the act of officially naming a candidate
the master game plan candidates lay out to guide their electoral campaign
national party convention
A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuses, or state conventions who assemble once every four years to nominate candidates for president and vice president, ratify the party platform, elect officers, and adopt rules.
A normally closed meeting of a political or legislative group to select candidates, plan strategy or make decisions regarding legislative matter.
elections in which voters in a state vote for a candidate (or delegates pledged to him or her). Most delegates to the national party conventions are chosen this way.
a commission formed at the 1968 democratic convention in response to demands for reform by minority groups and others who sought better representation.
National party leaders who automatically get a delegate slot at the Democratic national party convention.
the recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar in order to capitalize on media attention
A proposal by critics of the caucuses and presidential primaries, which would replace these electoral methods with a nationwide primary held early in the election year.
A proposal by critics of the caucuses and presidential primaries to replace these electoral methods with a series of primaries held in each geographic region.
A political party's statement of its goals and policies for the next four years. The platform is drafted prior to the party convention by a committee whose members are chosen in rough proportion to each candidate's strength. It is the best formal statement of a party's beliefs.
advertising sent directly to prospective customers via the mail
Federal Election Campaign Act
law passed in 1974 for reforming campaign finances. The act created the Federal Election Commission (FEC), provided public financing for presidential primaries and general elections, limited presidential campaign spending, required disclosure, and attempted to limit contributions.
Federal Election Commission
a six-member bipartisan agency that enforces and administers campaign finance laws
Presidential Election Campaign Fund
Money from the $3 federal income tax check-off goes into this fund, which is then distributed to qualified candidates to subsidize their presidential campaigns.
funds that will be supplied in an amount matching the funds available from other sources
political contributions made in such a way as to avoid the United States regulations for federal election campaigns (as by contributions to a political action committee)
independent groups that seek to influence the political process but are not subject to contribution restrictions because they do not directly advocate the election of a particular candidate.
political action committees
organizations that collect money to distribute to candidates who support the same issues as the contributors
the phenomenon that people often pay the most attention to things they already agree with and interpret them according to their own predispositions