← Classical and Biblical Allusions Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All ACHILLES A vulnerable spot in an otherwise invulnerable thing or person. ADONIS Someone or something noted for great physical beauty; male perfection. APOLLO/SOL God of the sun; patron of healing; personified by god who drove chariot through the sky each day. CERBERUS Three-headed dog who guards entrance to Hades. CHAOS The void which came before anything else. DIONYSUS/BACCHUS God of wine and revelry. Wild feasts were held in his honor, which usually turned into drunken orgies. HADES/PLUTO rules over dead, also called God of Wealth; King of Dead. MERCURY Messenger of the gods, and god of commerce; known for his wits and cleverness. MIDAS The greedy king who Dionysus gave the power to turn everything he touched into gold. NARCISSUS AND ECHO Most beautiful boy, and most beloved nymph. One was cursed with repetition and the other fell in love with himself. NEMESIS The goddess of divine retribution and vengeance. OEDIPUS Tragic king of Thebes who unknowingly killed his father Laius and married his mother Jocasta--hamartia or hubris, anyone?! ;-) PAN/SATYR Half man, half goat, goat legs, a tail, pointy ears, wanton nature, live in woods. god of forests, flocks, and shepherds. Usually plays a pipe (flute). PERSEPHONE and DEMETER The seasons were explained through this story about a girl named ____ and her mom was ____ PROMETHEUS Created man; gave man fire, taught man about sacrifice. PSYCHE A beautiful princess loved by Cupid, who visited her at night and told her she must not try to see him. SISYPHUS A king in ancient Greece who offended Zeus and whose punishment was to roll a huge boulder to the top of a steep hill each time the boulder neared the top it rolled back down and he was forced to start again. STYX The river of death, separates the earth from the underworld. SIRENS Sea nymphs who lured sailors to destruction with their songs. ZEPHYR The Greek god of the west wind. ADAM and EVE First man and woman. The woman was tempted by a serpent; the woman and the man ate of the forbidden fruit, thus causing sin to enter the world. ANTI-CHRIST/ARMAGGEDON The antagonist of Christ who will appear before second coming claiming to be Christ. Great battle between the forces of good and evil that is to occur at the end of the world. CAIN and ABEL A farmer who commits the first murder by killing his brother, a shepherd, after God rejects his sacrifice but accepts his brother's. DANIEL A young Hebrew prophet who prayed even when the king had ordered that no one pray. For this, he was thrown into a lion's den, where he should have been killed. Instead, God saved him and he came out of the lion's den unhurt. A symbol of God's protection and the rewards of faith. THE DIVINE COMEDY Written by Dante. Takes the reader on an imaginary journey into hell and purgatory, finally including a vision of heaven. It summarizes Christian ethics and highlights the idea that people's actions in life will determine their afterlife. EDEN The garden created by God for Adam and Eve, was a paradise, contained tree of Knowlegde of Good and Evil, they got kicked out of it. GOSPELS The four books in the New Testament that tell the story of Christ's life and teachings: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. HEROD King of Judea who (according to the New Testament) tried to kill Jesus by ordering the death of all children under age two in Bethlehem (73-4 BC). HOLY GRAIL In medieval legend, the cup or platter used by Jesus at the Last Supper. JEZEBEL Wife of Ahab; responsible for turning him from the worship of god; woman who turns someone from good to evil; another term for a "controlling wife." JOB A Jewish hero in the Old Testament who maintained his faith in God in spite of afflictions that tested him. JONAH After running from God, he was thrown overboard and a big fish swallowed him; he prayed and repented and was spit out after three days due to God's grace. JUDAS ISCARIOT The Apostle who betrayed Jesus to his enemies for 30 pieces of silver. LAZARUS A man who Jesus raised from the dead, even though he'd been buried for three days. A symbol of Jesus' power, and of possibilities. LOAVES and FISHES A miraculous abundance in the face of seeming scarcity. BEELZEBUB The chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; the devil; Lord of the Flies. PHILISTINES The traditional enemies of the Hebrews, known for their barbarism and indifference to art and culture. PRODIGAL SON A wayward son who squanders his inheritance but returns home to find that his father forgives him. SODOM and GOMORRAH The cities of the plain destroyed by God because of wickedness. Lot had settled there, but was warned by angels to flee. TREE of KNOWLEDGE Original sin (fall of man); held the forbidden fruit that did give knowledge.