world faiths final

55 terms by kem

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

1 billion

# of Hindus living in the world today

Brahma

god of Hinduism identified as the creator

moksha

term used to describe release from the endless cycle of rebirth

Smirti

which category of the Hindu scriptures does the Bhagavad Gita fall

True

t/f:
the chief characteristic of the Hindu religion is its comprehensiveness

true

t/f:
believe that people do not easily realize the greatness of who they are

true

t/f:
the purpose of yoga is to correct false identification of self with what is apparent and to seek that which lies underneath the layers of illusion

false

t/f:
the founder of the Hindu religion is considered to be the god Krishna

om

a Hindu sacred sound that is considered the greatest of all mantras

Hindu

the word that means Indian

puja

a religious ritual of worship performed in the home and/or in a public temple by a Hindu

guru

a spiritual director, teacher, or guide, in the Hindu tradition

Atman

the true self of each individual, being divine and eternal and beyond the ego or personality

karma

is the moral law of cause and effect; the Hindu connection between how one acts and the consequences for those actions

caste

is a division in Hindu society based on one's position in life, determined by birth in that group

reincarnation

the rebirth into a higher or lower form of life according to how well or how poorly a previous life was lived

nirvana

in Hinduism, a state in which a person is united with his or her deepest self, Brahman; comes about through ultimate reality

true

t/f:
religion is broadset sense is natural to human beings-- at least according to the textbook

true

t/f:
prehistory gives evidence of practices that cannot be interpreted as other than religious

true

t/f:
the answer people give to the mystery of life is based on trust, not scientific evidence

true

t/f:
the history of religion in the western world reveals a trend toward more clearly understanding what is truly related to the mystery of life and what is within the realm of human understanding

false

t/f:
our knowledge of the prehistoric religions of the Western world is based on written records

e. all the above

A characteristic common to prehistoric religions include
a. belief in spirit-forces or invisible powers
b. close ties to a particular area or locality
c. manipulation, coercion, and supplication of the world of the spirits
d. designated places of worship
e. all of the above
f. all the above except c

d. Greek people

who humianized the mystery of life by systematically cultivating a people's eye-view of life rather than a god's eye-view
a. prehistoric people
b. babylonian people
c. aboriginal people
d. greek people

linguist

one who studies languages

Zeus

the most important God of the Greeks

philosophy

the pursuit of wisdom; a search for a general understanding of reality

magic

the use of devises, such as spells and charms, believe to have supernatural powers

animism

the belief that all of physical reality is animated by spirits(s)

infantilism

the living of religion on the level of children

anthropology

a scientist who studies the science of human beings, especially their origin, nature, and destiny

astrology

the study of the stars to see if favorable conditions existed for undertaking an action

myth

story or tradition with a loose historical basis which serves to unfold parts of the worlds view of a group of people or explain a practice or belief or natural event

religion

a response to the mystery of life adhered by a group, expressed by means of formulas, rituals, and a moral or ethical code

true

t/f:
Muslim's believe that Jesus was a true prophet

false

t/f:
muhammad often went to his 'place of solitude", known as Medina

true

t/f:
only males Muslims are obligated to pray at least 5 times a day

true

t/f:
Muhammad learned the principles of the Christian and Jewish religions which influenced his thinking about God

True

t/f:
Muslims believe that Muhammad was not divine, but human

Ishmael

Muslims believe there is a direct line from Abraham to Muhammad through him

hajj

the muslim obligation to make a pilgrimage to Ka'ba

shahada

the Islamic profession of acceptance of Allah as the One God and Muhammad as the messenger of God

Khadija

Muhammad's wife

mosque

a 'place of prostration'

571

Muhammad was born

Hadith

is a collection of Muhammad's words, sayings, explanations, and examples to help thebeliever follow the Quran

Mecca

no matter where a Muslim may be in the world when praying, a Muslim always faces towards

Ramadan

is a month during which Muslims fast from dawn until sunset each day

Five Pillars of faith

worship, a profession of faith, almsgiving, the obligation to fast, and pilgrimage to the Ka'ba

300-400 million

# of Buddhists worldwide

Buddha

the "enlightened one"

pali canon

a collection of revered Buddhist writings recorded from oral traditions and codefied; they contain sermons, rules, and essays on philosophy and psychology

Four Noble truths

1. all things in the world entail sorrow and suffering, 2. the cause of suffering is desire, the craving oir the pleasures of life, 3. suffering ends when the craving for pleasure ends, 4. following the Eightfold path will end suffering

Bodhisattva

one who is on the threshold or nirvanna, but postpones his or her entry to help others reach

dhamma

the essential quality or character of Buddhism

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set