History Vocab

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16 terms

Blitzkrieg

German lightning warfare. Characterized by highly mobility and concentrated forces at point of attack.

Dunkirk

a city in northern France on the North Sea where in World War II (1940) 330,000 Allied troops had to be evacuated from the beaches at Dunkirk in a desperate retreat under enemy fire.

Fall of France

Summer, 1941 - Germany invaded France and set up the Vichey government, which lasted until the Allies invaded in 1944.

Battle of Britain

The prolonged bombardment of British cities by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and the aerial combat that accompanied it.

Operation Barbarossa

Codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II -- led to USSR joining the Allies.

Similarities and differences between battles in WWI and WWII

WWI: Used trenches, WWII: Used more plaines or trees to hide behind

London Blitz

The Blitz was the sustained bombing of Britain by Nazi Germany between 7 September 1940 and 10 May 1941, in World War II. The name is a shortening of the German term, "Blitzkrieg", or "Lightning War".

Warsaw Ghetto

An area of Warsaw sealed off by the Nazis to confine the Jewish population, forcing them into poor, unsanitary conditions.

Seige of Leningrad

Germany's attack, also known as "Operation Barbarossa". Included invading moscow and taking USSR. Began with the seige of a town attached to russia by lake ledoga, which had huge war plants. This town suffered a harsh winter with limited materials because of a blockade, and eventually the german army retreated because of the terrible conditions. Lost the USSR's support for Germany in the war and boosted soviet morale. Sept 8 1941- jan 27 1944.

Einsatsgruppen

A group of German guards in the beginning of the holocaust. They were the ones who marched into Shtetls in Eastern Europe and shot those people in lines in the forest.

Warsaw Uprising

A revolt that took place in April 1943 in the Warsaw Ghetto when the Germans attempted to deport the remaining inhabitants to Treblinka. The defense forces fought the Germans for 27 days before the ghetto was destroyed.

Holocaust

A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.

Rape of Nanjing

Japanese attack on Chinese capital from 1937-1938 when Japanese aggressorts slaughtered 100,000 civilians and raped thousands of women in order to gain control of China.

1,000 Plane Raids

Berlin was vulnerable, air campaign of 1000 bombers.

Firebombing of Tokyo

Bombing of Tokyo by the United States Army Air Forces; took place during the Pacific campaigns of WWII and included the most destructive bombing raid in history (1942-1945).

Atomic Bomb

Bomb dropped by an American bomber on Hiroshima and Nagasaki destroying both cities.

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