What advantages did Great Britain?
Geographic (no place in Britain was more that 70 miles from the Ocean), Economic (banks, and good credit), Political (Parliament representing wish of people were inclined towards aiding industry) Social (socially acceptable to want money)
wrote Essay on Human Population, believed food supplies could never keep up with natural population growth--> starvation inevitable
David Ricardo (1772-1823)
Iron Law Of Wages: poor gain wages they will produce more children which will increase labor supply driving down wages
Flying shuttle, 1733, John Kay
halved time of weaving process, created demand for more spun yarn (-->spinning jenny, water frame, power loom)
Spinning Jenny, 1768, James Hargreaves
Allowed operator to spin eight of more threads with additional spindles
Water frame, 1771, and mule Richard Arkwright
added water power to the principle of the jenny allowing for development of facotires near rivers.
Power loom, 1785 Edmund Cartwright
hit in 1830's, drove many hand-loom weavers out of business`.
developed the steam engine--> railroads--> "the Rocket" developed by Stephenson
First railroad from Stockton and Darlington opened in
First factories appeared in textile spinning in the _____ in places such as Liverpool and Manchester
Crystal Palace Exhibition
first world's fair in 1851 in London
developed by Friedrich List, national economic system among prussian states which laid the foundation from unification in the future
The Congress of Vienna in ____ was guided by these three principles.
1814-1815; legitimacy, compensation, and balance of power.
Congress of Vienna: Austria
Metternich, dominant personality, 1815-1848 age of Metternich
Congress of Vienna: France
Talleyrand, awk. because of Napoleon. (Won over Metternich exposing Prussia and Russia's plan to take Poland and Saxony. )
Congress of Vienna: Great Brittian
Congress of Vienna: Prussia
Prince von Hardenberg, least influential: wanted Saxony
Congress of Vienna: Russia
Alexander I, wanted control Poland and Holy Alliance
Congress of Vienna: results
Quintuple Alliance (made so by Congress of Aix-:a-Chapelle), Indemnities from France, Established Concert of Europe
Congress of Verona
Focus on Latin American Revolts:
-Great powers (cept GB) allowed for French armies to quash rebles
-Britian objected, wanting to trade with broken Latin A.
-Monroe Doctrine 1823, US issues warning against any future Euro colonial ventures.
Emotions, Intuition, Nature, Nationalism, Religion, unique individual.
Romanticism: Literature and History
Byron, Carlyle, Chateaubriand, Goethe, Poe, Shelley, Scot, Wordsworth
Romanticism: Architecture and Painting
Delcroix, Freidrich, Gericault, Turner
Causes of the Revolutions of 1848
1) Liberals frustrated by lack of change toward representative gov 2) nationalists angry by 1815 vienna and rejection for self nation and minorities 3) working class suffered from famine "hungry 40's" and job loss to improved industry