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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Forward capital
  2. North/south divide
  3. -Elongated
  4. Heartland Theory
  5. -Territorial sea
  1. a (Brandt Line (1960s)) economic division between the wealthy countries of Europe, North America, Japan, and Australia, and the generally poorer countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
  2. b states' territory extending 12 nautical miles (1 nautical mile = 1.15 statute miles) from the coast (since 1982); regarded as the sovereign territory of the state, although foreign ships (both military and civilian) are allowed innocent passage through it; this sovereignty also extends to the airspace over and seabed below.
  3. c (Halford Mackinder) early 20th c. theory that claimed whichever state controlled the resource-rich "heartland" of Eastern Europe could eventually dominate the world. It would suggest that not the United Kingdom (an ocean-based empire), but Russia (which was becoming communist) would be in a position to achieve this dominance. "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; who rules the Heartland commands the World-Island (Europe, Asia & Africa); who rules the World-Island controls the world."
  4. d a.k.a. attenuated (e.g., Chile, Vietnam,...)
  5. e a symbolically relocated capital city usually because of either economic or strategic reasons; sometimes used to integrate outlying parts of a country into the state (e.g., Brasília, Washington D.C.).

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the political party in power. The process is usually used to turn "too close to call" states into a party's favor.
  2. Afrikaans for "apartness"; it was the segregation of blacks, coloreds, Asians, and Whites in South Africa from 1948 to 1994. It was created to keep the white minority in power and allow them to have almost total control over the black majority (~90% of the total population).
  3. a state whose population possesses a substantial degree of cultural homogeneity and unity (e.g., Japan, Portugal, Venezuela, Armenia, Iceland, ...).
  4. existed before the cultural landscape emerged (e.g., Malaysia/Indonesia)
  5. a nation without a state (e.g., Kurds, Palestinians, ...).

5 True/False Questions

  1. Capital cityprinciple city in a state or country. The best place to locate a capital is at the center of a country, so it is a somewhat equal distance from all parts of the country.


  2. Third worldthe generally poorer countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin America (Cold War to today)


  3. -Delimitationcartographers put the boundary on the map


  4. Below the state boundaryvertical plane between states that cuts through the rocks below, and the airspace above (even outer space).


  5. Rimland Theory(Nicholas Spykman) mid 20th c. theory that the domination of the coastal fringes of Eurasia (the "rimland") would provide the base for world conquest (not the "heartland").


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