Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The beginnings of the religion Islam and its followers, Muslims.

Arabia

southwest corner of Asia

sand dunes

shaped by the wind, rise to 800 feet high & stretch for miles

oasis

wet, fertile area in a desert

caravan

group of traders traveling together

Islam

means "to submit to God"

Muhammad

man who brought a new religion to Arabia

Muslim

follower of Islam

nomads

tribe of people who moved around the desert living in tents

Pilgrimage

to journey to a sacred place; muslims must go on their hajj to Mecca

Qur'an

holy book of Islam; exact word of Allah (God) told to Muhammad

Ramadan

holy month of fasting

Sunnah

refers to the way Muhammad lived and provides a model for duties and the way of life for Muslims

Five Pillars of Islam

first duties of a Muslim;
1. Proclaim "there is no God, but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet."
2. Pray 5 times a day and visit a mosque on Friday
3. Give alms to the needy
4. Fast from sunrise to sunset during the month of Ramadan.
5. Make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in your lifetime.

Shariah

Islamic law, judges the rightness of actions an individual or community might take

Abu Bakr

chosen as leader of Islam after the death of Muhammad

Baghdad

Capital of Islamic empire during 762

caliph

title given to the muslim leader

Janissaries

slave soldiers, converted to Islam and became strong warriors

Mehmed II

led Ottomans to conquer Constantinople in 1453

Mughals

Turkish Muslims from Central Asia

Shia

muslims who thought only descendants of Muhammad could become caliphs

Suleyman I

ruled over Spain for 700 years

Sunni

group who doesn't think caliphs have to be related to Muhammad

Taj Mahal

tomb built between 1631 & 1647 by Emperor Shah Jahan

calligraphy

decorative writing

Arabic

muslim scholars in Baghdad & Cordoba translated ancient writings to this language

Ibn Battutah

1320, the explorer who traveled to Africa, India, China, & Spain

medicine

the muslims greatest advance

smallpox

doctor in Baghdad learned/discovered how to treat this disease

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set