mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it
abandoned industrial sites.
wealth in the form of money or property owned by a person or business and human resources of economic value
the interrelation of reciprocity whereby one thing supplements or depends on the other
process by which companies move industrial jobs to other regions with cheaper labor, leaving the newly deindustrialized region to switch to a service economy and to work through a period of high unemployment
Export Processing Zone
areas where governments create favorable investment and trading conditions to attract export-oriented industries
industry in which the cost of transporting both raw materials and finished product is not important for the location of firms
when an industry stays in a location even after the advantages for locating there have ceased to exist
the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area
Economies of scale
factors that cause a producer's average cost per unit to fall as output rises
Model developed by Alfred Weber according to which the location of manufacturing establishments is determined by the minimization of three critical expenses: labor, transportation, and agglomeration.
a logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of economic activities & the manner in which its producing areas are interrelated
a region in which manufacturing activities have clustered together. the major US industrial region has historically been in the Great Lakes, which includes the staes of Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, New York, and Pennsylvania. industrial regions also exist in southeastern Brazil, central England, around Tokyo, Japan, and elsewhere
the production of large quantities of a standardized article (often using assembly line techniques)
Something used by an industry to be processed into a more finished state.
A Varignon frame is a system of weights and pulleys used by geographers to help determine optimum location. For example, the weights might represent the relative cost of transporting particular goods to or from particular locations, to help a firm decide the most cost effective site to locate a prospective production facility.
Creator of the model that states that the optimum location of a manufacturing firm is explained in terms of cost minimization.