Nutrition Final Part 2

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The diet-planning principle that provides all the nutrients, fiber, and energy in amounts sufficient to maintain health is called

Adequacy

What are the principles of diet planning?

Adequacy, balance, kcalorie control, nutrient density, moderation, and variety

Most calcium-dense food

Nonfat milk

Nutrient dense refers to foods that

Provide more nutrients relative to kcalories.

The concept of nutrient density is most helpful in achieving what principle of diet planning?

kCalorie control

What is an expression of the nutrient density of a food?

0.01 mg iron per kcalorie

An empty-kcalorie food is one that contains?

Energy and little or no protein, vitamins or minerals

Providing enough, but not an excess, of a food is a diet-planning principle known as?

Moderation

Applying the principle of variety in food planning ensures the benefits of?

Dilution of harmful substances

What practice is not consistent with achieving a healthy diet?

Emphasis on trans-fat

What is among the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?

Engage in regular physical activities

The consumption of 2000 kcalories per day is sufficient to meet the energy needs of most?

Sedentary women

What is not a feature of a food group plan?

Sorts foods of similar water content

What describes the nutritional value of the fruits and vegetables in this menu?

A source of vitamin C is marginal

What meat alternatives would be the best nutrient choices for one day?

½ cup black beans, 2 tbsp peanut butter, 1 c spinach

Of the daily recommended intake of fruit servings, what maximum percentage may be supplied by fruit juice?

50

What two major nutrients are supplied by the fruit and vegetable groups?

Vitamins A and C

Which of the following is not characteristic of the USDA Food Guide?

Its nutrients of greatest concern include iron, chromium, and vitamin B12

What is not an example of legumes?

Potatoes

Which of the following is an alternative choice for meats in the USDA Food Guide?

Nuts

In which of the following food groups are legumes found?

Meats

Which of the following foods could help meet the iron needs of vegetarians who consume dairy

Legumes

How many subgroups comprise the vegetable food group

5

Legumes are used as meat alternatives for all of the following reasons except

They can be graded as prime, choice, and select.

Approximately how many kcalories more per day are needed by an average college-age student who is active compared with her inactive counterpart?

400-500

General features of legumes include all of the following except?

They are high in fat

According to the principles of the USDA Food Guide, the foundation of a healthful diet should consist of?

Nutrient-dense foods.

Which of the following foods provides discretionary kcalories for the person on a weight reduction diet?

Canned pears in syrup

Which of the following foods' kcalories would be considered as part of one's discretionary kcalorie allowance?

Jam

A cup of fresh blueberries is about the size of a?

Baseball

Which of the following is not descriptive of MyPyramid?

A broad-based figure that conveys the message that grains should be abundant and form the foundation of a healthy diet

What is the assessment tool designed to measure how well a diet meets the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines and MyPyramid?

Healthy Eating Index

What is the main criticism of the use of the MyPyramid?

Not enough information is readily available because there is no text

Food exchange systems were originally developed for people with?

Diabetes

Which of the following is a feature of the exchange list system?

All foods are grouped according to their content of carbohydrate, protein, and fats

In food exchange lists, to what group are olives assigned?

Fat

Whole-grain flour contains all parts of the grain with the exception of the?

Husk

Refined grain products contain only the?

Endosperm

The addition of calcium to some orange juice products by food manufacturers is most properly termed nutrient?

Fortification

What nutrient makes up most of the endosperm section of grains such as wheat and rice?

Starch

The part of the grain that remains after being refined is the?

Endosperm

What bread has the highest fiber content?

Whole-grain

Which of the following is a characteristic of enriched grain products?

They have all of the added nutrients listed on the label

All of the following are features of the process of nutrient enrichment of flours except?

Fiber levels are similar to those in the whole grains.

Approximately what minimum percentage of all grains consumed by a person should be whole grains?

50

What mineral is added to refined flours in the enrichment process?

Iron

Which of the following product labels always denotes a whole-grain product?

Whole wheat

The enrichment of grain products in the United States was initiated in the?

1940s

Approximately how many years have grain products been subject to nutrient enrichment legislation?

70

Which of the following is an enrichment nutrient for grains?

Folate

The "More Matters" food campaign promotes increased consumption of?

Fruits and Veggies

The most highly fortified foods on the market are?

Breakfast cereals

Which of the following nutrients would be supplied in much greater amounts from whole-grain bread versus enriched bread?

Zinc

Which of the following nutrients is not supplied in about the same amount by a slice of enriched bread compared with one from whole-grain bread?

Magnesium

Cooking an 8-ounce raw steak will reduce the weight (ounces) to approximately?

6

Textured vegetable protein is usually made from?

Soybeans

Which of the following terms is used to describe a cut of meat having a low fat content?

Round

A meat described as "prime cut" means that it?

Higher in fat than other cuts of meat

Which of the following is not the same as fat-free milk?

1% milk

What term describes a food that resembles and substitutes for another food but is nutritionally inferior to it?

Imitation food

According to food labeling laws, acceptable synonyms for nonfat milk include all of the following except?

Reduced-fat milk

Which of the following is a feature of U.S. laws governing information on food labels?

Nutrition labeling is not required on foods produced by small businesses or products produced and sold in the same establishment

According to nutrition labeling laws, what two minerals must be listed on the package label as percent Daily Value?

Calcium and Iron

By law, a serving size on beverage food labels is?

8 fl oz

Approximately how many milliliters constitute a fluid ounce?

30

Approximately how many grams are in an ounce?

30

All of the following are features of serving size information on food labels except?

Small bags of individually wrapped food items must contain only one serving.

Which of the following is a characteristic of food serving sizes?

Serving sizes on food labels are not always the same as those of the USDA Food Guide

Information that must be lawfully provided on food labels includes all of the following except?

The amount recommended for ingestion each day.

Food labels express the nutrient content in relation to a set of standard values known as the?

Daily Values

Population groups such as sedentary older men, sedentary younger women, and active older women have a daily energy need (kcalories) of approximately?

2000

On a food label, the "% Daily Value" table compares key nutrients per serving for a person consuming how many kcalories daily?

2000

Which of the following foods qualifies as a "good source" of calcium?

Yogurt with 150 mg of calcium

Which of the following is a feature of the Daily Values found on food labels?

They assist people in determining whether a food contains a little or a lot of a nutrient

A food label that advertises the product as a "rich source of fiber" is an example of a

Nutrient claim

Which of the following represents the highest level of significant scientific agreement?

This product contains whole grains which have been proven to reduce the risk of heart disease and certain cancers

Which of the following is descriptive of the FDA's "A" list?

A series of unqualified health claims on food labels

Which of the following is a feature of the FDA's regulations of food label health claims?

There are four grades of health claim quality: A, B, C, and D

According to U.S. food labeling regulations, clear and convincing evidence has been found for all of the following health claims regarding nutrition and disease except?

Sugar and diabetes

Which of the following is a characteristic of structure-function claims on food labels?

They can be made without any FDA approval

According to the FDA, which of the following diet-health messages on food labels represents a qualified health claim?

Lipids and obesity

Which of the following are allowed in the diet of a lactovegetarian?

Milk products and plant foods only

Tempeh is made from?

Soybeans

Which of the following would not be permitted on a macrobiotic diet?

Small amounts of dairy

Which of the following ingredients found on a food label is a source of protein?

Tofu

Which of the following is a feature of people regularly eating meals based on tofu?

They have lower blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels than those eating meat

All of the following are documented benefits for people following a vegetarian diet except?

Lower rates of anemia

In vegetarians, the RDA is higher for?

Iron

Which of the following is a feature of iron nutrition in vegetarians?

Vegetarians absorb iron more efficiently

Textured vegetable protein is usually made of

Soy protein

For the most part, all of the following are advantages of vegetarian diets except?

Vitamin b12 is higher

Which of the following is a feature of vitamin B12 nutrition in vegetarians?

The vitamin B12 in fermented soy products may be present in inactive form

All of the following are typical characteristics of vegetarians except

Their zinc absorption is efficient due to their high soy intake.

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