What works that you have learned about were written by John Dryden?
Absalom and achitophel, London Reborn from Annus Mirabilis, and Mac Flecknoe
What is Absalom and achitophel about?
The turmoil that was taken place in this period.
Is Absalom and Achitophel an example of a Tory or a Whig writing?
Tory, because it supported the royals.
What does London Reborn convey?
a sense of new beginnings, of a nation starting from scratch but with confidence in its unlimited potential
What two events of 1666 was the story London Reborn written after?
The Great Fire and the English Naval victory over the Dutch
Did John Dryden pledge his allegiance to the throne?
Yes, John Dryden was a strong royalist.
Why is Mac Flecknoe classified as a mock-heroic?
John Dryden wrote it in the same style as heroic poetry, but Shadwell is a unheroic subject, which turns the piece into a satire.
What prompted John Dryden to write Mac Flecknoe?
A quarrel between him and Thomas Shadwell
Why did Shadwell publicly argue with Dryden leading up to Mac Flecknoe?
Dryden had criticized one of Samuel Johnson's comedies. Shadwell then began to publicly argue with Dryden, saying Dryden had undervalued Johnson.
Four years after Mac Flecknoe had been written, were Dryden and Shadwell friends when it was published?
No, Shadwell became a Whig and Dryden became a Tory.
In Mac Flecknoe, how does Dryden satirize Shadwell?
He illustrates Shadwell as an heir to Fleckno'e poetic "kingdom", however, Flecknoe was a very untalented writer.
DId John Dryden ever write about personal things?
No, strictly political, religious, philosophical, or artistic things.
Other than a normal author, what two things did he do?
He was a critic and translator
What two styles of writing did John Dryden make popular?
Prose and Heroic Couplet
What is a prose?
Illustrates the simplest form of language, meaning the structure is like the natural flow of speech rather than rhythmic structure.
What is a Heroic Couplet?
a sequence of rhyming pairs of iambic pentameter lines, the rhyme is always masculine.
Which two forms of poetry usually use Heroic Couplet?
Epic poetry and Narrative poetry
What is a Epic poem?
poetry with the main purpose of idolizing the life story of a hero
What is a Narrative poem?
a poem whose main purpose is to tell a story
Which author also in the 18th century did John Dryden inspire with his satires?
Why did John Dryden produce plays?
To fulfill the need of the newly reopened theaters.
Who were John Dryden's main audience?
Nobles in Court or Fashion
What was his inspiration for the content in the plays that John Dryden wrote?
He simply wrote to entertain his audience so his plays were mostly about noble heroes and heroines facing decisions between love and honor
What type of formal verse did he not start writing till his later years?
Formal verse Satires
What is a Formal verse satire poem?
A satire that is broken into two parts, thesis and anti-thesis. It starts of with destruction of the subject, and then turns to construction or how to make it better. However, the negative part has to be larger than the positive part to be a satire.
Why did Jonathan swift have to flee to Britain after James II invaded Ireland?
He was a Anglo-Irish
What type of Poetry was Jonathon swift a master at?
Did Jonathan swift mostly write Satires?
Yes, most had a small touch of comedy though
What is the main theme of Gulliver's Travels?
The defects in humanity and how the defects of political, economic, and social institutions affect society.
How is the idea of things are seldom what they seam shown in Gulliver's Travels?
The people of LIlliput seamed beautiful and innocent, but turned out to be cruel. Gulliver is fearful of the giants in Brobdingnag, but they turn out to be very humane and enlighten people.
Does Jonathan Swift try to please the readers of Gulliver's Travels?
No, his goal was to irritate and unsettle the minds of the readers.
What is the full title of Gulliver's Travels written by Jonathan Swift?
Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. In Four parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and then a Captian of Several Ships
Why was Jonathan Swift upset when Gulliver's Travels was first published?
Publishers severely omitted the story in fear of political implications
How does Jonathan swift convey the narrator in Gulliver's Travels, Lemuel Gulliver?
Lemuel is a decent example of humanity, and is easy to identify with by the readers. He is a Ship's surgeon who is patriotic, truthful, moderately educated, and has little imagination.
In Gulliver's Travels, how does Jonathan Swift make the reader feel while reading about the first place, Lilliput.
The reader slowly becomes less fantasized by the "toy-like" society, and then realizes there similarities to the cruel society.
Who governs the Giant Utopia in the second part of Gulliver's travels?
A humane and enlightened prince.
What does the narrator in Gulliver's tales learn about England from the King?
After Gulliver pridefully glorifies England, the king asks him some simple questions which makes him realize how much more growth England actually needs.
What makes Gulliver changes his opinion about the liliputs why on his second voyage?
He realizes he is now a liliput, he sees the giants as the liliputs must have seen him.
In Gulliver's Travels what are the horses in Laputa also known as?
What is the third voyage in Gulliver's travels that land him with the Horses a allegory for?
A metaphor for the positions under the Whig minister, Sir Robert Walpole.
How do the Horses in Laputa, in Gulliver's travel act?
The horses constantly worry about dangerous like the sun going out and their houses are built very poorly because there are no right angles which is weird because they are all obsessed with mathematics they also must hit each other during conversation in order to pain attention the wives also cheat on their husbands without their husband really noticing.
Is the King of Laputa like the king in the second voyage?
No, the king is not remotely interested in the government.
What is the Academy of Lagado like, where Gulliver visits.
The Professsors emily them selves
Describe Balnibarbi, in Gulliver's travels.
It is where the city of Laputa is located and also the neighboring city of Academy of Lagado is located.
In Gullivers travels, is the Academy of Lagado bigger than Laputa?
Yes, it is the largest city in Balnibarbi.
What does Gulliver thing of the scientists at the Academy of Lagado?
He things all of their experiments they work on endlessly are pointless, like a man trying to extract sunlight from a cucumber, or turning poop back into the food that it once was, and trying to make spiders weave silk.
What is weird about the professors at the Academy of Lagado, in Gulliver's travels?
They emily themselves and also are trying to alter their societies communication by getting rid of language all together.
Why did Alexander Pope not attend university or vote or get involved with politics?
He was Roman Catholic
What was Alexander Pope able to do before other English writers?
He made enough money from his writings to solely be an author his whole life.
What health problems affected Alexander Pope?
Cribbled by tuberculosis and never grew taller than four and a half feet and violent headaches
When did Alexander pope become an accomplish writer?
In his teens, no other english poet had been as talented at that age
Other than writing, what other talent did Pope do?
He was a painter
What two historical writings did Alexander Pope translate for profit?
Homer's Iliad and Odyssey
What is a Satirical poem?
Poetry that blends criticism with humor to convey a message.
What element of Satires is Alexander Pope credited for creating?
The "I" of Satire, which is a sometimes a semi fictional figure who is detached from the subject making him an observer.
What two major Works by Alexander pope have we learned about?
The Rape of Lock and An Essay on Man
What actual event is the Rape of Lock by Pope based on?
Lord Petre had cut off a rock of hair of Arabella Fermor much to the indignation of the lady and her relatives
What is inferred by Pope addressing The Rape of Lock to his friend John Caryll?
It seems that pope wrote this to soothe tempers
Why is the Rape of Lock classified as a Mock Epic?
He makes the subject exaggerated into a much more serious thing than in actual reality.
What is the name of the collection that Pope had wanted to write a lot of pieces for including Rape of Lock but never finished?
He had a plan to make a collection of "Ethic Work"
Why is An Essay on Man classified as a philosophical poem?
Intended to be a large survey of human nature, society, and morals.
Why does the existence of Evil trouble Pope in An Essay of Man?
Our good God created this world so why is their evil?
Why does Pope not include and christian doctrines in An Essay of Man?
Because he was concerned with the millions of people who had never heard of christianity and wanted them to be the readers as they any all of man were the subject
What is Pope's writing style in his philosophical piece, An Essay of Man?
Abstract terms, because he is sharing his personal opinions in a way that can be hard to understand for some people.
What does Abstract Terms mean?
Refer to ideas or concepts; that have no physical referents like love or beauty; apposed to concrete terms.
What idea of Pope's does he try to illustrate in the First Epistle of An Essay of Man?
He is very pessimistic explaining that everything is apart of Gods divine plan.
What form of poetry did Pope write in An Esssay of Man?
What is a Heroic couplet poem?
two end-stopped iambic pentameter lines rhymed aa, bb, cc with the thought usually completed in the two-line unit
What does pope try to tech in the second epistle of An Essay of Man?
We are able to attain Harmony in our lives by properly giving attention to our own ideas and self love.
Compare the first Epistle and Second epistle in An Essay of Man by Pope.
The first tells the reader to not worry about anything because God will handle it, which has a sort of outward way of thinking. The Second, tells man to look in him self to understand things, like why people behave differently, this doesn't really connect with the first epistle
What does Pope teach in the third epistle of An Essay of Man?
That each individual in Society is made up of Self love and Social love, and how important it is for the two to cooperate
What is the 4th Epistle in An Essay of Man by Pope about?
All of Man is able to reach happiness if his portions of self love, love for others and love fro god are correct. Righteousness comes from transmitting self love into love for others and love for God.
What is an Epistle?
A poem or other literary work in the form of a letter or series of letters to a certain audience
What is the modern piece Pretty Poison written by Maureen Dowd about?
Botox, and how past Women's attempt at releasing unnatural beauty has failed with the botox faces being the new ideal
What two pieces did Samuel Johnson write?
Dictonary of the English language and The Vanity of Human wishes
How did Samuel Johnson's Dictionary effect the English Language?
Other languages had dictionary but English did not before Johnson's. The english language had seemed to change slightly with generation before this dictionary.
How long did it take Johnson to complete the dictionary?
9 years after his plan at finishing only 3 failed
How large was Johnson's dictionary?
Two large volumes filled with 40,000 words as well as illustrations and quotes
Was Johnson biased with his definitions showing his own opinions?
Yes, two examples are Oats, where he dissed Ireland, and Whigs, which showed his obvious allegiance to the Tory party.
What does the Vanity of Human Wishes by Johnson Convey?
Wishful thinking as well as hopes and desires are dangerous and lead to false expectations, so Man needs to guard his mind against them
Why is the Vanity of Human wishes by Johnson hard to understand?
It is very compact, with every line forcing the reader to understand the different illustrations that are explained in only two lines, which illustrates the theme of seeing anything clear on this early is shown more
What is a personified noun?
When something nonhuman is given human characteristics
What is the Theme of Vanity of Human Wishes by Samuel Johnson?
We live in a society filled with blindness and illusion, We as humans have to constantly search for a point of view that will not deceive us along with happiness that is not just temporary.
Who is Anne Finch?
She is the the Countess of Winchilsea along with being a female poet.
What do most of Anne Finch's poems illustrate?
Her desires for respect as a female poet, and her personal struggles as a female involved in the courts along with literature. Also almost all of her writing is done out of an intense impulse that gets stronger when she feels difficulties
What two poems by Anne Finch have we gone over?
On Myself and a Nocturnal Reverie
What is A Nocturnal Reverie, by Anne Finch about?
The poem describes an inviting nighttime scene and how the speaker feels disappointment when dawn brings it to an end, forcing her back to the real world
What was Thomas Gray's profession?
A professor at Cambridge
What Poem did Thomas Gray write that we have studied?
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
What style of Writing is Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard about?
Although the title says it is an Elegy, it is not. It is written in the form of odes.
What is an Elegy?
A poem of serious reflection, typically mourning the dead
What is Elegy Written in a country church yard about?
The remembrance of death is shown but not like an Elegy, it gives the positive effects of remember the dead, and then the narrator finds comfort pondering the lives of the buried in the churchyard. Contains an epitaph, which is an inscription on a tomb stone, that represses the narrator's fear of dying.
What is Different about William Collin's odes?
They are a new kind of odes that are much more lyrical and fanciful compared to Pope's and the others of that generation.
How did William Collin's poems affect the next century of writers, the romantics?
The Romantics admired his poems and felt similar to him.
What is an Ode to Evening by William Collins about?
His innocent daughter caroline who he hasn't seen in 10 years, walks along a beach. Collins believed a powerful experience of nature was parallel to that of an experience with God, he envisions his pure daughter standing alongside God, as if she has been accepted into heaven well before the hour of her death.