History II: Exam III

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Which is the correct trio of Axis Powers in World War II?

Germany, Japan, Italy

FDR's "lend-lease" program allowed:

Britain to borrow military equipment from the United States

Japan's need to colonize includes all of the following except:

needed to become more westernized

Which of the following areas was most insulated from the fighting in World War II?

North America

Which statement about American support for World War II is true?

The support for the war unified Americans across regional, national, and class divisions.

Italian-American scientist Enrico Fermi led the project that:

developed the atomic bomb for the United States

The Manhattan Project was the code name for:

the project to develop the atomic bomb

FDR's issuance of Executive Order 8802:

banned racial discrimination in employment for defense industries

Who replaced Henry Wallace as FDR's running mate in 1944?

Harry Truman

After the fall of Mussolini:

bitter fighting for the control of Italy took place between the Allies and Germany

"Operation OVERLORD" was the code name for the:

D-Day invasion

The purpose of the D-Day invasion was to:

liberate France from German control

______ had the highest number of total dead in World War II.

The Soviet Union

Which statement about the Holocaust is NOT true?

Jews and Poles were the only people killed in Nazi death camps.

One of the main reasons behind Harry Truman's decision to drop the atomic bomb was:

American officials believed the Japanese would fight up to the point of annihilation.

Japan surrendered to the United States:

after the United States dropped a second atomic bomb

Civil rights reforms enacted by the Truman administration included:

desegregation of the armed forces

The G.I. Bill was geared at helping veterans in the areas of:

housing and education

The courageous athlete who broke the "color line" in major league baseball was:

Jackie Robinson

In what year was the number of births per 1000 women highest?

1958

The period 1946-1950 began a 40-year era of:

rivalry with communism and the Soviet Union

The main purpose of the Truman Doctrine was to:

use U.S. economic power to help free nations resist subversion or aggression

A major effect of the Marshall Plan was:

a strengthening of the economic relationship between the United States and western Europe

Due to fear of Soviet expansionism, the U.S. policy in Japan:

encouraged Japanese loyalty by nurturing its economic recovery

The United States and other Western nations responded to the Berlin blockade by:

airlifting supplies into the isolated city

Truman's six prong defense strategy included all of the following except:

the Interstate Highway and Defense Act

Which organization was not created in the period 1946-1950?

The League of Nations

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization:

solidified ties between the United States and its western European allies

In the period 1946-1954, fears of communism were fueld by all of the following EXCEPT:

the Soviet installation of nuclear weapons in Cuba

Which statement about the role of possible atomic war in the 1950s is NOT true?

The United States-U.S.S.R. rivalry did not threaten the safety of western Europe

The content of National Security Council Paper 68 argued that:

military solutions should be encouraged to contain communism

Long-range effects of NSC-68 included all of the following EXCEPT:

it provided American leaders with a better understanding of local nationalist movements

MAD stands for

Mutually Assured Destruction

All of the following statements about the Second Red Scare are true EXCEPT:

Democrats used the scare to discredit Dwight Eisenhower's political coalition

Loyalty boards were originally created and initiated by:

the Truman administration

The loyalty program:

resulted in the firings and resignations of many innocent Americans

One of the most provocative activities of the House Committee on Un-American Activities was to investigate alleged communism in:

the film industry

The Hollywood Ten:

refused to discuss their politics, citing the protections of free speech

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

were convicted and electrocuted for passing atomic secrets to the Soviet Union

Situation-comedy television shows of the 1950s portrayed American families as:

white, polite, and happy

One trend in governmental spending during the 1950s was:

a significant increase in defense spending

Eisenhower's greatest initiative was the

Interstate Highway and Defense Act

Effects of the Soviet Union's launching of Sputnik included all of the following EXCEPT:

many Americans believed that Sputnik's inferior quality revealed American superiority

In 1956, the Soviet Union used military force to suppress an uprising in:

Hungary

In Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled that:

segregation in public schools was unconstitutional

In Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957:

federal troops ensured the safety of black students from angry white mobs

The young, charismatic leader of the successful Montgomery bus strike was:

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Methods used by blacks in winning the Montgomery bus strike included:

the use of car pools despite police harassment

Martin Luther King, Jr. was the founder of the:

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

All of the following are true regarding Brown v Board in 1954 except

it affirmed separate but equal

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