A collection of information stored in an organized form in a computer.
Database program (database software)
A software tool for organizing the storage and retrieval of the information in a database.
A grid of rows and columns; on many Web pages, tables with hidden grids are used to align graphical images.
In a database, the information relating to one person, product, or event.
A discrete chunk of information in a database record.
Field Type or Data Type
Determines the type of information a field can hold. Ex: text, numeric, date, etc.
In a database, a field containing formulas similar to spreadsheet formulas; it displays a value calculated from values in other numeric fields.
Shows one record at a time.
Displays several records in lists similar to a spreadsheet.
To move data into a program from another program or source.
The process of finding information in a database or other data source, such as the World Wide Web.
An information request.
To look for a specific record in a database, or to look for something on the Web.
Looking for all records that match a set of criteria.
To arrange records in alphabetic or numeric order based on values in one or more fields.
A database printout that is an ordered list of selected records and fields in an easy-to-read form.
Transmitting records and fields from a database (or other) program to another program.
A special language for performing queries, more precise than the English language.
SQL (Structured Query Language)
A query language available for many different database management systems. More than a query language, SQL also accesses databases from a wide variety of vendors.
Personal Information Manager (PIM)
A specialized database program that automates an address/phone book, an appointment calendar, a to-do list, and miscellaneous notes. Also called an electronic organizer.
Geographical Information System (GIS)
A specialized database that combines tables of data with demographic information and displays geographic and demographic data on maps.
XML (Extensible Markup Language)
A programming language for Web sites that includes all of HTML's features plus many additional programming extensions. XML enables Web developers to control and display data the way they control text and graphics.
Database-Management System (DBMS)
A program or system of programs that can manipulate data in a large collection of files (the database), cross-referencing between files as needed.
A program that allows files to be related to each other so changes in one file are reflected in other files automatically.
Accumulating transactions and feeding them into a computer in large batches.
Interacting with data through terminals, viewing and changing values online in real time.
When a computer performs tasks immediately.
A database housed in a mainframe computer, accessible only to information-processing personnel.
Client programs in desktop computers send information requests through a network to server databases on mainframes, minicomputers, or desktop computers; the servers process queries and send the requested data back to the client.
An integrated collection of corporate data stored in one location.
Data strewn out across networks on several different computers.
The discovery and extraction of hidden predictive information from large databases.
Data records with spelling mistakes, incorrect or obsolete values, or other errors.
Data Scrubbing (Data Cleansing)
The process of going through a database and eliminating records that contain errors.
Instead of storing records in tables and hierarchies, it stores software objects that contain procedures (or instructions) with data.
Multidimensional Database Technology
Technology that has speed and flexibility advantages over traditional, relational databases. Stores data in more than two dimensions.
Freedom from unauthorized access to one's person, or to knowledge about one's person.
Compiling profiles by combining information from different database files by looking for a shared unique field.
The crime, committed by hackers or other unscrupulous individuals, of obtaining enough information about a person to assume his or her identity, often as a prelude to illegally using the victim's credit cards.
Right to Privacy
Freedom from interference into the private sphere of a person's affairs.