Theatre is driven by a human need to
A) comprehend the world B) examine the world
C) challenge the world D) all of the above
When considering theatrical conventions throughout history, one must think of them as
A) ever evolving B) fixed C) universal D) invisible
The combined effect of theatrical conventions working together is ________, the manner in
which a performance depicts the world.
A) style B) farce C) convention D) history
Ira Aldridge worked professionally in Europe because of the lack of opportunities for African
Americans in the United States during what century?
A) Seventeenth B) Eighteenth C) Nineteenth D) Twentieth
________ is an example of a theatrical form that has remained largely unchanged from its
original form in the 14th century.
A) Noh B) Kabuki C) Bunraku D) Taʹziyeh
Which of the following is NOT a universal, applicable to all theatre everywhere?
A) Theatre is live. B) Theatre is ephemeral.
C) Theatre is collaborative. D) Theatre is written.
The only thing that is absolutely necessary to create a piece of theatre is
A) an actor/performer and an audience B) a design
C) a written text D) sound
Theatrical conventions regulate
A) how the actors will move
B) the form and content of the theatrical event
C) how the audience will behave
D) all of the above
A) old values and assumed truths
B) whether the canon exists, and if it does, what it should include
C) the divisions between ʺhigh artʺ and ʺlow artʺ
D) all of the above
Postmodernism is marked by:
A) a borrowing of styles B) a political intent
C) A and B D) none of the above
Once all politics was ________. Now all politics is ________.
A) local; commercial. B) local; national.
C) local; global. D) national; international.
Detractors of multiculturalism argue that it can lead to a more ________ theatre community
A) segregated B) amateur C) profitable D) commercial
The blending of traditions from various cultures is called
A) postcolonialism B) interculturalism
C) multiculturalism D) Orientalism
Orientalism demonstrates a western ________ of Asian forms.
A) misunderstanding B) exoticizing
C) appropriation D) all of the above
Positive consequences of globalization are
A) increased exposure to diverse theatrical forms
B) the enforced socioeconomic structures on less modernized societies
C) the spread of capitalism
When postcolonial theorists speak of hybridity, they are examining the dilemma of artists in
former colonies who
A) seek to understand their own cultural heritage and the impact of colonial rule on their
traditions and self-image
B) desire the return to their colonial status
C) seek to embrace fully the European theatrical traditions
D) seek to abandon fully the European theatrical traditions in favor of local performance
________ calls for a respect for neighboring cultures living under the same political system.
A) Interculturalism B) Postcolonialism
C) Multiculturalism D) Orientalism
________ is an African writer who integrates African and European theatrical forms
A) Wole Soyinka B) Chinua Achebe
C) Ariane Mnouchkine D) Julie Taymor
Eve Enslerʹs 1996 solo performance piece was called
A) The Vagina Monologues B) Penis Envy
C) Body Talk D) The Cult of Beauty
Bertolt Brechtʹs concept of acting in theatre was partly shaped by his borrowing and
A) Chinese opera B) Japanese noh C) Balinese dance D) French mime
Dionysus was the Greek god of
A) wine and fertility B) debate and rhetoric
C) politics D) health
The capacity to identify emotionally with the characters on the stage is
A) sympathy B) immediacy C) empathy D) hypocrisy
The Astor Place Riots centered around the rivalry between which two actors?
A) William Charles Macready and Edwin Booth
B) Edwin Booth and John Kemble
C) William Charles Macready and Edwin Forrest
D) Edwin Forrest and Edwin Booth
The rise of the passive theatre audience is generally associated with the rise of what theatrical
A) melodrama B) commedia dellʹarte
C) opera D) realis
The name ʺagit-propʺ theatre comes from what two terms?
A) agitation and propaganda B) aggression and propaganda
C) agitation and propulsion D) aggression and participation
Which of the following groups used or employed agit-prop theatre?
A) Red Megaphones B) Teatro Campesino
C) San Francisco Mime Troupe D) all of the above
Bertolt Brecht built on the work of which German director?
A) Piscator B) Reinhardt C) Jessner D) Wagner
Verfremdungseffeckt or alienation effect most commonly refers to
A) empathy in excess B) lack of judgment
C) emotional distancing D) free will
Brechtʹs alienation effect was most often achieved through
A) utilitarian lighting B) placards
C) direct address to the audience D) all of the above
Augusto Boalʹs Theatre of the Oppressed is primarily concerned with ________ the separation
between actors and audience
A) destroying B) sustaining C) strengthening D) designing
Which of the following is NOT a theatrical strategy in Boalʹs Theatre of the Oppressed?
A) Forum theatre B) Invisible theatre
C) Familial theatre D) Legislative theatre
The Living Theatre was known for its
A) politically engaged theatre B) superb opera adaptations
C) apolitical stance D) none of the above
Which is believed to be a source of theatre?
A) religious ritual B) storytelling
C) dance D) all of the above
Amiri Barakaʹs Slave Ship, produced by the Free Southern Theatre in 1968 was notable for
A) its use of song
B) the division of the audience along racial lines
C) its choice of setting
D) the color blind casting
Compared with film and television, the theatre audience member has ________ autonomy to
choose their focus
A) more B) less
C) the same D) does not apply
Aesthetic distance enables the audience to
A) observe a work of art with detachment and objectivity
B) immerse themselves emotionally in the world of the play
C) purge their own aggressive desires through art and enactment
D) A and C
Most western theatre expects the audience to
A) react vociferously B) sit passively
C) eat and drink during the performance D) none of the above
The Living Theatre, Reverend Billy and Augusto Boal rely primarily on what type of
A) passive B) participatory C) conservative D) segregated
Over time innovations can become
A) conventions B) mainstream
C) accepted D) all of the above
Audience members filter their theatre experiences through
A) their personal histories B) their values
C) their cultural biases D) all of the above
All of the events that happen or are mentioned in the text of a play is the
A) story B) plot C) exposition D) design
The ordering or structuring of the events that actually take place on stage is
A) the exposition B) the story C) the plot D) the design
Playwrights use the plot to
A) create dramatic tension B) develop conflict
C) define characters D) all of the above
Scholars generally assert that ________ was the first person to devise a method of dramatic
A) Plato B) Socrates C) Herodotus D) Aristotle
We can think of climactic structure as ________ in scope, while episodic structure is ________.
A) particular; general B) constrictive; expansive
C) general; particular D) expansive; constrictive
In climatic structure, the point of attack generally occurs ________ in the story.
A) late B) early C) in the middle D) nowhere
Which of the following lines of text or stage direction reveals exposition?
A) ʺWhich is the way to the store?ʺ
B) ʺ I remember when I first met her. It was Christmas and she had just returned home from
C) (Enter stage right)
D) ʺYou canʹt possibly mean what you say.ʺ
Moliereʹs choice of ending his play Tartuffe with an emissary from the King resolving
everything is an example of
A) complication B) exposition
C) denouement D) deus ex machina
Frenchmen Augustin-Eugene Scribe and Victorien Sardou are known as the creators of the
A) pastiche B) serial structure
C) well-made play D) melodrama
A Dollʹs House and Ghosts are famous manipulations of what dramatic structure?
A) the well-made play B) the melodrama
C) the classical tragedy D) the vaudeville
The Bald Soprano is an example of what type of dramatic structure?
A) circular B) climactic C) episodic D) serial
American vaudeville has relied on ________ structure to present various performers and acts
on the same bill
A) climactic B) circular C) serial D) episodic
The lead role or main character in a play is the
A) antagonist B) archetype
C) stock character D) protagonist
________ characters are extraordinary people placed in extraordinary circumstances, and their
actions loom larger than their circumstances.
A) Circumstantial B) Stock
C) Archetypal D) Psychological
________ characters are representative of a type and are defined by externals rather than their
A) Psychological B) Stock C) Contemporary D) Archetypal
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of text is referred to as
A) tone B) mood C) sound D) meter
ʺ Sally sells sea shells ʺis an example of
A) assonance B) alliteration C) meter D) onomatopoeia
ʺBzzzzzzzzʺ is an example of
A) alliteration B) assonance C) onomatopoeia D) meter
The plays of Bertolt Brecht might best be described as following what type of dramatic
A) episodic structure B) climactic structure
C) serial structure D) circular structure
Which of the following most closely resembles the correct progression of events in a
climactically structured play?
A) point of attack, complication, exposition, crisis, climax, denouement
B) point of attack, exposition, complication, crisis, climax, denouement
C) exposition, complication, point of attack, crisis, denouement, climax
D) exposition, point of attack, crisis, complication, denouement, climax
Aristotleʹs written thesis on tragedy is called
A) The Republic B) Oedipus Tyrannus
C) Antigone D) Poetics
According to Aristotle, tragedy should cause ________ and ________ in the audience,
underscoring the moral lesson of tragedy.
A) love; pride B) pity; fear
C) terror; contemplation D) fear; loathing
We have extant tragedies by which Roman tragic playwright?
A) Seneca B) Plautus C) Sophocles D) Aeschylus
Who is NOT an Elizabethan playwright?
A) William Shakespeare B) Christopher Marlowe
C) Pierre Corneille D) John Webster
Neoclassical tragedy is generally marked by an adherence to what elements?
A) climactic structure B) verisimilitude
C) the unities D) all of the above
Which of the following forms of tragedy generally employs a chorus?
A) Jacobean tragedy B) Neoclassical tragedy
C) Elizabethan plays D) Greek tragedy
The ________ believed in a chain of being with God presiding over a hierarchy from the angels
down to the lowest inanimate objects.
A) medieval world B) Greeks
C) A and D D) Elizabethan
Tragedy and the Common Man was written by
A) Tennessee Williams B) Arthur Miller
C) Thorton Wilder D) William Inge
________ was a celebrated Greek comic playwright of the 5th century BC.
A) Aristophanes B) Plautus C) Sophocles D) Terrence
________ is the exaggerated imitation of individuals or artistic styles to make them appear
A) Hilarity B) Satire C) Parody D) Irony
________ humour, identified by pratfalls, collisions and comic beatings, is named after a
commonly used prop--two long pieces of wood fastened together that make noise when used.
A) Slapstick B) Sideboard C) Bangboard D) Breakstick
Satire is always
A) topical B) corrective
C) pointed D) all of the above
Moliere is usually credited as the inventor of which dramatic genre?
A) Farce B) Comedy of Manners
C) Romantic Comedy D) Situation Comedy
Comedies of ideas are generally used to describe the plays of
A) George Bernard Shaw B) Plautus
C) Victorien Sardou D) William Congreve
Anton Chekhovʹs plays can best be described as
A) comedies of manners B) melodramas
C) tragicomedies D) comedies of ideas
The genre that most unapologetically appeals to our emotions and love of spectacle is
A) farce B) melodrama
C) comedy of manners D) existentialism
The most popular American melodrama of all time is
A) The Poor of New York B) Uncle Tomʹs Cabin
C) The Streets of London D) The Robbers
The characters in melodramas are notable for
A) their complexity B) their conflicted nature
C) their simplicity D) none of the above
Which is a function of comedy?
A) reknitting of the social fabric by first showing its unraveling
B) showing the audience life as it is
C) pointing out the flaws of man
D) all of the above
Morality plays, passion plays and miracle plays are most often associated with which
A) French Neoclassiciam B) European medieval theatre
C) 5th century Greece D) Sturm und Drang
The Natyasastra is an extant manuscript from which theatrical tradition?
A) commedia dellʹarte B) Indian sanskrit drama
C) noh theatre D) kabuki
Commedia dellʹarte is known for having:
A) masked performers
B) improvised, intensely physical performances
C) stock characters
D) all of the above
The Natyasastra describes
A) how actors should move their eyes and limbs to convey emotion
B) the ideal spectator
C) types of performance spaces
D) all of the above
Japanʹs noh theatre catered primarily to
A) the merchant class B) the samurai court
C) popular audiences D) all of the above
The main character or shite of noh play is often
A) a priest B) a chorus member
C) a spirit returning from the dead D) an animal
In Chinese opera, makeup and costume can express
A) a characterʹs gender B) a characterʹs temperament
C) a characterʹs role type D) all of the above
What is a shared characteristic of noh theatre and kabuki?
A) The set is bare.
B) They date from the same century.
C) They are both subtle and introverted art forms.
D) All of the actors are male.
Dan, sheng, chou and jing are the four basic role types in what performance tradition?
A) Chinese opera B) kathakali C) noh D) kabuki
Carnival comes from the latin ʺcarne valeʺ which is translated as
A) farewell meat B) joyous time
C) farewell sadness D) feast of friends
Carnival traditionally celebrates
A) the monarchy B) freedom
C) celibacy D) military victory
Dream on Monkey Mountain, which incorporates elements of carnival, was written by West
A) Wole Soyinka B) Julie Taymor C) Derek Walcott D) Zeami
The zarzuela is an example of a tradition that
A) died out
B) has been passed on from one generation to the next as a complete performance
C) traveled throughout the world through colonization and immigration
D) all of the above
Kabuki originally catered primarily to ________, which accounts for its interest in novelty.
A) the merchant class B) the samurai court
C) peasant audiences D) all of the above
A) a comic counterpart to the noh theatre B) features comic servants and masters
C) has only survived in written texts D) A and B
Before China absorbed Western influence in the twentieth century, all Chinese theatre was
A) sung B) masked
C) performed outside D) in the style of ʺrealismʺ
Pantalone, Capitano, Dottore and Arlecchino are stock characters in
A) Chinese opera B) kathakali
C) commedia dellʹarte D) kabuki
Which of the following is NOT true of noh theatre?
A) A few pages of text can take hours to perform.
B) Primary and secondary roles are referred to as shite and waki roles.
C) Noh actors never retire.
D) The stage is highly decorated.
In all kabuki plays mimes are known as
A) the high points B) the low points
C) the exposition D) none of the above
The Chinese opera performer Mei Lanfang
A) performed womenʹs roles
B) revitalized Chinese opera in China with new repertory and techniques
C) introduced Chinese opera to Westerners
D) all of the above
Commedia dellʹarte, puppetry, carnival, and kabuki all share a privileging of
A) a performance tradition over a written tradition
B) ornate stage design over a bare stage
C) female performers over male performers
D) specific characters over types
Similar to the sketches in commedia dellʹarte, the bhavai traveling players of India perform
veshas that are
A) rehearsed at length B) recited from memory
C) improvised D) sung
Joseph Chaikinʹs Open Theatre, Peter Brookʹs International Center for Theatre Research are
similar in their search for a new system of theatrical language based on
A) music and light B) sound and movement
C) light and movement D) film and video
The Open Theatreʹs production of Terminal is an example of a script created by
A) collaboration B) a single author
C) the audience D) the director
The Laramie Project, about the events surrounding the murder of Matthew Shepard, was
created primarily through
A) interviews conducted by the actors with members of community of Laramie, Wyoming
C) the journals of Matthew Shepard
D) none of the above
Marcel Marceau, Etienne Decroux, Jean-Louis Barrault and Jacques Lecoq belong to what
A) opera B) mime
C) musical theatre D) dance
The form of mime that simulates the imaginary appearance of objects is
A) farce B) commedia dellʹarte
C) statuary mime D) illusionary mime
Concert parties are a form of variety entertainment in certain parts of ________.
A) Western Europe B) Asia
C) Africa D) North America
The concert party clown is an interesting borrowing and re-claiming of what offensive
A) the minstrel show B) the vaudeville
C) the burlesque D) the pantomime
A popular form of entertainment revue in the late nineteenth, early twentieth century, with
bawdy humor and striptease was
A) the variety show B) vaudeville
C) the minstrel show D) burlesque
Which of the following can be a theatrical text?
A) a musical score B) a play script
C) movement notations D) all of the above
Swimming to Cambodia and Monster in a Box were performance pieces by Spalding Gray, who
pioneered the form of
A) musical theatre B) solo performance
C) illusionary mime D) futurist performance
The term ʺavant gardeʺ originally comes from the military and refers to
A) artists who rebel against tradition B) artists who follow convention
C) artists who research history D) artists who reflect popular taste
Tim Miller, Karen Finley, Holly Hughes and Shazia Mirza are all solo performance artists
whose work challenges the audiences preconceived notions about
A) gender B) sexuality
C) politics D) all of the above
Actual primary sources become the text for a performance in
A) reality television B) documentary theatre
C) futurist performance D) vaudeville
The work of solo artists like Eve Ensler and Anna Deveare Smith are in the category of
A) docudrama B) burlesque
C) religious drama D) futurist performance
An early docudrama was
A) The Living Newspapers B) mystery plays
C) commedia dellʹarte D) The Mahabharata
Operetta was in many ways the forerunner of what contemporary entertainment?
A) poetry slam B) musical theatre
C) ballroom dancing D) opera
In general, opera has ________ spoken dialogue than operettas.
A) less B) more
C) the same amount of D) does not apply
Operetta always deals with ________ subjects
A) religious B) political C) serious D) lighthearted
What 1920s American musical was noteworthy for its daring examination of race and
A) West Side Story B) Showboat C) South Pacific D) The King and I
The story of Parmenonʹs sow illustrates what point about acting?
A) empathy B) the thrill of live animals on stage
C) the thrill of simulation D) professional jealousy
Aristotle wrote that imitation was a ________ and ________ human activity
A) necessary; pleasurable B) frivolous; dangerous
C) evil; dangerous D) instinctive; amoral
Which of the following is a universal quality of acting?
A) energy B) enlargement
C) focus D) all of the above
Focused stage energy creates the quality known as
A) stage placement B) stage acting
C) stage direction D) stage presence
The shape a performance, the changing rhythm and tempo in line delivery is the quality
A) dynamics B) enlargement
C) transformation D) focus
What does it mean to say that actors were once hired to play a particular line of business?
A) hired to play at a particular theatre B) hired to play a particular type
C) hired to play a particular time of year D) hired to play at a certain pay scale
What a culture sees as believable acting is determined by
A) the director B) the playwright
C) culturally determined conventions D) the actor
Francois Delsarte attempted to create a method actor training based on
A) emotional recall
B) set physical and facial expressions for each emotion
D) none of the above
The Ecole du Vieux Colombier offered an acting curriculum that studied
A) Asian performance traditions B) circus and mask work
C) texts and design D) all of the above
________ is/are what Stanislavski referred to as the series of conditions for each character in a
A) Given circumstances B) Concentration of attention
C) Emotional recall D) Psychophysical actions
According to Stanislavski characters must always have
A) a prop B) an objective C) an emotion D) a beat
Women were banned from the stage in many eras and places because acting was seen as
A) immoral B) offensive
C) profane D) all of the above
Representational acting refers to
A) acting based on ritualistic, choreographed movements that tell a story
B) acting without a prepared text
C) an openly artificial reproduction of emotion in a heightened theatrical style
D) acting whereby one attempts to truly portray the characterʹs emotions
The Paradox of the Actor by Denis Diderot is a discussion of what?
A) the importance of the actor over the playwright
B) the dual consciousness of the actor
C) the need for women to be allowed onstage
D) the actor as amoral member of society
The part of Stanislavskiʹs training that remains controversial to this day is
A) concentration of attention B) magic if
C) emotional memory or emotional recall D) given circumstances
A physical training system for efficient and expressive movement in the theatre, developed by
Vsevolod Meyerhold was
A) biomechanics B) psychophysical action
C) centering D) plastiques
The Alexander technique focuses primarily on the efficient use of the body through
A) dance B) memory
C) spatial awareness D) alignment
Since the 1960s and 70s there has been a move ________ physical training in actor training
A) towards much B) away from
C) towards a little D) does not apply
While part of being an actor is going on ________, smaller numbers get a ________.
A) auditions; class B) auditions; call back
C) call backs; audition D) acting companies; repertory
Noh training requires
A) respect for elders B) many hours of rehearsal
C) memorization of forms D) all of the above
On opening night, the directorʹs work becomes the primary responsibility of ________.
A) the playwright B) the designer
C) the actor D) the stage manager
In ancient Greece, the organizational role of the director was the responsibility of the
A) chorus B) playwright C) actor D) priest
________ refers to the portions of the play actors would receive, portions that only contained
their lines and immediate cues.
A) Texts B) Sides C) Halves D) Quarters
The Duke of ________ brought the idea of detailed visual unity in production to new heights
with his historically accurate, expensive productions.
A) Germany B) Bayreuth
C) Saxe-Meiningen D) Weimar
Andre Antoine, famous for recreating his charactersʹ environment onstage, did which of the
A) cast amateur actors
B) arranged the stage furniture as one would find it in real life
C) attempted to present a naturalistic acting style
D) all of the above
Which is a consideration for the director in choosing a text?
A) availability and ability of particular actor
B) budget and working conditions
C) the theatrical space
D) all of the above
What is the role of the dramaturg in the rehearsal process?
A) provide additional research and interpretive ideas that will help shape the directorʹs
B) measure the actors for costumes
C) rewrite scenes that donʹt initially work
D) assist in the implementation of the set design
The time when the director walks through the technical aspects of the production with the
designers and staff is called
A) a paper tech B) blocking C) casting D) previews
Some directors follow Stanislavskiʹs principles and formulate a ________, or superobjective for
A) brain B) nerve C) spine D) arc
Lee Bruerʹs 2003 Dollhouse is an example of what style of directing?
A) low-concept B) high-concept C) naturalistic D) poor
The movement in literary criticism that questions the idea of fixed meanings, truths or
assumptions about texts is known as:
A) alliteration B) alienation
C) gesamtkunstwerk D) deconstruction
High concept directing leads directors to
A) possibly change the location and time period of a play
B) challenge conventional staging
C) provide illuminating new readings of well-known works
D) all of the above
Which is an example of nontraditional casting?
A) casting not according to the character descriptions in the play
B) casting a young, beautiful woman in the role of the love interest
C) casting according to the character descriptions in the play
D) holding the audition in a nontraditional theatre space
Interculturalism has inspired many directors to
A) open up the expressive potential of many well-known plays
B) borrow acting styles from other cultures for heightened theatrical effect
C) freely incorporate elements from diverse cultures into their production concepts
D) all of the above
Blocking refers to
A) the pattern of how the actors will move on stage
B) not allowing an actor on the stage
C) a process of emotional discovery into the mind of the character
D) designing the costumes for the actor
During technical rehearsals, emphasis is on
A) the way the costumes look onstage B) the playtext
C) aspects of the actorʹs performances D) the lighting, sound and set changes
A ________ is a rehearsal where the director coordinates all of the design elements of a
production to make sure they run smoothly.
A) run through B) technical rehearsal
C) dress rehearsal D) table reading
What are previews?
A) articles in newspapers about the play before it is reviewed
B) performances before a live audience before opening night
C) commercials telling the audience about the play
D) another word for technical rehearsals
The ________ begins a production with a personal vision rather than with the work of a
A) director-auteur B) director
C) director-performer D) director-designer
Einstein on the Beach was a five hour opera created by
A) Julie Taymor B) Pina Bausch C) Martha Clarke D) Robert Wilson
Theatre seating on an incline to allow for maximum visibility is referred to as
A) open seating B) raked seating C) box seating D) circle seating
The Last Supper is a performance piece written by and starring Ed Schmidt that takes place
A) in his Brooklyn home B) in a Broadway theatre
C) in a field D) on a street corner
As opposed to noh theatre, which developed within the samurai courts, kabuki developed in
A) the pleasure quarters of cities B) the countrysides
C) the military barracks D) the monasteries
Theatre spaces have historically ________ the social hierarchy.
A) challenged B) provoked C) reflected D) disregarded
What is meant by the term green room?
A) a room set aside for royalty and the social elite
B) the lobby of the theatre, traditionally painted green
C) the box office, where tickets are paid for
D) a space where actors could socialize backstage and audience members could greet them
after a performance
Perspective painting, which revolutionized scenic design, originated during what period?
A) fifth century Greece B) the Restoration period
C) the Renaissance D) the eighteenth century
Painted panels on the stage are referred to as
A) fronts B) backs C) flats D) sides
A ʺpicture frameʺ stage, with the audience facing a raised stage is generally known as a
A) thrust stage B) proscenium stage
C) arena stage D) orchestra pit
The areas left and right of the playing area on a proscenium stage are called the
A) arms B) wings C) legs D) shoulders
Scenery is often housed in ________, located above the stage.
A) green rooms B) wings
C) balconies D) fly spaces or lofts
The area of the stage closest to the audience is referred to as
A) downstage B) upstage C) stage left D) stage right
Originally the term ʺupstagingʺ an actor referred to an actor walking upstage of them. It still
means that today, but it also means
A) to steal the spotlight B) to say their lines
C) to speak over them D) to wear their costume
The audience sits on three sides of a performance area that projects out into the audience in a
theatre with a ________ stage.
A) proscenium B) traveling C) thrust D) arena
The Globe Theatre reconstruction, led by actor and film director Sam Wanamaker, tries to do
which of the following?
A) reproduce the feeling of Shakespeareʹs original theatre
B) serve as a lasting theatre monument to the theatreʹs greatest writer
C) be a faithful historical reconstruction of the original theatre
D) all of the above
The noh stage of Japan is a modified ________ stage.
A) arena B) proscenium C) platform D) thrust
Political action theatre in the street is often called ________ theatre because it sneaks up on the
A) street B) multifocus C) thrust D) guerrilla
The ________ Theatre is known around the world for large scale puppet work and politically
informed productions and demonstrations.
A) Bread and Puppet B) Guerrilla
C) Lepage D) Angel Project
In environmental staging there is a conscious effort to involve the audience in the performance
A) presenting works in a proscenium theatre
B) experimenting with seating configurations
C) giving them the text in advance
D) not charging admission
Staging a play in an abandoned factory is an example of theatre in
A) a found space B) a thrust stage C) on the street D) in a black box
________ theatres permit the rearrangement of seating and playing areas for every production.
A) Proscenium B) Thrust C) Black box D) Arena
The commedia dellʹarte character Arlecchino is immediately recognizable by
A) his blue robe B) his trusty poodle companion
C) the diamond shaped pattern of his suit D) his bright red nose
The costume transformation in kabuki called hikinuki literally means
A) ringing of the bell B) pulling of the threads
C) threading of the needle D) donning the hat
The kabuki theatre, in contrast to noh is known for its ________ sets.
A) flamboyant B) sparse
C) monochromatic D) realistic
Groucho Marx was the twentieth century equivalent of the ________ character in commedia
A) Pantalone B) Capitano C) Dottore D) Arlecchino
In France, the start of a performance is signalled by the trois coups, which is
A) three knocks on a door
B) three rings of a bell
C) three bangs of a drum
D) three knocks of a stick against the stage floor
In the Middle Ages, costumes for the Virgin Mary were modeled after iconic religious imagery
and always included
A) white gloves B) a white robe C) a blue robe D) a blond wig
Naturalism calls for ________ design.
A) representational B) presentational
C) symbolist D) modernist
Costumes makeup and masks do which of the following?
A) enlarge the presence of the performer
B) convey information about the characterʹs age and temperament
C) form a visual language that describes the characters
D) all of the above
Many Native American tribes, including the Iroquois, recognize the clown character by his
A) red nose B) red face C) green face D) crooked nose
The primary set pieces in Chinese opera are
A) one table and two chairs B) three chairs and a table
C) a rug and a chair D) a rug and a tree
The stage of the noh theatre reflects the architecture of what religious shrines?
A) Shinto B) Buddhist C) Hindu D) Greek
Symbolist designers often presented scenes from behind
A) the stage curtain B) a half wall
C) veiled gauze D) a fence
A Swiss designer famous for his expressive use of light and shadow onstage was
A) Edward Gordon Craig B) Adolphe Appia
C) Jean Cocteau D) Lyubov Popova
Constructivist design is influenced primarily by
A) nature B) light and shadow
C) color D) industrial machinery
In what is generally considered the high point of modern theatrical design, Pablo Picasso
designed the set and costumes for the Ballets Russes production of Parade, using the
A) cubism B) naturalism C) impressionism D) realism
Robert Edmond Jones, Lee Simonson and Norman Bel Geddes were part of an American
theatrical design movement that imitated European modernism known as
A) American contemporary B) new stagecraft
C) symbolism D) constructivism
The constructivist set for Meyerholdʹs famous production of The Magnanimous Cuckold,
designed by Lyubov Popova, was noteworthy for its
A) perspective painting
C) ramps, steps, wheels,j catwalks, and windmills
D) bright pictures
In terms of design, postmodernism is defined by
A) stylistic eclecticism B) conservativism
C) forced perspective D) minimalism
Italian stage design during the Renaissance coincided with
A) the invention of perspective painting B) the birth of electricity
C) realism D) symbolism
In the Renaissance, costume and set were
A) particular to each play
B) reliant on perspective drawing
C) B and D
D) generic; one set could be used for multiple plays
The idea that production design should be unique and specific for each show emerged from
A) Western B) Eastern C) Southern D) Northern
What can the set tell the audience?
A) when and where the action is happening
B) the abstract ideas that govern the directorʹs choices
C) the emotional tone of the production
D) all of the above
With some exceptions, designers are usually hired ________ a production is selected.
A) before B) after
C) while D) does not apply
A storyboard is
A) another word for play script
B) a series of sketches of the characters
C) a series of sketches that shows the progression of the story visually
D) a series of costume sketches
A groundplan provides
A) a birdʹs eye view of the stage and placement of set pieces
B) a three dimensional view of the set design
C) a light plot
D) a list of cues for the actors
A model of the set ALWAYS includes
A) notes on blocking B) costume samples
C) a light grid D) a scaled human figure
Paint elevations show
A) the application of color to all stage surfaces
B) how much money will be spent on paint
C) the square footage of what is to be painted
D) the mixing techniques of paint
Which of the following is NOT a visual element of set design?
A) line B) sound C) mass D) texture
The shape and size of objects on stage refers to
A) mass B) line C) texture D) weight
Which director first advocated returning to the architectural stage spaces of the past to revive
the idea of the bare stage?
A) Julie Taymor B) Jacques Copeau
C) Peter Brook D) Robert Wilson
________ have traditionally been the building blocks of stage construction
A) Flats B) Drops C) Scrim D) Platforms
________ give dimension to the acting area by providing different levels and isolating
A) Drops B) Scrims C) Platforms D) Flats
________ are large pieces of painted canvas hung at the back of the stage and are used to
suggest particular locales.
A) Flats B) Drops C) Drapes D) Platforms
________ is a stretched piece of fabric that appears transparent when light shines through it
from the back
A) A scrim B) A drop C) A drape D) A flat
Mary Zimmerman used ________ as the central image and playing area of her production of
A) a pool of water B) a pit of sand
C) an oriental rug D) a field of grass
Dogugaeshi is a tradition in which watching the ________ is the main attraction.
A) costumes B) sets change C) audience D) musicians
Which of the following is NOT a principle of composition?
A) touch B) focus C) balance D) rhythm
What might a set designer ʺdress the setʺ with?
A) large furniture B) people C) knick knacks D) animals
Which would be the most important set piece for a farce like George Feydeauʹs A Flea in Her
Ear, given the structural demands of farce?
A) doors B) chairs C) rugs D) tables
Which of the following is NOT a goal of set design?
A) increase ticket prices B) telling the story
C) creating the mood D) defining the style
The male onnagata performer in kabuki
A) performs the role of an idealized female
B) performs the role of a lusty old woman
C) performs the role of a wealthy old man
D) performs the role of a lascivious man
On the English Restoration stage, a ʺbreeches rolesʺ was
A) the role of the servant, played by a woman
B) the role of the servant master, played by a man
C) the role of a young man, played by a young woman
D) the role of a young woman, played by a young man
Which of the following is NOT true?
A) Costumes reveal the essence of the character.
B) Costumes set the social and cultural milieu.
C) Costumes help tell the story.
Thumbnail sketches are
A) finished, detailed sketches that show each costume in detail
B) small, simple sketches that are a part of the evolving design process
C) sketches of the actor in his or her regular clothes
D) sketches of the set
________ are attached to the final costume sketches
A) Fabric swatches B) Thumbnail sketches
To say that a costume is built means that it is
A) pulled from a closet B) bought in a store
C) taken from storage D) made from scratch
A costume plot is
A) a list of all the items each character wears in every scene
B) the total amount of money the costumes cost
C) the total number of hours spent building the costumes
D) the visual story the costumes tell
The director and designer can first see all of the actors together in costume under stage lights
A) technical rehearsal B) dress parade
C) preview D) run through
Line refers to
A) the feel of a costume B) the weight of a costume
C) the silhouette of a costume D) the thread count in fabric
The costumerʹs most basic tool is
A) fabric B) paper
C) measuring tape D) scissors
Which of the following is NOT an ornament?
A) hat B) lace C) buttons D) sequins
________ was a popular 19th century American entertainment whereby white performers
applied black makeup to their faces and performed a derogatory performance of stereotype.
A) Blackface minstrelsy B) Whiteface minstrelsy
C) Vaudeville D) Burlesque
George Wolfeʹs The Colored Museum and Spike Leeʹs Bamboozled both challenge
A) the definition of vaudeville B) the image of blackface minstrelsy
C) issues of typecasting D) the constraints of farce
Young boys played womenʹs roles in Elizabethan England because
A) it was less expensive to hire boys
B) it was considered immoral for women to display themselves publicly
C) there were too few women available to act
D) there was a strict apprentice model in the theatres that favored boys
Which of the following do costumes NOT do?
A) define the style of the production
B) change the plot
C) demonstrate relationships among characters
D) specify charactersʹ social and professional roles
Which of the following is NOT a principle of composition for costume design?
A) texture B) unity C) focus D) proportion
The visual element of costume design that best expresses social restraint or freedom is?
A) rhythm B) texture C) color D) line
Which visual element of design best communicates relationships among characters?
A) color B) line C) texture D) rhythm
The Andrew Lloyd Webber hit musical ________ used extensive makeup to transform an
entire cast into animals.
A) As Bees in Honey Drown B) Cats
C) Of Mice and Men D) Dogs of War
The newest arts to be fully integrated into the theatre are
A) lighting and sound B) costumes and light
C) set and sound D) sound and costumes
Theatre in Ancient Greece and Rome took place
A) in churches B) outdoors
C) in the marketplace D) in the ocean
The incandescent lamp was invented in 1879 by
A) Henry Irving B) David Belasco
C) Augusto Mauro D) Thomas Edison
Slowly diminishing one lighting cue while adding another is
A) fading B) dimming C) sidelighting D) cross-fading
Motivated light cues are cues that
A) have an identifiable source B) signal the beginning of the play
C) signal the end of the play D) signal the start of intermission
Which light throws a sharp, concentrated light and can be shaped with shutters?
A) gobo B) ellipsoidal reflector spotlight
C) fresnel D) PAR lamp
A blueprint of the stage and auditorium showing the lighting grid and position of each
lighting instrument is referred to as the
A) light board B) light plot C) gas table D) light chart
The person who oversees the installation of the lights is the
A) lighting designer B) light crew
C) technical director D) master electrician
In the 1920s, ________ developed the first comprehensive method of lighting the stage.
A) Thomas Edison B) David Belasco
C) Henry Irving D) Stanley McCandless
The ________ contains all of the light and sound cues, as well as the blocking and entrances
A) light plot B) prompt book C) technical book D) staging plot
_______ refers to where light falls onstage and from what direction, the angle and texture of
A) Spill B) Movement C) Distribution D) Intensity
In theatre terms, barn doors are ________.
A) shutters which close over a beam of light to change focus
B) exterior doors at the back of the stage
C) colored films placed in front of lighting instruments to change color
D) a patterned stencil placed in front of the lighting instrument to project a shape
Which of the following is a practical?
A) spotlight B) dimmer C) onstage lamp D) gel
The spotlight was introduced in what century?
A) seventeenth B) eighteenth C) nineteenth D) twentieth
The word technology comes from the Greek word techne, meaning
A) skill B) journey C) creation D) trek
The mechane was used in the ancient Greek theatre as
A) a platform on wheels
B) a moving tableau
C) a thunder sheet to create the sound effect of a storm
D) a crane that hoisted actors above the playing area
The ekkyklema was used in Greek drama for
A) wheeling out prearranged tableaus B) transporting people to the theatre
C) raising actors above the playing area D) large scale naval displays
Naumachiae, popular entertainments in the Roman theatres, were
A) gladiatorial battles with animals B) large scale mock naval battles
C) contests of rhetoric D) feats of gymnastics
In Medieval England, local guilds constructed ________ that traveled through the town to
carry the settings for cycle plays.
A) cycle carts B) chariot and poles
C) passion ships D) pageant wagons
Generally, each medieval guild constructed the set for one biblical story and the particular
skills of the guild would be appropriate to the scenic demands of the biblical story. So the story
of Noah and the ark would have been staged by
A) the fishmongers B) the shipbuilders
C) the bakers D) the blacksmiths
The chariot and pole system allowed for rapid
A) scene changes B) costume changes
C) light changes D) actor entrances
CAD is short for
A) computer animated design B) computer aided drafting
C) computer animated drafting D) computers against design
In 2003 a strike by ________ closed Broadway shows for several days.
A) actors B) crew members C) musicians D) designers
Telematic performance bridges actors, audience members via
A) the Internet B) television C) cinema D) radio
Tom Stoppardʹs Hapgood, Michael Fraynʹs Copenhagen and Karel Capekʹs R.U.R. are all plays
that deal directly with
A) health B) science C) the Internet D) disease
Critics can best be described as ________ of theatrical events
A) observers B) interpreters
C) judges D) all of the above
Martin Esslin famously referred to the theatre of Beckett, Genet, Ionesco and Adamov as
Theatre of the
A) Unreal B) Unconscious C) Soul D) Absurd
A) serve as guides to the theatre marketplace
B) influence the financial success of a production
C) provide valuable publicity about a production
D) all of the above
A) reflects a cultural bias
B) may help interpret or explain a challenging work
C) is never completely objective
D) all of the above
Artaudʹs ideas for a ʺtheatre of crueltyʺ are articulated in his book
A) The Empty Space B) Towards a Poor Theatre
C) The Theatre and Its Double D) My Life in Art
________ is the brief immediate response to a theatrical event that appear in newspapers,
magazines, on tv, the Internet or radio.
A) Criticism B) A thumbnail sketch
C) A review D) A preview
Criticism is generally published in
A) weekly magazines B) monthly magazines
C) newspapers D) scholarly journals or books
Compared with Europe, Dramaturgs are ________ prevalent in American theatres.
A) less B) more
C) they are the same D) does not apply
Dramaturgs may work with
A) the playwright B) the director
C) the designers D) all of the above
Lynn Thomson took legal action against the estate of Jonathan Larson over authorship over
what Broadway musical?
A) Dreamgirls B) The Lion King C) Rent D) Cats
Which of the following is NOT generally a responsibility of the dramaturg?
A) work with the design team
B) research the playwright and the play
C) assist director in recontextualizing the story in a new setting, if applicable
D) assist playwright in development of new script
________ often do many of the tasks of the dramaturg but also read and evaluate plays
submitted to the theatre, recommending those that look promising and helping in play
A) Stage managers B) Literary managers
C) Historians D) Text advisors
The title of a full length play should always be
A) underlined B) written in italics
C) A or B D) put in quotes
Indian director Safdar Hashmi was ________ for his theatrical activity.
A) murdered B) imprisoned C) honored D) protected
The United States is an exception among most prosperous nations in having
A) no national debt B) no national theatre
C) no national culture D) no national song
The NEA fourʹs legal battle centered around
A) the amount of money initially awarded to them
B) where they wanted to perform their pieces
C) the rights of politicians to create theatre
D) a decency clause used in awarding grants
One of the drawbacks to government subsidy of the arts is the threat of
A) poor production values B) innovation
C) censorship D) alienation
New York fringe festival has modeled itself on the widely popular ________ fringe festival,
which is open to almost all who wish to appear.
A) Edinburgh B) Glasgow C) Avignon D) Tribeca
The beloved New York Shakespeare festival was founded by
A) George C. Wolfe B) Meryl Streep
C) Kevin Kline D) Joseph Papp
Although all amateur productions are not-for-profit, not all not-for-profit theatre is
A) amateur B) professional C) commercial D) off-Broadway
The highest number of professional, commercial theatres are located in what neighborhood of
A) Camden B) Broadway C) the West End D) Bankside
________ theatres are located around the country and are professional, not -for-profit
A) Commercial B) Broadway
C) Off-Broadway D) Resident
The artistic, financial and administrative coordinator of a theatrical production is the
A) producer B) artistic director
C) managing director D) stage manager
The ________ director generally decides what plays to produce and whom to hire for the
A) managing B) artistic C) theatre D) production
The ________ director is responsible for budgets and staff hiring for specific productions,
publicity and all other aspects of administration and theatre management.
A) theatrical B) supporting C) artistic D) managing
The stage manager is in charge of keeping the rhythm and pace during the show by
A) calling places B) organizing rehearsals
C) calling cues D) organizing the groundplan
All stage properties are organized and maintained by the
A) costume designer B) props manager
C) stage manager D) technical director
The costumes are constructed in the ________.
A) costume shop B) fly loft
C) design studio D) rehearsal space
Could a theatre be physically located on Broadway but be listed as an off-Broadway house?
A) No Broadway houses are so named because of their location.
B) No Broadway houses are all not-for-profit.
C) Yes the term ʺBroadway theatreʺ refers to number of seats in a theatre.
D) depends on whether the theatre is showing a play or a musical.
Almost every country in Europe, as well as many cities around the United States, Canada,
New Zealand and Australia, sponsor
A) an annual theatre festival B) a national theatre
C) a national repertory company D) a national playwright
Many small towns around the world that cannot attract professional resident companies rely
A) movie theatres B) community theatres
C) university theatres D) B and C