← Elements of drama Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All Playwright A writer who makes a play. play a general term for a work of dramatic literature. drama derived from the greek word dram meaning "to do or to perform" . Script the written text of a play, which includes the dialogue between characters, stage direction, and often other expository information. Closet dramas a play that is written to be read rather than performed onstage. one-act play a play that takes place in a single location and unfolds as one continuous action. acts a major division in the action of a play. The ends of an acts are typically indicated by lowering the curtain or turning up the houselights. scene in drama it is a subdivision of an act. convention A characteristic of a literary genre that is understood and accepted by audiences because it has come, through usage and time, to be recognized as familiar technique. setting the physical and social context in which the action of a story occurs. major elements are the time, place, and social environment that frame the characters. suspense the anxious anticipation of a reader or an audience as to the outcome of a story, especially concerning the character or characters with whom sympathetic attachments are formed. exposition a narrative device, often used at the beginning of a work, that provides necessary background information about the characters and their circumstances. dialogue the verbal exchanges between characters, that reveal their thoughts, responses, and emotional states making the characters seem real. orchestra "dancing Palace" seating on the main floor in a theater chorus a group of people who serve mainly as commentators on the characters and events. skene a stage building that serves as dressing rooms. deus ex machina Latin for "God from the Machine". a method of rescuing characters from complications beyond their abilities to resolve. cothurni/buskins the actors were equipped with padded costumes and elevated shoes that made them appear larger than life. prologue the opening speech or dialogue of a play, or intro to any literary work. parodos the chorus makes it's first entrance and gives it's perspective on what the audience has learned in the prologue. episodia characters engage in dialogue that frequently consists of heated debates dramatizing the play's conflict. stasimon the chorus responds to or interpret the preceding dialogue. exodus last scene, follows the final episode and stasimon; in it the resolution occurs and the characters leave the stage. tragedy a story that presents courageous individuals who confront powerful forces within or outside themselves with a dignity that reveal the breadth and depth of human spirit in the face of failure, defeat, and even death. hamarita misfortune or weakness of the protagonist. tragic flaw an error or defect in the tragic hero that leads to his downfall, such as greed, pride, or ambition. hubris/hybris excessive pride or self-confidence that leads a protagonist to disregard a divine warning or to violate an important moral law. catharsis describes the release of the emotions of pity and fear by the audience at the end of a tragedy. reversal the point in a story when the protagonist's fortunes turn in an unexpected direction. recognition the moment in a story when previously unknown or withheld information is revealed to the protagonist, resulting in the discovery of the truth of his or her situation. dramatic irony creates a discrepancy between what a character believes or says and what the audience knows to be true. tragic irony is a form a dramatic irony found in tragedies such as Oedipus the king where he tries to find the person responsible for the plague and ended up hunting himself. tragedy(aristotles definition) the downfall of a noble hero or heroine, usually through some combination of hubris, fate, and the will of the gods.