Nutrition Chapter 15

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Nutrition: Concept and Controversies

As consumers we can purchase foods that require a low energy input by:

purchasing range-fed beef, looking for locally grown produce in the grocery chain; a and b

All of the following species of fish are recommended for regular consumption in order to protect those endangered by overfishing except:

swordfish

A family in the Sudan has had 12 children born of which 7 are surviving currently. The reason for such a large family include:

having many children will ensure some survive to adulthood

To minimize the energy a refrigerator uses, you would:

clean the coils regularly, set the freezer at 0 degrees F; b and c

Methods for preserving the genetic diversity of food include:

maintaining genetic samples of the world's most important food crops in a global seed vault

If you are a meat eater, which of the following recommendations would you follow to be environmentally conscious?

Select chicken from local farms

The best method to keep food from sticking that is also the most advantageous from an environmental perspective is to:

apply a little oil by hand

Which of the following packaging techniques for foods is the most environmentally advantageous?

eggs in pressed fiber cartons

The primary cause of hunger is:

poverty

Permanent loss of rainforests results from the production of all of the following except:

cashews

Which of the following programs is the centerpiece of U.S. food programs for low-income families?

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Facilities that collect and distribute food donations to authorized organizations feeding the hungry are called:

food banks

Switching to local foods grown close to home results in:

environmental advantages

By choosing minimally packaged items you are:

helping to save the environment from pollution

The best way to approach making individual changes to reduce your ecological footprint is to:

choose one change to begin with to get maximum benefit

Which of the following represents the only way to enable the world's food output to keep pace with people's growing numbers?

population stabilization

To solve the world's environmental, poverty, and hunger problems, poor nations must:

gain control of their population growth, slow and reverse the destruction of their environmental resources; a and b

The U.S. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program has improved the nutritional status of families by:

giving eligible families special debit cards to purchase foods

Long-term effects of irrigation include that:

the soil becomes more salty, the water supply becomes depleted, a and b

In order to be an environmentally conscious shopper you would:

consume more plant foods than animal products

Which of the following cooking aids is the most environmentally benign?

cloth towels

Which of the following results in the slowest rate of population growth?

economic growth and improvement in living standards, having all groups share resources relatively equally; a and b

Which of the following food preparation methods would you use to save energy?

cut vegetables with a sharp knife

The U.S. government's Energy Star logo is from the:

Environmental Protection Agency

A professor gets her students involved in a drive to have recycling bins available on campus for plastic containers. This is an example of:

protecting the environment

Energy Star products range from large appliances to light bulbs and building materials

True

In the United States, the food industry's energy consumption is about ____ percent of all the energy the nation uses.

20

The largest source of air pollution in the U.S. is:

motor vehicles

Which of the following represents environmentally sound food packaging?

bulk items with minimal packaging

A food desert is a location where:

there is limited access to affordable and nutritious foods

Environmental degradation has caused all of the following world conditions except:

clearing of forest land to grow food crops

As agriculture throughout the world improves and standardizes species of plants it is helping to:

destroy the diversity of plant species

Federal programs to relieve hunger are not fully successful in preventing hunger.

True

One of the main causes for famine in the world today is:

fighting among warring factions in countries where one faction is in power.

To solve the world's environmental, poverty, and hunger problems, rich nations must:

stem their wasteful and polluting use of the resources, stem the use of energy; a and c

All of the following species of fish are recommended for regular consumption in order to protect those endangered by overfishing except:

swordfish

Farmers who are using genetic engineering to grow pesticide-resistant crops are:

helping to decrease environmental pollution

Energy Stare products range from large appliances to light bulbs and building materials.

True

Which of the following results in the slowest rate of population growth?

economic growth and improvement in living standards, having all groups share resources relatively equally; a and b

Which of the following would you choose in order to save costs in fuel and protect the environment?

small fish

Which of the following represents the only way to enable the world's food output to keep pace with people's growing numbers?

population stabilization

One out of every ____ Americans receives food assistance of some kind.

Six

Which of the following foods requires the least energy to produce?

grains

Natural causes of famine have become more important in the recent years than the social causes.

false

In countries that have reduced hunger and malnutrition by education and assisting the poor, results have included:

women participating more fully in decision-making

The rain forests in many parts of the world are being cut down to make way for land that can be used to grow cash crops. This has resulted in erosion, which leads to:

environmental degradation

What is the current status of the world food supply?

the world's supplies of fresh water are dwindling and becoming polluted

Which of the following groups is the first to suffer when crops fail or war and violence erupt in an already impoverished area?

women

Which of the following is the best choice for grocery bags?

reusable cloth bags

The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is now 26% higher than 200 years ago.

True

By empowering women in countries with high poverty levels, we can improve health status of the family because:

women will give food to their children first even during starvation, in many countries with high poverty levels women are the ones farming; b and c

The purpose of food recovery programs is to:

collect food from fields, commercial kitchens, and restaurant to distribute to programs for needy individuals

Which of the following cooking methods wastes the most fuel?

baking

A farmer is growing wheat on rolling hills that have a variety of soil conditions and moisture. He is using computerized equipment to adjust irrigation and fertilizing to each specific area. This is an example of:

precision agriculture

Alternative, sustainable agricultural practices include:

rotating crops, feeding livestock on the open range; a and c

Which of the following represents the most energy-efficient way of cooking vegetables?

microwaving

Living in a country at war or lack of transportation can lead to:

food poverty

The combination of hunger and poverty is hard for people to overcome in many poor countries because:

hunger prevents them from working harder to improve their economic status.

Your service organization wants to volunteer for a local food bank. What would be one of the activities that they could participate in?

organize and fill emergency food boxes for those in need

Chronic hunger causes many deaths worldwide, especially among:

children

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program recipients may use their debit cards like cash to purchase:

vegetables, seeds; a and b

To eat lower on the food chain you would:

choose more grains, consume more vegetables; a and b

A local orchard is selling their apples by offering "pick your own" days for customers to come pick the apples they want. This is an example of:

saving the environment by requiring less transportation

Students can have an impact on changing the problem of hunger in the U.S. by:

organizing a food drive for a local food assistance organization.

The predominant form of hunger in the United States today is caused by:

lack of money.

Hunger is not always easy to recognize.

False

To eat lower on the food chain you would:

choose more grains, consume more vegetables; a and b

Participation in the WIC program during pregnancy is associated with increased weight and longer gestation.

True

The reasons we see obesity combined with undernutrition in the poor include all of the following except:

food programs may be providing too much food to families in poverty.

Which of the following trends is currently taking place and projected to continue for the next two decades?

Supplies of fresh water are dwindling.

Recommendations for conserving and recycling energy include:

production of biofuels from plants such as switchgrass and algae that use less energy to grow, using composters to turn household garbage into fertilizer for home gardens; a and b

Which of the following is one of the most substantial consumers of energy in most people's homes?

refrigerators

When people suffer less poverty and hunger, the birth rate falls.

True

More land in the United States is used to produce feed grains for livestock than is used to produce grain for people.

True

You decide to choose more local food products rather than choosing those shipped from long distances. By doing this you are:

helping the environment.

To save energy, you would set the water heater at:

120 - 130° F

By choosing to eat Alaskan halibut and salmon, consumers are helping to:

protect overfished species.

Which of the following groups would be likely to suffer from food poverty?

the unemployed, people working for low wages;a and b

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