Which cartilages have a vocal and muscle process and serve as posterior points of attachment for the vocal folds?
Which of the laryngeal cartilages is most important for swallowing?
The hyoid bone is part of the ¬_ skeleton.
What is important for airway protection?
Trachea and Hyoid Bone
Which two structures lie inferiorly and superiorly to the larynx, respectively?
What lends support to the aryepiglottic folds and stiffen them to help maintain the laryngeal opening?
largest laryngeal cartilage; shield-shape
directly superior to trachea; signet right-shaped
located on the cricoid cartilage; pyramid-shaped
superior extension of the arytenoid cartilages
embedded in the aryepiglottic folds; scroll-shaped
behind the hyoid bone and root of the tongue; leaf-shaped
What marks the opening to the laryngeal vestibule?
Name the laryngeal muscle that is the only abductor.
Which muscle forms the floor of the mouth and elevates and depresses the larynx?
Which muscle is a tensor that elongates the vocal folds?
What is important for tensing the vocal folds?
What muscle is NOT a vocal fold adductor?
The inferior pharyngeal constrictor is also known as the cricopharyngeus; what is important for?
Control of voice production
The intrinsic laryngeal muscles are primarily responsible for which function?
Healthy vocal folds move in a pattern called...
Anteriorly and laterally
Which two directions do the ribs move breathing to expand the thorax?
What is the common name for the sternum?
What do we call the inspiratory reserve volume plus the expiratory reserve volume plus the tidal volume?
The atlas and the axis are the first and second ___ vertebrae, responsible for head movement and weight bearing?
What is the name of the tertiary bronchi that divide repeatedly?
_ is a quantitative measure and _ is a functional measure.
Clavicle and scapula
Which two structures make up the pectoral girdle?
_ form the airtight membranous lining of the _ cavity.
Which of the following is the name of the rigid tube extending from the larynx to the bronchi?
Cartilage and ligament
Individual vertebrae are joined by _ and _
What is the name for the amount of air remaining in the lungs after maximum exhalation?
Organ of Corti
What contains the inner ear's hair cells?
Which of the following is NOT located in the inner ear?
The two muscles of the middle ear are the tensor tympani and the _ muscle.
This _ is also known as the cochlear duct, and contains the Organ of Corti.
Tympanic membrane, inner ear
Ossicles pass vibrations from the _ to the _.
The outer 1/3 of the external auditory meatus is made of...
Which of the following is NOT possible to see when viewing a healthy tympanic membrane?
Which of the part of the ear should contain fluid when healthy?
The external auditory meatus is located in the petrous portion of which bone of the skull?
What is another name for the eardrum?
Hair cells in the vestibular system are stimulated by _ movement
Footplate of the stapes
All traveling waves begin at the....
What boosts the amplitude of the traveling wave for better hearing detection?
Neural impulses are stimulated in the _ membrane
We detect high frequency sounds at the _ of the Organ of Corti, and detect low frequency sounds as its _.
Interaural time and intensity
What two differences do we compare to localize a sound source?
Inner, afferent; outer, efferent
There are two types of hair cells: _hair cells that are _, and _ hair cells that have _ connections.
Which part of the auditory pathway transduces mechanical energy to hydrostatic energy and the to electrochemical energy?
Inner, frequency; outer, low intensity
_hair cells detect fin distinction in _, while _ hair cells are responsible for sensitivity to _?
The _ membrane pushes hair cells against the _ membrane to detect sound.
Angular; superior, inferior, horizontal
Hair cells in the semicircular canals detect _ motion through which three coordinate planes?
Cranial Nerve VIII carries cochlear messages in a(n) _ fashion.
Arranged by frequency
What does tonotopic organization mean?
T/F: Decoy cells in the brain help to form temporary connections for later growth and development.
T/F: The maxillary processes bud from the mandibular arch.
Spinal cord, spinal nerves
The caudal portion of the neural tube eventually becomes the _ and the roots to the _.
7 months post-conception
When does the tympanic membrane develop?
10 weeks post-conception
When are the palatine arches are completely fused?
T/F: Early in development, the tongue is located b/w the two sides of the palate.
Anterior to posterior
The palate fuses in a _ to _ orientation.
At what week of development does the primary palate begin to form?
What is the name of the multicellular hollow ball from which the endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm arise?
T/F: the mandibular arch contributes to the development of the malleus and stapes.
The lower lip, muscles of mastication, mandible, anterior portion of the tongue, and portions of the middle ear comprise the _ arch.
The prosencephalon, mesencephalon, and rhombencephalon develop from the...
4 weeks post-conception
When is the heart and neural tube formed?
3 months post-conception
When is the adult form of the inner ear completely developed?
The neural tube is formed from _ cells.
The rostral portion of the neural tube will from the _.
Which of the following will form the upper body and lesser horns of the hyoid bone, stapes, and muscles of facial expression?
Cerebral hemispheres are formed by week_.
Shortly after birth
When are myelin sheaths formed?
What is not a type of depression?
What is the term for slightly moveable or yielding joints?
The Phonatory System is the ______ for speech.
Defends the body against disease-producing microbes
The _______ system includes the brain, spinal cord, associated nerves, ganglia, nuclei, and sense organs.
The _______ skeleton includes the skull, spinal column, vertebrae, hyoid bone, and rib cage.
What is not a function of the cerebellum?
What is the name of the speech recognition/perception center of the brain?
The _______ is a bilateral gray structure that functions as a relay station for the cerebral cortex.
What is known as the brainstem and includes the metencephalon and the myelincephalon?
What is the name of the speech production center of the brain?
What is the middle layer of the meninges?
What is the innermost layer of meninges that adheres to the surface of the cortex?
What is the outermost and toughest layer of meninges?
What connects the left and right hemispheres of the brain to one another?
Which lobe houses both the motor strip and Broca's area, and also handles intellect, memory, and thought process?
Which division of the nervous system seeks to maintain homeostasis?
What is the control circuit concerned with muscular precision
Circle of Willis
What is the name for the structure in the brain that circulates blood between the internal ceratoid artery, middle cerebral artery, and basilar artery?
Which lobe is responsible for auditory processing?
What is not part of the auditory tract?
The ______ runs from the medulla to the small of the back through the vertebral column and transmits impulses from the brain to the body and back again.
Affert is _________. Efferent is ________.
The anterior part of the spinal cord is _______ and the posterior is _______.
T/F: Cranial nerve VIII is the Acoustic nerve, which is responsible for hearing and balance.
Eye movement- Which of the following cranial nerves is correctly matched for name, number, and function?
T/F: At resting potential, the overall charge inside the neuron is positive.
The indirect motor pathway inputs to the _______ motor neuron.
The ____ system is known as the ____ motor system pathway, it strives for speed over accuray or precision.
The indirect motor pathway inputs to the ________ motor neuron.
Which bone of the skull forms most of the rounded roof of the cranium?
What is the name of the L-shaped bone at the back of the nasal cavity and posterior to the maxillae?
What marks the junction of the spinal cord and the brain?
What portion of the frontal bone compromises the forehead or vertical plate?
What is the smallest facial bone and forms the medial walls of the orbital cavities?
Palatine process of the maxilla
The majority of the hard palate is formed by the _________.
Which muscles draws the lateral walls of the pharynx up and medially, depresses the velum, and plays a roll in Eustachian tube functioning?
Which muscle pulls the tongue back and down?
The principle function of the mandible is ________, its secondary function is _________.
What is known as the "pouting muscle" that wrinkles the chin and can help achieve lip closure?
What muscle raises the back of the tongue and lowers the velum?
What acts as a drawstring for adequate lip seal?
Which muscle raises and retracts the velum?
The principle muscle of the cheek that compresses the lips and cheeks against the teeth and draws the angle of the mouth laterally is known as the _______.
What structure joins the tongue to the floor of the mouth?
What muscle flattens the tongue?
T/F: The parietal bone forms the lateral base and sides of the braincase.