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These are some of the questions and answers asked in the FAA private pilot written exam.

With respect to the certification of airmen, which is a
category of aircraft?

Airplane, rotorcraft, glider, lighter-than-air.

With respect to the certification of airmen, which is a
class of aircraft?

Single-engine land and sea, multiengine land and
sea.

With respect to the certification of aircraft, which is a
category of aircraft?

Normal, utility, acrobatic.

With respect to the certification of aircraft, which is a
class of aircraft?

Airplane, rotorcraft, glider, balloon

The definition of nighttime is

the time between the end of evening civil twilight
and the beginning of morning civil twilight.

Preventive maintenance has been performed on an
aircraft. What paperwork is required?

The signature, certificate number, and kind of
certificate held by the person approving the work and
a description of the work must be entered in the
aircraft maintenance records.

Which operation would be described as preventive
maintenance?

Servicing landing gear wheel bearings

Which operation would be described as preventive
maintenance?

Replenishing hydraulic fluid.

What document(s) must be in your personal
possession or readily accessible in the aircraft while
operating as pilot in command of an aircraft?

An appropriate pilot certificate and an appropriate
current medical certificate if required

When must a current pilot certificate be in the pilot's
personal possession

Anytime when acting as pilot in command or as a
required crewmember

Private pilots acting as pilot in command, or in any
other capacity as a required pilot flight crewmember,
must have in their personal possession while aboard
the aircraft a current

medical certificate and an appropriate pilot
certificate

Each person who holds a pilot certificate or a medical
certificate shall present it for inspection upon the
request of the Administrator, the National
Transportation Safety Board, or any

federal, state, or local law enforcement officer.

A Third-Class Medical Certificate is issued to a 36-
year-old pilot on August 10, this year. To exercise the
privileges of a Private Pilot Certificate, the medical
certificate will be valid until midnight on

August 31, 5 years later

A Third-Class Medical Certificate is issued to a 51-
year old pilot on May 3, this year. To exercise the
privileges of a Private Pilot Certificate, the medical
certificate will be valid until midnight on

May 31, 2 years later.

For private pilot operations, a Second-Class Medical
Certificate issued to a 42-year old pilot on July 15, this
year, will expire at midnight on

July 31, 2 years later.

For private pilot operations, a First-Class Medical
Certificate issued to a 23-year old pilot on October 21,
this year, will expire at midnight on

October 31, 5 years later.

For private pilot operations, a First-Class Medical
Certificate issued to a 23-year old pilot on October 21,
this year, will expire at midnight on

October 31, 5 years later.

The pilot in command is required to hold a type rating
in which aircraft?

Aircraft having a gross weight of more than 12,500
pounds.

What is the definition of a high-performance airplane?

An airplane with an engine of more than 200
horsepower

Before a person holding a private pilot certificate may
act as pilot in command of a high-performance
airplane, that person must have

received ground and flight instruction from an
authorized flight instructor who then endorses that
person's logbook.

In order to act as pilot in command of a high
performance airplane, a pilot must have

received and logged ground and flight instruction in
an airplane that has more than 200 horsepower

To act as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying
passengers, the pilot must have made at least three
takeoffs and three landings in an aircraft of the same
category, class, and if a type rating is required, of the
same type, within the preceding

90 days.

If recency of experience requirements for night flight
are not met and official sunset is 1830, the latest time
passengers may be carried is

1929

To act as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying
passengers, a pilot must show by logbook
endorsement the satisfactory completion of a flight
review or completion of a pilot proficiency check within the preceding

24 calendar months

To act as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying
passengers, the pilot must have made three takeoffs
and three landings within •the preceding 90 days in an aircraft of the same

category, class, and type, if a type rating is
required

The takeoffs and landings required to meet the
recency of experience requirements for carrying
passengers in a tail wheel airplane.

must be to a full stop

The three takeoffs and landings that are required to
act as pilot in command at night must be done during
the time period from

hour after sunset to 1 hour before sunrise

To meet the recency of experience requirements to
act as pilot in command carrying passengers at night,
a pilot must have made at least three takeoffs and
three landings to a full stop within the preceding 90
days in

the same category and class of aircraft to be used

If a certified pilot changes permanent mailing address
and fails to notify the FAA Airmen Certification Branch
of the new address, the pilot is entitled to exercise the
privileges of the pilot certificate for a period of only

30 days after the date of the move

A certified private pilot may not act as pilot in
command of an aircraft towing a glider unless there is
entered in the pilot's logbook a minimum of

100 hours of pilot-in-command time in the aircraft
category, class, and type, if required, that the pilot is
using to tow a glider

To act as pilot in command of an aircraft towing a
glider, a pilot is required to have made within the
preceding 12 months

at least three actual or simulated glider tows while
accompanied by a qualified pilot

In regard to privileges and limitations, a private
pilot may

not pay less than the pro rats share of the operating
expenses involve only fuel, oil, airport expenditures, or
rental fees.

According to regulations pertaining to privileges and
limitations, a private pilot may

not pay less than the pro rats share of the operating
expenses of a flight with passengers provided the
expenses involve only fuel, oil, airport expenditures, or
rental fees.

What exception, if any, permits a private pilot to act as
pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers
who pay for the flight

If a donation is made to a charitable organization
for the flight

The width of a Federal Airway from either side of the
centerline is

4 nautical miles.

Unless otherwise specified, Federal Airways include
that Class E airspace extending upward from

1,200 feet above the surface up to and including
17,999 feet MSL

Normal VFR operations in Class D airspace with an
operating control tower require the ceiling and visibility
to be at least

1,000 feet and 3 miles

The final authority as to the operation of an aircraft is
the

pilot in command.

If an in-flight emergency requires immediate action,
the pilot in command may
A) deviate from the FAR's to the extent required to
meet the emergency, but must submit a written report
to the Administrator within 24 hours

deviate from the FAR's to the extent required to
meet that emergency

When must a pilot who deviates from a regulation
during an emergency send a written report of that
deviation to the Administrator?

Upon request.

Who is responsible for determining if an aircraft is in
condition for safe flight

The pilot in command

Where may an aircraft's operating limitations be
found?

In the current, FAA-approved flight manual,
approved manual material, markings, and placards, or
any combination thereof

Under what conditions may objects be dropped from
an aircraft?

If precautions are taken to avoid injury or damage
to persons or property on the surface

A person may not act as a crewmember of a civil
aircraft if alcoholic beverages have been consumed
by that person within the preceding

8 hours

Under what condition, if any, may a pilot allow a
person who is obviously under the influence of drugs
to be carried aboard an aircraft

In an emergency or if the person is a medical
patient under proper care

No person may attempt to act as a crewmember of a
civil aircraft with

.04 percent by weight or more alcohol in the blood.

Which preflight action is specifically required of the
pilot prior to each flight

Become familiar with all available information
concerning the flight

Preflight action, as required for all flights away from
the vicinity of an airport, shall include

an alternate course of action if the flight cannot be
completed as planned

In addition to other preflight actions for a VFR flight
away from the vicinity of the departure airport,
regulations specifically require the pilot in command to

determine runway lengths at airports of intended
use and the aircraft's takeoff and landing distance
data

Flight crewmembers are required to keep their safety
belts and shoulder harnesses fastened during

takeoffs and landings

Which best describes the flight conditions under which
flight crewmembers are specifically required to keep
their safety belts and shoulder harnesses fastened?

Safety belts during takeoff and landing and while
en route; shoulder harnesses during takeoff and
landing

With respect to passengers, what obligation, if any,
does a pilot in command have concerning the use of
safety belts?

The pilot in command must brief the passengers on
the use of safety belts and notify them to fasten their
safety belts during taxi, takeoff, and landing

With certain exceptions, safety belts are required to
be secured about passengers during

taxi, takeoffs, and landings.

Safety belts are required to be properly secured about
which persons in an aircraft and when?

Passengers, during taxi, takeoffs, and landings
only

No person may operate an aircraft in formation flight

except by prior arrangement with the pilot in
command of each aircraft

Which aircraft has the right-of-way over all other air
traffic?

An aircraft in distress.

What action is required when two aircraft of the same
category converge, but not head-on?

The aircraft on the left shall give way

Which aircraft has the right-of-way over the other
aircraft listed?

Glider

An airplane and an airship are converging. If
the airship is left of the airplane's position, which
aircraft has the right-of-way?

The airship.

Which aircraft has the right-of-way over the
other aircraft listed?

Aircraft towing other aircraft

What action should the pilots of a glider and an
airplane take if on a head-on collision course?

Both pilots should give way to the right

When two or more aircraft are approaching an
airport for the purpose of landing, the right-of-way
belongs to the aircraft

at the lower altitude, but it shall not take advantage
of this rule to cut in front of or to overtake another.

A seaplane and a motorboat are on crossing courses.
If the motorboat is to the left of the seaplane, which
has the right-of-way?

The seaplane

Unless otherwise authorized, what is the maximum
indicated airspeed at which a person may operate an
aircraft below 10,000 feet MSL?

250 knots.

Unless otherwise authorized, the maximum indicated
airspeed at which aircraft may be flown at or below
2,500 feet AGL and within 4 nautical miles of the
primary airport of class C airspace is

200 knots.

When flying in the airspace underlying Class B
airspace, the maximum speed authorized is

200 knots.

When flying in a VFR corridor designated through
Class B airspace, the maximum speed authorized is

200 knots.

Except when necessary for takeoff or landing, what is
the minimum safe altitude for a pilot to operate an
aircraft anywhere

An altitude allowing, if a power unit fails, an
emergency landing without undue hazard to persons
or property on the surface

Except when necessary for takeoff or landing, what is
the minimum safe altitude required for a pilot to
operate an aircraft over congested areas

An altitude of 1,000 feet above the highest
obstacle within a horizontal radius of 2,000 feet of the
aircraft.

Except when necessary for takeoff or landing, what is
the minimum safe altitude required for a pilot to
operate an aircraft over other than a congested area?
A) An altitude allowing, if a power unit fails, an
emergency landing without undue hazard to
persons or property on the surface

An altitude of 500 feet AGL, except over open
water or a sparsely populated area, which requires
500 feet from any person, vessel, vehicle, or structure.

Except when necessary for takeoff or landing,
an aircraft may not be operated closer than what
distance from any person, vessel, vehicle, or
structure

500 feet

If an altimeter setting is not available before flight, to
which altitude should the pilot adjust the altimeter

The elevation of the departure area.

Prior to takeoff, the altimeter should be set to which
altitude or altimeter setting?

The current local altimeter setting, if available, or
the departure airport elevation

At what altitude shall the altimeter be set to
29.92, when climbing to cruising flight level

18,000 feet MSL

When an ATC clearance has been obtained, no pilot in
command may deviate from that clearance, unless
that pilot obtains an amended clearance. The one
exception to this regulation is

an emergency

When would a pilot be required to submit a detailed
report of an emergency which caused the pilot to
deviate from an ATC clearance?

When requested by ATC

What action, if any, is appropriate if the pilot deviates
from an ATC instruction during an emergency and is
given priority

File a detailed report within 48 hours to the chief of
the appropriate ATC facility, if requested

A steady green light signal directed from the control
tower to an aircraft in flight is a signal that the pilot

is cleared to land

Which light signal from the control tower clears a pilot
to taxi

Flashing green

If the control tower uses a light signal to direct a pilot
to give way to other aircraft and continue circling, the
light will be

steady red.

A flashing white light signal from the
control tower to a taxiing aircraft is an indication
to

return to the starting point on the airport

An alternating red and green light signal directed from
the control tower to an aircraft in flight is a signal to

exercise extreme caution.

While on final approach for landing, an alternating
green and red light followed by a flashing red light is
received from the control tower. Under these
circumstances, the pilot should

exercise extreme caution and abandon the
approach, realizing the airport is unsafe for landing

A blue segmented circle on a Sectional Chart depicts
which class airspace

Class D.

Airspace at an airport with a part-time control tower is
classified as Class D airspace only

when the associated control tower is in operation

Unless otherwise authorized, two-way radio
communications with Air Traffic Control are required
for landings or takeoffs

at all tower controlled airports regardless of
weather conditions

Two-way radio communication must be established
with the Air Traffic Control facility having jurisdiction
over the area prior to entering which class airspace

Class C.

What minimum radio equipment is required for
operation within Class C airspace

Two-way radio communications equipment, a 4096-
code transponder, and an encoding altimeter

What minimum pilot certification is required for
operation within Class B airspace?

Private Pilot Certificate or Student Pilot Certificate
with appropriate logbook endorsements

What minimum pilot certification is required for
operation within Class B airspace?

Private Pilot Certificate or Student Pilot Certificate
with appropriate logbook endorsements

What minimum radio equipment is required for VFR
operation within Class B airspace?

Two-way radio communications equipment, a
4096-code transponder, and an encoding altimeter.

An operable 4096-code transponder with an encoding
altimeter is required in which airspace

Class A, Class B (and within 30 miles of the Class
B primary airport), and Class C.

In which type of airspace are VFR flights prohibited

Class A.

What is the specific fuel requirement for flight under
VFR during daylight hours in an airplane

Enough to fly to the first point of intended landing
and to fly after that for 30 minutes at normal cruising
speed

What is the specific fuel requirement for flight under
VFR at night in an airplane

Enough to fly to the first point of intended landing
and to fly after that for 45 minutes at normal cruising
speed

During operations outside controlled airspace at
altitudes of more than 1,200 feet AGL, but less than
10,000 feet MSL, the minimum distance below clouds
requirement for VFR flight at night is

500 feet

What minimum visibility and clearance from clouds are
required for VFR operations in Class G airspace at
700 feet AGL or below during daylight hours?

1 mile visibility and clear of clouds

What minimum flight visibility is required for VFR flight
operations on an airway below 10,000 feet MSL

3 miles

The minimum distance from clouds required for VFR
operations on an airway below 10,000 feet MSL is

500 feet below, 1,000 feet above, and 2,000 feet
horizontally

During operations within controlled airspace at
altitudes of more than 1,200 feet AGL, but less than
10,000 feet MSL, the minimum distance above clouds
requirement for VFR flight is

1,000 feet.

VFR flight in controlled airspace above 1,200
feet AGL and below 10,000 feet MSL requires a
minimum visibility and vertical cloud clearance of

3 miles, and 500 feet below or 1,000 feet above the
clouds in controlled airspace

During operations outside controlled airspace at
altitudes of more than 1,200 feet AGL, but less than
10,000 feet MSL, the minimum flight visibility for VFR
flight at night is

3 miles.

Outside controlled airspace, the minimum
flight visibility requirement for VFR flight above
1,200 feet AGL and below 10,000 feet MSL during
daylight hours is

1 mile.

During operations outside controlled airspace at
altitudes of more than 1,200 feet AGL, but less than
10,000 feet MSL, the minimum distance below clouds
requirement for VFR flight at night is

500 feet.

The minimum flight visibility required for
VFR flights above 10,000 feet MSL and more than
1,200 feet AGL in controlled airspace is

5 miles.

For VFR flight operations above 10,000 feet MSL and
more than 1,200 feet AGL, the minimum horizontal
distance from clouds required is

1 mile.

During operations at altitudes of more than
1,200 feet AGL and at or above 10,000 feet MSL,
the minimum distance above clouds requirement
for VFR flight is

1,000 feet

No person may take off or land an aircraft
under basic VFR at an airport that lies within Class D
airspace unless the

ground visibility at that airport is at least 3 miles

The basic VFR weather minimums for
operating an aircraft within Class D airspace are

1,000-foot ceiling and 3 miles visibility

A special VFR clearance authorizes the pilot of
an aircraft to operate VFR while within Class D
airspace when the visibility is

at least 1 mile and the aircraft and
remain clear of clouds

What is the minimum weather condition required for
airplanes operating under special VFR in Class D
airspace

1 mile flight visibility

What are the minimum requirements for airplane
operations under special VFR in Class D airspace at
night

The pilot must be instrument rated, and the airplane
must be IFR equipped

No person may operate an airplane within Class D
airspace at night under special VFR unless the

airplane is equipped for instrument flight

Which cruising altitude is appropriate for a VFR flight
on a magnetic course of 135°

Odd thousandths plus 500 feet.

Which VFR cruising altitude is acceptable for a flight
on a Victor Airway with a magnetic course of 175°?
The terrain is less than 1,000 feet

5,500 feet.

Which VFR cruising altitude is appropriate when flying
above 3,000 feet AGL on a magnetic course of 185°?

4,500 feet

Each person operating an aircraft at a VFR cruising
altitude shall maintain an odd-thousand plus 500-foot
altitude while on a

magnetic course of 0° through 179

In addition to a valid Airworthiness Certificate, what
documents or records must be aboard an aircraft
during flight

Operating limitations and Registration Certificate

When must batteries in an emergency locator
transmitter (ELT) be replaced or recharged, if
rechargeable?

When the ELT has been in use for more than 1
cumulative hour

When are non-rechargeable batteries of an
emergency locator transmitter (ELT) required to be
replaced

When 50 percent of their useful life expires

Except in Alaska, during what time period should
lighted position lights be displayed on an aircraft

Sunset to sunrise

When operating an aircraft at cabin pressure altitudes
above 12,500 feet MSL up to and including 14,000
feet MSL, supplemental oxygen shall be used during

that flight time in excess of 30 minutes at those
altitudes.

Unless each occupant is provided with supplemental
oxygen, no person may operate a civil aircraft of U.S.
registry above a maximum cabin pressure altitude of

15,000 feet MSL

An operable 4096-code transponder with an encoding
altimeter is required in which airspace?

Class A, Class B (and within 30 miles of the
Class B primary airport), and Class C

With certain exceptions, all aircraft within
30 miles of a Class B primary airport from the
surface upward to 10,000 feet MSL must be
equipped with

an operable transponder having either Mode S or
4096-code capability with Mode C automatic altitude
reporting capability

No person may operate an aircraft in acrobatic flight
when

over any congested area of a city, town, or
settlement

In which controlled airspace is acrobatic flight
prohibited

Class D airspace, Class E airspace designated
for Federal Airways

What is the lowest altitude permitted for acrobatic
flight

1,500 feet AGL

No person may operate an aircraft in acrobatic flight
when the flight visibility is less than

3 miles

A chair-type parachute must have been packed by a
certificated and appropriately rated parachute rigger
within the preceding

180 days

An approved chair-type parachute may be carried in
an aircraft for emergency use if it has been packed by
an appropriately rated parachute rigger within the
preceding

180 days

With certain exceptions, when must each occupant of
an aircraft wear an approved parachute

When intentionally pitching the nose of the
aircraft up or down 30° or more

Which is normally prohibited when operating a
restricted category civil aircraft

Flight over a densely populated area

Unless otherwise specifically authorized, no person
may operate an aircraft that has an experimental
certificate

over a densely populated area or in a congested
airway

The responsibility for ensuring that an aircraft is
maintained in an airworthy condition is primarily that of
the

owner or operator.

The responsibility for ensuring that maintenance
personnel make the appropriate entries in the aircraft
maintenance records indicating the aircraft has been
approved for return to service lies with the

owner or operator

Completion of an annual inspection and the return of
the aircraft to service should always be indicated by

an appropriate notation in the aircraft maintenance
records

If an alteration or repair substantially affects an
aircraft's operation in flight, that aircraft must be test
flown by an appropriately-rated pilot and approved for
return to service prior to being operated

with passengers aboard

Before passengers can be carried in an aircraft that
has been altered in a manner that may have
appreciably changed its flight characteristics, it must
be flight tested by an appropriately-rated pilot who
holds at least a

Private Pilot Certificate

An aircraft's annual inspection was performed on July
12, this year. The next annual inspection will be due
no later than

July 31, next year

To determine the expiration date of the last annual
aircraft inspection, a person should refer to the

aircraft maintenance records

How long does the Airworthiness Certificate of an
aircraft remain valid

As long as the aircraft is maintained and operated
as required by Federal Aviation Regulations

What aircraft inspections are required for rental
aircraft that are also used for flight instruction

Annual and 100-hour inspections

An aircraft had a 100-hour inspection when the
tachometer read 1259.6. When is the next 100-hour
inspection due

1359.6 hours

A 100-hour inspection was due at 3302.5 hours
on the tachometer. The 100-hour inspection was
actually done at 3309.5 hours. When is the next 100-
hour inspection due

3402.5 hours

No person may use an ATC transponder unless it has
been tested and inspected within at least the
preceding

24 calendar months

Maintenance records show the last transponder
inspection was performed on September 1, 1993. The
next inspection will be due no later than

September 30, 1995.

Which records or documents shall the owner or
operator of an aircraft keep to show compliance with
an applicable Airworthiness Directive

Aircraft maintenance records

f an aircraft is involved in an accident which results in
substantial damage to the aircraft, the nearest NTSB
field office should be notified

immediately

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