate an individual's motivation as long as they are unsatisfied; self-actualization, transcendence

Abraham Maslow

Humanistic psychologist known for his "Hierarchy of Needs" and the concept of "self-actualization"

Abraham Maslow

(1908-1970) humanistic psychologist who proposed the hierarchy of needs, with self-actualization as the ultimate psychological need

Abraham Maslow

Unconditional positive regard is to Carl Rogers as self-actualization is to _____.

Abraham Maslow

Turned from his Behaviorist root to begin the formation of the third major force in psychology, the Humanistic Perspective

Abraham Maslow

 Founded humanistic psychology
 Created Maslow's hierarchy of needs
 Hierarchy of needs: physiological, safety, loving/belonging, esteem, self-actualization

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