children will more effectively develop the breakfast eating habit if
Parents eat breakfast with them
The label on a package of Cool Aid indicates that it contains vitamin C. The amount listed is a percentage of the
The most important dietary approach for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus is to
Lose body fat
Which of the following includes all energy-yielding substances?
Alcohol, carbohydrates, lipids, protein
The first trimester of pregnancy
is a time of particular importance to avoid nutritional deficiencies and insults to prevent harm to the fetus
All of the following are recommended to help preschoolers eat vegetables except
Promise dessert when vegetables are eaten
-Show the child you like vegetables
-Offer new vegetables with familiar foods
-serve vegetables undercooked and crunchy
All of the following are true about prenatal supplements for pregnancy except
There is significant evidence that they are harmful
-Supplements of vitamin A can be dangerous
-Supplements commonly contain iron and folate
-Physicians routinely prescribe them
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, the best age to introduce solid foods into the infant's diet is
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends which of the following?
Being physically active each day
Minerals are classified in which way?
Trace minerals are needed in amounts of 100 mg per day or less
Carol has heartburn during her pregnancy. She should do all of the following except
Lie down after she eats
-Eat less fat
-Avoid spicy food
-Consume liquids between meals
A vegetarian who excludes animal flesh but consumes such products as milk and eggs is referred to as a(n)
Which of the following is true about lactation?
The major reason why women do not breast-feed is lack of information
Current factors that can influence American food habits negatively are
The time-oriented, hurried lifestyle to many meals eaten away from home
Susie is 3 years old. At her most recent checkup she was at the 20th percentile for height. This means that
79 - 100 girls her age are taller than she is
During pregnancy, it is particularly important to make sure to consume adequate
essential fatty acids - linoleic acid (omega-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (omega-3)
Obesity during pregnancy is associated with all the following except
A low-birth weight infant
-High blood pressure
-Diabetes during pregnancy
All of the following are advantages to breast-feeding except
Increased risk of developing food allergies
-Fewer gastrointestinal infections
-Fewer respiratory infections
-Decreased financial costs
Which large blood vessel is the first to receive most recently eaten nutrients, transporting them to the liver?
The best way for a calcium-deficient pregnant woman to get the extra calcium she needs is to consume
Low-fat milk and cheese
Maggie has anorexia nerovsa and regualrly starves herself. She is likely to be in state of
Negative protein blance
What substance helps suspend fat in a watery digestive mixture, making fat more available to digestive enzymes?
Which of the following is true about the way we should eat to achieve good nutritional status?
Eat a wide variety of foods because no single natural food meets all human nutrients needs
All of the following are true of high quality protein except
It provides 7 kcal/g of energy
-It contains all essential amino acids
-It can support body maintenance
-It can support body growth
Xenical is a weight loss drug that works in the digestive system
To block digestion of about one-third of the fat in the food we eat
The new WHO growth standards stress that ____ is the biological norm for infant nutrition
Which of the following terms describes psychological influences that encourage us to find and eat food
The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called
Which of the following statements is true?
Most overweight infants become normal weight preschoolers
All of the following describe the characteristics of fat cells except
The number of fat cells decreases when fat is lost from the body
-The storage capacity for fat depends on both fat cell number and fat cell size
-The number increases when storage capacity has reached its limit
-The body's ability to store fat is limitless
Water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins differ in which way?
Water-soluble vitamins are less likely to be toxic
Infants need fat because it aids in absorption of several vitamins and also helps the ___ to develop
Which of the following is true about the lymphatic system?
It is important for transporting fat-soluble nutrients
Which of the following is associated with increased cancer risk?
Which of the following are the "Five things you should remember about preventing cancer"?
Eat lots of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
Discover the pleasure of physical activity
Stay tobacco free
Enjoy a low-fat diet
Which type of diabetes has the following symptoms:
-Caused by autoimmune destruction of pancreatic cells
-Can occur at any age
-Patients require exogenous insulin (injections or pumps)
Which is a symptom of Diabetes?
Unusual weight change
Which is not a key hormone produced by the Islets of Langerhans?
Which is not a key effect of Insulin?
Promotes breakdown of tissue fat and protein
-Stimulates changes of glucose to fat for storage as body fat
-Helps transport glucose into cells
-Helps change glucose to glycogen and store it in liver, muscles
-Influences burning of glucose for energy
A criteria for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus is
Fasting plasma glucose greater than or equal to 126 mg/dl
Which of the following are an element of a therapy plan for diabetes?
diet, exercise, ensuring adequate insulin activity, controlling stress
Which item below is not a recognized criteria for diagnosing Metabolic Syndrome?
Waist circumference greater than 40 inches for women
Kidney function includes which of the following?
Maintain pH, maintain water, maintain salt, maintain blood volume
Which of the following are recognized major nephron function?
Filtration, Reabsorption, Secretion, Excretion
Following surgery there is an increased need for protein. Which is a valid reason?
Building tissue for wound healing
A good definition of Parenteral would be
nourishment through small peripheral veins or large central vein
Which of the following are symptoms of Dumping Syndrome
Cramping and feeling of fullness, rapid pulse wave of weakness and cold sweating, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
Anorexia patients exhibit which signs
eating very little food, exercising compulsively, hiding and storing food, withdrawing from fiends and family
Which items below would fit the profile of a Bulimic?
Manifest impulsive-behavior, predisposed to becoming overweight, tried frequent weight-reduction diets as a teen
All of the following are true about sports drinks except
They inhibit performance during short duration activities
A regular physical activity program should include all of the following except
A frequency of 2 times per week
Which of the following supposedly speeds the removal of lactic acid from contracting muscles?
Preserve iron status, a female athlete should do all of the following except
Take iron supplements regularly
Do: take blood hemoglobin levels, iron if anemic, iron-fortified cereals
Protein intake for athletes
most athletes eating a variety of foods will easily meet their protein needs
involves tapering in the intensity of workouts with a corresponding increase in the percentage of carb intake
Anerobic glucose breakdown provides most of the energy for sports activities lasting
up to 5 minutes
aerobic glucose breakdown provides most of the energy for sports activities lasting
2 minute to 4 hours
Difference between aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis
The end products of aerobic glucose breakdown are carbon dioxide and water; the end product of anaerobic glucose is lactic acid
Name of the high energy compound that cells use directly to fuel other chemical reactions
Adenosine triphosphate ATP
Not a benefit of physical fitness
Less muscle mass
Are: better sleep, less fat, lower blood pressure
Not a role of minerals in the body
Provide 4 kcalories per gram
role: transfer of nerve impulses, body compounds, water balance
Minerals are classified in which way?
Trace minerals are needed in amounts of 100 mg per day or less
Margarets parents are both obese. She has dieted six times, each time losing a considerable amount of weight and regaining it. Aversion to exercise. Situation?
When she ends diet she regains body fat
Joe is getting his energy expenditure measured by direct calorimetry. 1 liter of water 15 deg Celcius final 2015 degrees Celsius. Kcalories?
contribute to total energy expenditure except
Energy content of food
Do: basla, thermic, adaptive thermo
Antibiotic treatment of infection with the bacteria __ heals some stomach ulcers and prevents recurrence
___ helps suspend fat in a watery digestive mixture, making fat more available to digestive enzymes
___ large blood vessel first to receive most recently eaten nutrients, transport to liver
Nutrition label must be present on the product if
A claim is made about the health benefits of specific nutrient
Kate consume 1900 calories per day. She requires 1750 to meet daily energy, could leave to
Mrs. Mitchell was hospitalized after being found unconcsious in her home. A dietician conducted a nutritional assessment noting the general appearance
Jeff a triathlete visits a dietician to obtain sports nutrition advice. Ate for past 5 days.
Nutrient density can be defined as the amount of
A particular nutrient in a serving of food divided by number of calories in serving
Edma appears when there is a severe lack of dietary protein because
Blood protein levels fall and fluid shifts to the tissues
made of several glands that act in the regulation of metabolism, reproduction, water balance
Dissatisfied with second weight loss clinic. 20% calorie restriction from 2500 kcal/day to
Advertisement diet plan, how many calories one must change in order to lose 10 pounds of fat in a week?
5000 kcal/day for a week
One needs to lose weight, a slow approach is often recommended. by decreasing the calorie intake by 100 kcal/day for 5 weeks? how much will be lost?
Method for determining energy expenditure that involves the measurement of heat given off the by the body during a select period of time in an insulated chamber
Student recommends tracking your daily calorie intakes to estimate the basal metabolism? which is true?
B and C
classmate does not understand BMR, EER and BMR difference
EER is not an accurate estimate of the energy needs one has. track daily calorie intakes
classmate understand EER is just an estimate of energy needs
Dietary habits, weight, height, BMI have not changed. 1500 kcal/day. EER what is true?
A and B
EER is estimate based on large population, daily caloric intake is adequate
Renal disease interferes with the normal capacity of nephrons
Filter waste products of body metabolism