What bonds create a feeling of nationalism?
(Actual territory the space in which they share) Land
(how they behave) Culture
How was nationalism fueled by Napoleon leading to the Congress of Vienna?
Both encouraged nationalism which fueled efforts to build nation-states all over Europe based on ethnicity and nationality
Italian nationalist movement (the movement for Italian unification and freedom from Austrian control)
Who am I?
FOUNDED YOUNG ITALY (a young nationlist group)
Because of my 'EXTREME' VIEW on NATIONALISM (according to conseratives) he WAS EXILED because of his vocalization~ Oh the passion
---Even as he was exiled he spreads ideas by smuggle patriotic pamphets to italy~like a true gangster
Why were the followers of Giuseppe Garibaldi called the Red shirts?
Uniform (to be an attention whore)
Who am I?
I want control of Italy I but DON'T USE FORCE. I take the vote of Italians and ELECT for unification under the Sardinian king (~like a sly mofo...look at his pic it helps)
Victor Emmanuel II
idea of "real politcis"
policies based on the interest of Prussia
(all about the state, about getting more power at any cost)
3 wars to unify Germany
War with Denmark (1864)
Austro-Prussian War (1866)
Franco-Prussian War (1870)
What happened in the War with Denmark (1864)?
Prussia gains control of Schleswig
Austria gains control of Holstein
What is the "Ems Dispatch"?
A message from William I of Prussia to Napoleon III which brought France into the Franco Prussian war
Who am I?
I believe in the divine rite of kings.Since Bismark the heart, brain and sword of nationalism) is so fab HE IS A THREAT! I made him resign.
I hated liberalists and democrats of any kind and resisted any democratic change (B*tch please No one give an F)
These bad decisions led to WWI
Austrian Empire as multinational
about POWER, NO CHANGE , NO NATIONALISM N LIBERALISM (If you do..you die)
Compromise of 1867
give ONLY Hungarians (certain) rights to self-govern
Transformed the Habsburg Empire into a dual monarchy (Austria and Hungary)
What was the Eastern Question?
"What willl happen when the ottoman empire collapses?"
(Who will get to control trade -Constantinople)
What was the "Balkan Powder Keg"?
increased TENSION between slavic groups (take just one spark for the entire region ... to go BOOM WWI)
What was the goal of the young turks?
they tried to get rid of sultan and make liberal reforms to try to save emp
(... won't succeeed in saving Ottoman empire)
What was Russia like 1860-1914
Backwards: Rural, agricultural, serfdom
Considered a threat only because of its size - stretched from Europe across Asia to Pacific Ocean
Repressive absolute monarchy under the Romanovs:tough rulers, very conservatives
"Orthodoxy, Autocracy(one ruler with all the power), Nationalism"
Similar in situation to Austrian and Ottoman Empires
Ignored liberalism and nationalism (other than Russian)
What is emancipation? ( Alexander II)
the freeing of the serfs of Russia (like Catherine who wanted to but couldn't)
Which czar had the problem of Liberals wanted more change and conservatives wanted no change
Why did czar Alexander II have the problem of Liberals wanted more change and conservatives wanted no change?
because he would give them little reforms ('twas just a taste.. so.... liberals wanted more and conservatives were pissed as furk cuz they wanted none...
Why? Cuz when you give an inch they take a mile browskie)
Who was the different czar that passed liberal reforms that upset the people Decides to make serious reforms
Alexander III, Nicholas II
under which czar were jews are being attacked and killed because they are jewish
(MASSIVE OUTBREAK of kiling of Jews)?
Which czar built the Trans-Siberian Railroad cuz he was obsessed with industrialization?
Explain the rise of Marxism in Russia Problems?
The growth of the working class (cuz of bad ruler) people turn to COMMUNISM also known as Marxist Socialism
What was bloody sunday?
When Father Gapon and the working class bring a (peaceful) petition and the troops blatantly CAP THEIR ASSES
The shooting of Father Gapon and the working class bring a (peaceful) petition and the troops blatantly shooting them was known as?
What is imperialism?
(CONQUER AND DOMINATE THE WOOOOOOOOOOORLD MUHAHAHAHAHA)
the process of one people ruling or controlling another people
What's the same about imperialism and new imperialism?
Motives of religion (not so much),
about EUROPE COLONIZING and CONQUERING other people
what is the difference between imperialism and new imperialism?
RELIGON IS NO LONGER IMP
Spain and Portugal is not important
Major powers?-imperial powers (Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands)
The imperial powers are trying to imperializing Africa and Asia
All gone through the Industrial Revolution
What are the main/imperial powers of new imperialism?
Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands
What was the Economic Interests fro New Imperialism?
Political Interests (glory) -
In order for Britain to be the main power, they must get colonies.
The countries are competitive and they must have colonies to be better.
It's all about the glory of the nation.
If they have more colonies than another, then they would be better then another country.
Social Darwinism- Based on the idea of Charles Darwin- evolution and natural selection.
Social Darwinism is racist and prejudice.
Applies it to people, not science.
White people are better than everyone else.
The Europeans are genetically better than non Europeans, Asians and Africans.
Imperialism is nature's way of selecting the whites to move on and the Africans and Asians to move on.
Cheap raw materials.
sell back industrial goods to their colonies.
must sell your material to your mother countries.
This profits the mother country- which is the new power.
It hurts the colonies (Africa and Asia), but the Europeans didn't care.