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1980s-1990s

Ronald Reagan

1981-1989,"Great Communicator" Republican, conservative economic policies, replaced liberal Democrats in upper house with consevative Democrats or "boll weevils" , at reelection time, jesse jackson first black presdiential candidate, Geraldine Ferraro as VP running mate (first woman)

Reaganomics

The federal economic polices of the Reagan administration, elected in 1981. These policies combined a monetarist fiscal policy, supply-side tax cuts, and domestic budget cutting. Their goal was to reduce the size of the federal government and stimulate economic growth.

Evil Empire

Reagan's nickname for the Soviet Union, illustrated an end to detente

Strategic Defense Initiative

Reagan's proposed Strategic Defense Initiative (1983), also known as "Star Wars," called for a land- or space-based shield against a nuclear attack. Although SDI was criticized as unfeasible and in violation of the Antiballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, Congress approved billions of dollars for development.

Grenada

Another of Reagans operations in latin America, that focused on removing a regime the president did not agree with. U.S. invaded Grenada and replaced government with a pro-American one.

Geraldine Ferraro

In 1984 she was the first woman to appear on a major-party presidential ticket. She was a congresswoman running for Vice President with Walter Modale.

Mikhail Gorbachev

Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)

Iran-Contra Affair

(RR) Americans kidnapped in Beirut by Iranian govt, so deal, scandal including arms sales to the Middle East in order to send money to help the Contras in Nicaragua even though Congress had objected, Poindexter and North involved

Sandra Day O'Connor

She was a laywer and later Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. She was the first woman to be a justice on the Supreme Court.

George H.W. Bush

Republican (1989-1993) Beat Dukakis is 1988. President During Operation Desert Storm. "Read my lips, no new taxes." Went against his no-taxes promise. Economy hurt him while running for reelection in 1992.

Manuel Noriega

Panama leader who was overthrown in a 1989 US invasion; Tried and imprisoned for drug trafficking

Desert Storm

The code name used by the United States and its coalition partners in waging war against Iraq in early 1991 to liberate Kuwait.

Saddam Hussein

Was a dictator in Iraq who tried to take over Iran and Kuwait violently in order to gain the land and the resources. He also refused to let the UN into Iraq in order to check if the country was secretly holding weapons of mass destruction.

Bill Clinton

42nd President advocated economic and healthcare reform; second president to be impeached

Ross Perot

This billionaire was a third-party candidate in the 1992 presidential election won 19 percent of the popular vote. His strong showing that year demonstrated voter disaffection with the two major parties.

NAFTA

A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.

Bosnia

political chaos occurred between Serbs, Croats, and Bosnian Muslims after its independence; the 1995 Dayton Accords established some type of stability

George W. Bush

43rd president of the US who began a campaign toward energy self-sufficiency and against terrorism in 2001

Election of 2000

Bush v. Gore; Bush won although Gore won popular vote; controversy over the final vote count in Florida; settled by Supreme Court decision in favor of Bush

9-11

Terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon; led to a focus on eliminating terrorism.

Taliban

a group of fundamentalist Muslims who took control of Afghanistan's government in 1996

al-Qaeda

Islamic terrorist organization led by Osama bin Laden. They are responsible for numerous terrorist attacks, including the destruction of the World Trade Center buildings in New York City.

USA PATRIOT Act

law passed due to 9/11 attacks; sought to prevent further terrorist attacks by allowing greater government access to electronic communications and other information; criticized by some as violating civil liberties

Osama bin Laden

Arab terrorist who established al-Qaeda (born in 1957). Planned attack of 9-11. Reportedly in afghanistan

Barack Obama

Illinois Senator who won the presidency in 2008, first African-American President, advocate for universal healthcare, an end to the Iraqi War, and economic recovery.

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