World Hist Ch.12 part one

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The early medieval church in the West

developed a more organized monastic structure under Saint Benedict

In an effort to avoid the potential mayhem of the Germanic system of personal revenge for the punishment of crimes, an alternative system arose that made use of a fine called

wergeld

Which of the following was accomplished by medival Christian monasteries?

The served as centers of learning

Charlemagne's oversight representatives, the "messengers of the lord king," were the

missi dominici

Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire accomplished all of the following except

it restored an urban economy based upon the use of money.

Monasticism in medieval Europe

included women, many of whom belonged to royal families

Who were the Asian people, defeated at the Battle of Lechfeld, who became Christians and went on to establish the kingdom of Hungary?

The Magyars

The incursions of the Scandinavian VIkings into other parts of Europe

were successful in part becauseof their ships had a shallow draft, allowing them to sail far up rivers, raiding and pillaging as they went

The personal element of feudalism was most symbolized in the relationships involving

lords and vassals

the peice of land that prvided the feudal bassal's economic support was the

fief

Aristorcratic medieval wormen

in unusual circumstances, could play a major role, as did Eleanor of Aquitaine

All of the following are correct regarding the development of fief-holding except it

was a result of the Church's attempt to give serfs and peasants more social movility

Which of the following revolutionized warfare in the early Middle Ages?

The stirrup

Vassals

were supported by the income from a fief of land.

They english king most responsible for establishing the "common law" was

Henry II.

Bye the end of the Thirteenth century, the institutionalization of the English Parliament

was a system of power sharing between the monarch and groups within the society.

France's first parliament, begun under Philip IV, was the

Estates-General

The early Capetian Kings of France

were effective rulers only in the area around Paris.

Philip II Augustus of France accomplished all of the following except he

became the Holy Roman Emperor

Central issue(s) complicating the realization of an integrated Holy Roman Empire were

bothe the difficulty of simultaneously controlling the Italian and German areas of the empire and the opposition by the popes and the cities of northern Itialy

The Principality of Kiev was founded by

Scandinavian Vikings

all of the following were true about the development of Russia except

Magyar dominance created a Western-oriented bend in Russia development

The missionary brothers who created the Slavonic, or Cyrillic, alphabet, translated the Bible into Slavonic, and who developed Slavonic church services were

Cyril and Methodius

The Slaves

were divided into two religious groups, whith most southern and eastern Slavs becoming Othodox and most norhtern and western Slavs becoming Roman Catholic

High Middle Ages agriculture included all except

the use of slave labor

Which of the following is a valid statement about manorialism and the medieval manor?

Manorialism provided the economic foundation of feudalism.

All of the following were true of the medieval peasants' life except

they were members of agricultural craft guilds

Which of the following was not true about medieval towns and cities?

They were food-producing, self-sufficient units, in which commerce was secondary.

Which of the following was not true about medieval Christianity?

Papal authority had diminished by the thirteenth century.

The Dominican friars

were first led by the highly intellectual Dominic de Guzman.

The medieval religious order which was noted for its commitment to living among the common people and ministering to the poor was the

Franciscans

The medieval university

was originally an educational association of students or scholars, as at Bologna.

All of the following are true about scholasticism except

the author of the Summa Theologica was Abelard dun Scotus.

Which of the following was not characteristic of Romanesque architecture?

flying buttresses

Which of the following was not characteristic of Gothic architecture?

thick walls

All of the following were motives for the Crusades except

the aim to increase religious toleration between Muslims and Christians.

Participants in the Third Crusade included all of the following except

Belisarius.

The Forth Crusade resulted in the

fall of Constantinople.

The early fourteenth century was troubled by

the "little ice age."

The Black Death

was spread by fleas carrying Yersinia pestis.

Flagellants

were Christian fanatics who physically scourged themselves during the Black Death.

All of the following regarding the Hundred Years War are correct except

traditional nobles fighting on horseback were the keys to victory.

In the early fourteenth century, the Catholic church

was moved to Avignon

The Great Schism

saw two different individuals claiming to be the true pope.

The council that ended the Great Schism was the council of

Constance.

The Italian Renaissance was

all of these except a mass movement.

An Itallian intellectual who hunted down ancient manuscripts and emphasized pure Latin was

Petrarch

The principles of Early Renaissance art

were demonstrated in the frescoes of Masaccio, which employed the laws of perspective and a more realistic relationship between figures and landscape.

The divine beauty of the ceiling figures in the Sistine Chapel are a reflection of the Neoplationism of

Michelangelo.

All of the following were true of the political recovery of the fifteenth century in Europe except that

centralized monarchies gained strength in Germanic central Europe.

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