Critical thinking requires that individuals think for themselves.
Assessing all viewpoints with the same standards, not basing judgments on personal or group bias or prejudice. Considering opposing points of view and trying to understand new ideas fully before accepting or rejecting them.
Insight into Egocentricity
Being open to the possibility that their personal biases or social pressures and customs could unduly affect our thinking. Trying to examine ones own biases, bringing them to awareness each time a decision is being made.
Having an awareness of the limits of one's own knowledge. Being willing to admit what we do not know and seeking new information, and rethink conclusions in the light of new knowledge.
Intellectual Courage to Challenge the Status Quo and Rituals
A nurse is willing to consider and examine fairly his or her own ideas of views, especially those to which the nurse may have a strongly negative reaction. Recognizing that beliefs are sometimes false of misleading, or may not be acquired rationally.
Applying the same rigorous standards of proof to our own knowledge and beliefs as we apply to the knowledge and beliefs of others.
Determination to keep working to find effective solutions to client and nursing problems.
The belief that well reasoned thinking will lead to trustworthy conclusions.
The mind of a critical thinking is filled with questions: Why do we believe this? What causes that? Does it have to be this way?
Obtaining information that clarifies the nature of the problem and suggests possible solutions. The solutions are evaluated, and the best is chosen to implement. The situation os carefully monitored over time to ensure initial and continued effectiveness.
Trial and error
A number of approaches are tried until a solution is found. However, without considering alternatives systematically, one cannot know why the solution works.
The understanding or learning of things without the conscious use of reasoning
A formalized logical, systematic approach to problem solving. Best when working in a controlled situation.