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Polis

Greek word for city-state

Metic

a foreigner or person from another city-state in Athens; 12% of population

Council of 500 people

randomly chosen citizens to interpret the law: decide guilt or innocence

Assembly

all citizens of Athens; met every nine days to vote on proposed laws

Economy

ATHENS: most people were farmers
People traded items with people within the city-state
Coins made trading easier allowed the purchase of any product

Sanctuary

Sacred places for people praying to the gods to pray

Acropolis

A flat topped fortified hill in the middle of Athens- Parthenon sat on top (could be seen by everyone)

Parthenon

60 foot high temple built to honor Athena- most beautiful building in Ancient Greece

Darius

Persian leader during the battle of marathon

Xerxes

Persian leader during the battle of thermopolae

Hippocrates

Doctor who thought that there were other causes than the gods for things that happened
Hippocratic oath still used today

King Philip II

Alexander the greats father

Alexander The Great

King Philip II son fought with his soldiers conquered Persia and greece

Aristotle

One of the leading Greek Philosopher others were PLATO AND THALES

Minoans

Great Farmers
Great Naval Merchant fleet
Minoan Women had plenty of rights (sports hunting ect..)
Natural disasters eventually destroyed Minoans (tidal waves volcanic eruptions ASH)

Mycenaeans

Had few natural resources (caused a lot of trade and war to get food)
WARLIKE

Tyranny

Government leader who took power by force; rules single handedly

Tragedy

a sad play where hero is brought to ruin by flaw

Dorians

Invaded and conquered the Mycenaeans and Minoans leading Greece into it's DARK AGE

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