________ directly undergo abnormal cell duplication.
A) Tumor suppressor genes
C) T cells
D) Germline mutations
Which of the following is true about changes in mental abilities?
A) A general slowing of central nervous system functioning fails to explain age-related declines in cognitive
B) Research reveals stability followed by gains in crystallized abilities.
C) The decrease in basic processing may not be great enough to affect many well-practiced performances until quite
late in life.
D) Crystallized factors show greater decrements than fluid factors.
The decrease in basic processing may not be great enough to affect many well-practiced performances until quite
late in life.
Which of the following is true about mature creators?
A) They tend to devote more energy to new discoveries.
B) They usually focus on generating unusual products.
C) Their creative works often sum up or integrate ideas.
D) They tend to focus on egocentric concerns.
Their creative works often sum up or integrate ideas.
Which of the following is true about generativity?
A) Parenting is the primary means of realizing generativity and, therefore, childless middle-aged adults become
B) Adults can be generative in parenting or other family relationships, but not in the workplace or community.
C) A culture's "belief in the species" is a major motivator of generative action, according to Erikson.
D) Generativity is motivated by the sense that one's days are numbered and the sense of quiet desperation that ensues.
A culture's "belief in the species" is a major motivator of generative action, according to Erikson.
Bruce knows that he is able to manage a complicated array of tasks easily and effectively, which is what makes him such
a good administrator. Bruce displays
C) environmental mastery.
The average age of retirement has decreased in the United States because of
A) a longer lifespan and greater physical health of older adults.
B) an increase in post-retirement options for older adults.
C) government-sponsored retirement benefits.
D) pressure from corporations to hire less expensive workers.
government sponsored retirement benefits
In setting personal goals, older adults
A) often deny their physical and cognitive limitations.
B) accentuate maintenance and loss prevention.
C) focus on gains in physical goals and losses in cognitive goals.
D) focus on gains in cognitive goals and losses in physical goals.
accentuate maintenance and loss prevention.
Jeffrey has difficulty recalling the order in which events occurred or how recently they happened. Jeffrey is experiencing
________ memory loss.
At a recent family reunion, Philip's uncle recognized him as his brother's son, but could not recall his name. Philip's
uncle exhibited a(n) ________ memory deficit.
Mary Jane loves to tell stories about her childhood. When she remembers these events, she is exhibiting _________
Which of the following is true about wisdom?
A) Older adults are wiser than younger adults.
B) People in human-service careers have low wisdom scores.
C) A small number of adults of diverse ages rank among the wise.
D) Wisdom does not predict physical or psychological well-being.
A small number of adults of diverse ages rank among the wise.
Neil, age 70, has learned to focus on his psychological strengths. He overcomes his physical limitations by emphasizing
the compensating rewards of cognitive, emotional, and social powers. According to Peck, Neil has attained
A) body transcendence.
B) ego differentiation.
C) ego transcendence.
D) physiological denial.
According to Labouvie-Vief's theory of emotional expertise, elders improve in ______________, which contributes to
their remarkable resilience.
B) affect optimization
C) ego integrity
D) ego differentiation
Research shows that engaging in reminiscence
A) often leads to rumination.
B) is a form of escape from the realities of a shortened future and the nearness of death.
C) occurs because elders have nothing else to do.
D) can be positive and adaptive for elders.
can be positive and adaptive for elders
Thomas decreased his activity level and interacted less frequently as he aged. He became more preoccupied with his inner
life. At the same time, society freed Thomas from employment and family responsibilities. According to the
____________ theory, mutual withdrawal between Thomas and society took place in anticipation of death.
B) socioemotional selectivity
According to __________ theory, when society arranges conditions that permit elders to remain engaged in roles and
relationships, life satisfaction is improved and social interactions increase.
C) socioemotional selectivity
Kübler-Ross recommends that family members and health professionals
A) not prolong denial by distorting the truth about the person's condition.
B) be understanding about the dying person's denial and agree that his or her condition is not terminal.
C) make decisions about medical interventions for the dying person until he or she reaches acceptance.
D) bargain with the dying person when he or she is in denial, as this facilitates acceptance.
not prolong denial by distorting the truth about the person's condition.