As creations of the state, counties are responsible for
enforcing state law, keeping many state records such as titles and deeds, collecting many state taxes, and conducting state elections
Except in the few counties using a unit system, the construction and maintenance of county roads and bridges is the responsibility of
individual county commissioners
When cities are allowed to write their own constitutions in the form of a city charter they are called
The form of municipal government in which the council acts as a policymaking body and appoints a chief administrator for the city is the
In a strong mayor-council form of municipal government, the mayor
has the power to appoint and remove other city executives.
The city of ------ is the only large city in Texas that uses the mayor-council form of municipal government.
Criticisms of council-manager government include
a) the manager is not directly responsible to the voters which of the following and (b) the values of the business community tend to be promoted.
The ------ is said to have originated in Galveston near the turn of the century
commission form of government
Cities in Texas derive their revenues from
sales taxes, property taxes, user fees, and intergovernmental transfers.
Advocates of district elections argue that
(a) minorities and people without personal wealth have a better chance of being elected in district elections, (b) individuals elected in district elections are more likely to address the problems of the district, and (c) district elections are more likely to represent all political viewpoints.
In response to the tight revenue picture that cities face, cities ---- taken over certain private sector functions in order to gain economies of scale.
The type of municipal election in which voters choose all of the members of the city council and vote for as many candidates as there are positions on the council is called an ----- system
It is believed that nonpartisan elections
may enhance the community's ability to effectively criticize the government in power.
Special districts have the advantage of
(a) being easy to establish and operate, (b) offering great flexibility to governmental organizations, (c) being able to remove technical problems from the political arena, and (d) bypassing the legal and organizational limitations of existing governments.
Every county in Texas is divided into ---- precincts, each of which elects a ----
However county officials are responsible for -------, they are not carefully supervised by state officials
administrating state laws and programs
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in ----- County that the precincts from which members of the county commissioners courts are elected must conform to the ----- rule.
Avery v. Midland, one person-one vote
---- permits city governments to exercise some control over development in areas just beyond city boundaries
----- has been used by Texas cities as a means of avoiding the erosion of the tax base caused by the migration of the middle class to the ---
The ---- is not the most commonly used form of city government among home-rule municipalities in Texas.
Proponents of ---- claim that it allows the separation of politics and administration and is, therefore, efficient
Councils of Governments (COGs) are designed to ----
provide coordination between governments in metropolitan areas
The --- presides over and participates fully in the decisions of the commissioners court and receives, presents, and forwards to the secretary of state all election returns
---- are two features of county government that illustrate its tendency toward inefficient management
Decentralized purchasing and the road and bridge system