This style is typically complex, discusses intangible qualities like good and evil, and seldom uses examples to support its points.
In literature, when inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena are given human characteristics.
When an action produces far smaller results than one had been led to expect.
A short and witty saying.
The use of deliberately old-fashioned language.
A comment made by an actor to the audience, as though momentarily stepping outside of the action of stage.
The use of repeated vowel sounds.
A long, narrative poem, usually in very regular meter and rhyme. It typically has a naive, folksy quality, which sets it apart from epic poetry.
When writing strains for grandeur it can't support.
When the writing of a scene evokes feelings of dignified pity and sympathy.
The use of disturbing themes in comedy.
A broad parody, one that takes a style or a form, such as tragic drama, and exaggerates it into ridiculousness.
In poetry, using deliberately harsh, awkward sounds.
The name for a section division in a long work of poetry.
A new word invented on the spot.
A startling or unusual metaphor, or a metaphor developed and expanded upon over several lines.
When a conceit dominates and shapes the entire work.
Literal meaning of a word.
What a word suggests or implies.
The repetition of consonant sounds within words.
A pair of lines that end in rhyme.
Crude, simplistic verse, often in sing-song rhyme.
A type of poem that meditates on death or mortality in a serious, thoughtful manner.
The continuation of a syntactic unit from one line or couplet of a poem to the next with no pause.
A very long narrative poem on a serious theme in a dignified style.
Lines rhymed by their final two syllables.
A term from novels and poetry, not dramatic literature. It refers to writing that records the mental talking that goes on inside a character's head.
When sounds blend together harmoniously.
Switching the customary order of elements in a sentence or phrase.
A sentence complete before its end.
A rhyme ending on the final stressed syllable.
A comparison that states that one thing is another.
A comparison that states one thing is similar to another using like or as.
A word that is used to stand for something else that it has attributes of or is associated with.
An impersonal or outside view of the subject matter.
An interior or personal view of a single observer.
A phrase composed of opposites; a contradiction.
Repeated syntactical similarities used for effect.
A poem set in tranquil nature, or even more specifically, one about shepherds.
A sentence that is not grammatically complete until it has reached its final phrase.
Giving an inanimate object human qualities or form.
A poem or speech expressing sorrow.
An intensely passionate verse or section of verse, usually of love or praise.
A speech spoken by a character alone on a stage. Unlike an aside, it is not meant to imply that the actor acknowledges the audience's presence.
The use of a word to modify two or more words, but used for different meanings. "He closed the door and his heart on his lost love."
A way-too-obvious truth.
Roman a clef
French for a novel in which historical events and actual people appear under the guise of fiction.
Metaphors have a much more purely conceptual, and thus tenuous, relationship between the things being compared. Popular in the 17th century.