ESS T/F 4th Quarter

48 terms by Kelsey109 

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4th quarter Test -True and False

Carbon dioxide is the major gas in the atmosphere of Venus

True

The moon has highland areas which approach the hieght of mountains on earth

True

The very large, lava-covered areas of the Moon are called maria

True

Jupiter is the largest and most massive planet in the solar system

True

If jupiter had been a magnitude or oder larger, it would have been a star

True

The four largest moons of Jupiter are known as the Galilean moons

True

Of the terrestrial planets, mercury exhibits the greatest lateral variations (aka "temperature range") in surface temperatures

True

An extreme example of the greenhouse effect is thought to be associated with an abundance of carbon dioxide in the martian atmosphere

False

The martian polar caps are thought to be mainly frozen methane and ammonia

False

Eruptive plumes and lava flows rich in sulfer have been photographed on Jupiters moon, Io.

True

The jovian planets are more massive but less dense than the terrestrial planets

True

The atmosphere of Mars is less dense than Earths, but dust storms and sand dunes indicate wind action occurs on mars

True

The ancient greeks proposed an Earth-Centered view of the universe

True

The planets maintain circular orbits around the Sun

False

Galileo discovered that the sun has "blemishes" which we call sunspots

True

Galileo discovered Jupiters four largest moons

True

Tycho Brahe discoverd the three laws of planetary motion

False

Galileo believed in a sun centered view of the universe

True

Earth is closest to the sun in July

False

The days of the week are named after the five planets visible to the unaided eye, the sun, and moon

True

The planets maintain elliptical orbits around the sun

True

Using the telescope, Galileo discovered that the planet Mars had polar ice caps not unlike those on Earth

False

The apparent annual path of the sun upon the celestial sphere is called the ecliptic

True

When Earth is the farthest from the sun it is said to be in the perihelion position

False

Tycho Braye used a telescope to accurately record the position of the planet mars

False

Tycho Braye discovered the three laws of planetary motion

False

The distance from Earth to the Sun is used to measure distances in the solar system and is called a light year

False

Sir Isaac Newton was convicted of heresy for supporting the sun centered view of the universe

False

The period of the moons rotation is equal to its period of revolution

True

The same side of the moon is always visible from Earth

True

The cycle of phases of the moon is the basis for our month

True

Lunar eclipses last longer than solar eclipses

True

In some instances, light behaves like waves, and in others, like discrete particles

True

The wavelength of red light is shorter that the wavelength of yellow light

False

Shorter wavelengths correspond to more energetic photons

True

Dark-line (absorption) spectra can be used to identify the elements present in stars

True

Radio telescopes are generally much larger in size than are optical telescopes

True

Although current technology will allow the construction of much larger optical telescopes, astronomers see no advantage in building these larger instruments

False

Blue stars are cooler than red starts

False

Radio telescopes have an advantage over optical telescopes in that they can be used during daylight hours

True

In the case of light, when a source is moving away, its light appears redder than it actually is

True

Radio telescopes are able to detect very short wave radiation emitted by celestial objects

False

All of the worlds largest telescopes are of the refracting type

False

The outermost portion of the solar atmosphere is called the photosphere

False

Sunspots appear dark because they are cooler than the surrounding solar surface

True

The suns energy results from the conversion of hydrogen nuclei into helium nuclei

True

The mechanism that produces energy on the Sun involves the conversion of matter to energy

True

The sun is considered an average star

True

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