A series of comic-strip like sketches (sometimes photopgraphs) of the shots in each scene, including notations about costumes, lighting, camera work, etc...
One uninterrupted piece of celluloid without a cut. (single image or picture)
The order of which shots are shown. Most movies start "In medias res" or in the middle of the action then flashback to earlier events.
Technically means "in the frame." It is a way to describe what the director has chosen to put in his/her frame. Actors' position, setting, lighting and costumes.
A shot from some distance. The full body is shown.
Often a long shot or series of shots that set the scene. The outside of a building or the city is shown first.
The image shot takes up at least 80% of the frame. There is also the extreme close-up that would be one part of the body or portion of an object.
In between a Long Shot amd a Close Up; people are seen from the waist up.
90-95% of the shots seen because it is most natural. Camera is even with the characters' eyes.
Camera is above subject. Usually has the effect of making subject look smaller than normal: weak, powerless and trapped.
Camera shoots subject from below. Has the effect of making subject look larger than normal: strong, powerful and threatening.
Stationary camera that moves/pivots from side to side.
Stationary camera where the lens moves to make an object seem to move closer or farther away from camera. Moving into a character is often a personal or revealing movement, while moving away distances or separates the audience from the character.
Stationary camera that "tilts" or pivots up and down.
Camera is on a track that allows it to move with the action: vertical and horizontal.
Camera is on a crane over the action; overhead shots.
High Key Lighting
Scene is flooded with light. Bright and open looking scene.
Low Key Lighting
Scene is flooded with shadows and darkness. Creates suspense/suspicion.
Direct lighting from below or from one side; often dangerous/evil looking or split personality/morally ambiguous.
Soft, direct lighting on face or behind of subject: innocence, "halo."
Sound that would be hear by the characters within the film. Sound that can be seen on the screen.
Sound that could not be heard by characters. Sound that can't be seen on the screen. It is there for the audienc's reaction.
Fade out/Fade In
Scene "fades" to black or white. Often implies that time has passed.
An image "dissolves" into another. Can create a connection between images.
A new image "wipes" off the previous image. More fluid than a cut/quicker than a dissolve.
A shot of one subject, then another, then back to the first: conversation often; reaction shot. Often used with eye-line match.
Cut to action that has happened in the past.
1. Splicing two pieces of film together.
2. To make an abrupt shift from one picture to another.
Cut to action that is happening simmultaneously, also called parallel editing.
Cut to object then to person to show that person is looking at object.
Point of View (POV)
Cut to object through the eyes of the subject.
Willingness Suspension of Disbelief
The act of willingly giving your belief that the movie is actually occuring while you are watching it in the theatre.