What was the political cause?
Good trade in N. Italy--> +wealth of merchant & banking families--> patronage emerged--> +power to take over gov
patronage= valued individuality & artisans
What was the religious cause?
Church failed ppl spiritually during Plague- refusing last rites, deserting clergy
failed morally- corruption--> simany & lay investiture--> sleeping w/ women, marriage, drunkenness, gambling--> siding w/ feudal lord
What was the intellectual cause?
world=more complex--> needed answers to complex q's & surrounded by relics of Rome--> investigated Greco-Roman culture & started challenging old traditions & teachings from Church de to decline of church's influence