APUSH VOCAB 27 KENYON

86 terms by chelseaxrock

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Quarantine speech

1937 - In this speech Franklin D. Roosevelt compared Fascist agression to a contagious disease, saying democracies must unite to quarantine agressor nations.

Tydings-McDuffie Act

provided for the Independence of Philippines in 1946

Neutrality Acts

4 laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents

Adolf Hitler

German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)

Benito Mussolini

Italian fascist dictator (1883-1945)

Spanish Civil War

civil war in Spain in which General Franco succeeded in overthrowing the republican government

Fransico Franco

A General who in July 1936, army leaders, favoring a Facist-style government, in a revolt.

Manchukuo Incident

Area in northeast corner of China that the Japanese invaded in order to get more natural resources

Chiang Kai-shek

Leader of the Nationalist Party after 1925

Panay Incident

December of 1937 Japanese aviators bombed and sank this American gunboat

Appeasement

practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war

Japan attacks China

In 1931, Japan invades China and takes over Manchuria. The United States disagreed with this.

Neville Chamberlain

British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940)

Munich Conference

An agreement/conference that gave Germany the Sudetenland

Austria annexation by Germany

1938. Germany demanded and took Austria. The world watched.

Nazi-Soviet Non-Agression Pact

An agreement between Germany (Hitler) and the Soviet Union (Stalin) not to go to war against each other- Hitler wanted to avoid a 2 Front war, Stalin needed time to build up his forces

Invasion of Poland

Germany invaded, breaking their agreement, so Britain and France declared war, starting World War II

Axis Powers

Germany, Italy, Japan

Rome-Berlin Pact

the Spanish Civil War led to closer relations between Germany and Italy, creating this alliance, in which Japan later joined by the Anti- Comintern Pact

"Cash and Carry"

the policy whereby the British brought money to buy materials they needed for the war

Fall of France

June 1940 France and most of Europe was conquered by Germany. Left Britain alone against Hitler

Smith Act

illegal to discuss overthrowing the government

Hideki Tojo

Prime minister of Japan during World War II

"Destroyer Deal"

1940 - U.S. agreed to "lend" its older destroyers to Great Britain. Signaled the end of U.S. neutrality in the war.

election of 1940

Rossevelt (dem) vs. Wendell Wilkie (rep), Roosevelt wins ; FDR had to declare that he would not send Americans to war in order to win ; greatly plagued the years before WWII ; won in a landslide ; first time a president was elected for a third term

churchill

British statesman and leader during World War II

"Lend Lease"

allows America to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense of the U.S."

Operation Barbarossa

codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II.

Atlantic Charter

Agreement signed by President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations' war aims

Pearl Harbor

United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.

Japanese Internment

nearly 120,000 Japanese put to live in specific areas due to fear of them being enemies

George C. Marshall

1880-1959 General who commanded the U. S. forces during World War II

Ernest King

Navy Admiral wanted U.S. take offensive in Pacific and stop japanese at guadalcanal

Bond Drives

an attempt to raise money for war

War Production Board

government agency that decided which companies would make war materials and how to distribute raw materials

Genocide

systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

Office of Price Administration

WWII Office that installs price controls on essential items to prevent inflation

War Labor Board

Acted as a supreme court for labor cases. Did more harm than good when it tried to limit wages, which led to strikes.

General Dwight D. Eisenhower

Supreme Allied commander in Europe

General George S. Patton

General in the U. S. Army who helped lead the allies to victory in the battle of the bulge

General Douglas MacArthur

commander of the US forces in the Philippine Islands who directed the Allied occupation of Japan

Admiral Chester Nimitz

He decoded Japanese naval codes, planning to knock out the American fleet, but he knew the plans and locations of the Japanese ships.

Admiral William Halsey

Allied leader who fought for control of the Solomon islands in the South Pacific

General Mark Clark

youngest allied commander at 46. He captured Rome

Atomic Bomb

bomb dropped by an American bomber on Hiroshima and Nagasaki destroying both cities

"Manhattan Project"

code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II

"Final Solution"

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler

Holocaust

the organized killing of European Jews and others by the Nazis during WWII

Midway

naval battle of World War II (June 1942)

European Theater

The other Half of the war Fought in Europe and North Africa

Pacific Theater

The Part of the War fought in Asia and Oceania

China-Burma-India

was the name used by the United States Army for its forces operating in conjunction with British and Chinese Allied air and land forces in China, Burma, and India during World War II.

"Flying Tigers"

u.s. pilots hired to defend china( theres a legoned in n.h)

D-Day

June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.

Stalingrad

Decisive battle in German invasion of Russia, the Germans were surrounded and systemically destroyed

Kassarine Pass

the first real meeting of US and german troops; thousands of americans are killed by the germans

Operation torch/Dragoon/Anvil/Overlord

Codename for allied invasion of North Africa from Novermber 1942 to September 1943

Casablanca Conference

January 1943 conference between FDR and Churchill that produces Unconditional Surrender doctrine

Cairo Conference

November 1943 conference between US, UK and Jiang Jieshi about unconditional surrender of Japan

Teheran Conference

Meeting in 1943; Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill; confirmed their defense to crush Hitler.

Yalta Conference

1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-war

Potsdam Conference

The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdamn, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.

Iwo Jima

a bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese defenders (February and March 1945)

Tarawa

battles in World War II in the Pacific (November 1943)

Okinawa

a campaign in the closing days of World War II in the Pacific (April to June 1945)

Battle of the Bulge

WWII battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west

J. Robert Oppenheimer

director of the Manhattan Project and later of the Atomic Energy Commission

Hiroshima, Nagasaki

Two Japanese cities on which the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs to end World War II.

Bretton Woods Conference

Lay foundations for modern international monetary system

Dumbarton Oaks Conference

The Allies worked to shape the United Nations as a world organization that would arbitrate disputes among members as well as impede aggressors, by military force if necessary

VE Day

May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered

United Nations

an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security

Security Council

a permanent council of the United Nations

VJ Day

"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945

Pentagon

a government building with five sides that serves as the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense

Nuremberg Trials

Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime

UN Charter

The founding document of the United Nations; it is based on the principles that states are equal, have sovereignty over their own affairs, enjoy independence and territorial integrity, and must fulfill international obligations. The Charter also lays out the structure and methods of the UN.

G.I Bill of Rights

Law Passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher education

"Germany first strategy"

the US fought Germany first so they would know what to do what they got to Japan, a stronger country

"Four Freedoms Speech"

A speech by FDR that outlined the four principles of freedom (speech, religion, from want, and from fear) This helped inspire Americans into patriotism.

"I Shall Return"

Words of MacArthur when he left Phillipines to invading Japanese. He returned in 1944.

Leyte Gulf Battle

Oct. 1944, Philippines/ 1st use of kamikazes/ Japan lost most of its navy in this battle

Savo Island Battle

was a naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II, between the Imperial Japanese Navy and Allied naval forces.

Coral Sea Battle

first defeat of japanese air warfare; turning point for U.S.; massive losses on both sides

Harry S. Truman

Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb

Joseph Stalin

Communist dictator of the Soviet Union

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