Understanding Psychology: Chapter Four vocab.

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Understanding psychology chapter 4 Module 5

initiation rites

ceremonies or rituals in which an individual is admitted to new status or accepted into a new position

puberty

sexual maturation; the end of childhood and the point when reproduction is first possible

menarche

the first menstrual period

spermarche

period during which makes achieve first ejaculation

asynchrony

the condition during adolescence in which the growth of maturation of bodily parts is uneven.

rationalization

a process whereby an individual seeks to explain an often unpleasant emotion or behavior in a way that will preserve his or herself esteem.

identity crisis

a period of inner conflict during which adolescents worry intensely about who they are

social learning theory

Bandura's view of human development; emphasizes interaction

clique

a small, exclusive group of people within a larger group

conformity

acting in accordance with some specified authority

anorexia nervosa

a serious eating disorder characterized by a fear of gaining weight that results in prolonged self-starvation and dramatic weight loss

Bulimia nervosa

a serious eating disorder characterized by compulsive overeating usually followed by self-induced vomiting or laxative abuse

gender identity

the sex group (masculine or feminine) to which an individual biologically belongs

gender role

the set of behaviors that society considers appropriate for each sex

gender stereotype

an oversimplified or distorted generalization about characteristics of men and women

androgynous

combining or confusing traditionally male and female characteristics

gender schema

a set of behaviors organized around how either a male or female should think and behave

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