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ACS FINAL REVIEW pt.2

Write the correct formula for the name given:

bisulfate

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

nitrite

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

hydroxide

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

carbonite

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

oxide

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

phosphate

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

nitrate

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

bisulfite

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

sulfite

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

phosphite

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

carbonate

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

bicarbonate

...

Write the correct formula for the name given:

sulfate

...

Give the correct VALENCE for ions of the following element:

Ca

2+

Give the correct VALENCE for ions of the following element:

Cl

1-

Give the correct VALENCE for ions of the following element:

O

2-

Give the correct VALENCE for ions of the following element:

Al

3+

Give the correct VALENCE for ions of the following element:

K

1+

What TYPE of BONDING would you expect between these elements?

Na and F

a) Polar Covalent
b) Ionic

b) IONIC

What TYPE of BONDING would you expect between these elements?

N and F

a) Polar Covalent
b) Ionic

a) POLAR COVALENT

What TYPE of BONDING would you expect between these elements?

F and F

a) None
b) Covalent
c) Polar Covalent

b) COVALENT

What TYPE of BONDING would you expect between these elements?

He and F

a) None
b) Covalent
c) Polar Covalent

a) NONE

What TYPE of BONDING would you expect between these elements?

H and F

a) None
b) Covalent
c) Polar Covalent

c) POLAR COVALENT

Match the Chemical Name with the Correct formula:

Magnesium Sulfate

MgSO4

Match the Chemical Name with the Correct formula:

Magnesium Hydrogen Sulfate

Mg(HSO4)2

Match the Chemical Name with the Correct formula:

Magnesium Sulfide

MgS

Match the Chemical Name with the Correct formula:

Magnesium Sulfite

MgSO3

Match the Chemical Name with the Correct formula:

Magnesium Hydrogen Sulfite

Mg(HSO3)2

The primary substances of which all other things are composed are ________.

ELEMENTS are the primary substances of which all other things are composed

Au is the symbol for __________.

Gold

Al is the symbol for __________.

Aluminum

Fe is the symbol for __________.

Iron

Na is the symbol for __________.

Sodium

K is the symbol for __________.

Potassium

Ag is the symbol for __________.

Silver

Ca is the symbol for __________.

Calcium

What elements are in hydroxyapatite, Ca5(PO4)3OH, a major compound in human bones and teeth?

Calcium, Hydrogen, Phosphorus, Oxygen

Which of the following is a characteristic of the modern periodic table?

a) A group is a horizontal row on the periodic table.
b) A period is a column on the periodic table.
c) The elements in each group have similar chemical properties.
d) The B groups contain the representative elements.
e) The A groups contain the transition elements.

c) The elements in each group have similar chemical properties.

Which of the following properties is NOT a characteristic of the Group 1A elements (Alkali Metals)?

a) They are shiny.
b) They are good conductors of heat.
c) They react vigorously with water.
d) Most of them are liquids at room temperature.
e) They are good conductors of electricity.

d) Most of them are liquids at room temperature...... is an inaccurate statement about Group 1A Alkali Metals

The Group 8A elements

a) are unreactive and rarely found in combination with other elements.
b) are good conductors of electricity.
c) melt at high temperatures
d) are liquids at room temperature.
e) react vigorously with water.

The Group 8A elements (a) are unreactive and rarely found in combination with other elements.

Which of the following elements is a Metal?

a) Nitrogen
b) Fluorine
c) Argon
d) Strontium
e) Phosporus

d) Strontium is a Metal

Which of the following is a Characteristic of Non-Metals?

a) Shiny.
b) Malleable.
c) Good Conductors of Heat
d) Low Melting Points.
e) Good Conductors of Electricity

Non-metals have (d) Low Melting Points.

Which of the following elements is a Noble Gas?

a) Oxygen
b) Chlorine
c) Bromine
d) Argon
e) Nitrogen

d) Argon

The smallest particle of an element that retains the characteristics of the element is a(n)

Atom

According to the ATOMIC THEORY, atoms are neither created nor destroyed during a chemical reaction.

TRUE

Which of the following descriptions of a subatomic particle is correct?

a) A proton has a positive charge and a mass of approximately 1 amu.
b) An electron has a negative charge and a mass of approximately 1 amu.
c) A neutron has No Charge and its mass is negligible.
d) A proton has a positive charge and a negligible mass.
e) A neutron has a positive charge and a mass of approximately 1 amu.

a) A proton has a positive charge and a mass of approximately 1 amu.

In an Atom, the nucleus contains ______.

all the protons and neutrons.

The Atomic Number of an atom is equal to the number of

...

The number of neutrons in an atom is equal to __________

Mass Number - Atomic Number

The Mass number of an Atom can be calculated from

the number of Protons plus Neutrons
(Protons + Neutrons)

What is the mass number of an atom of Potassium that has 20 neutrons?

39

Consider a neutral atom with 30 protons and 34 neutrons. The atomic number of the element is ________.

30

Consider a neutral atom with 30 protons and 34 neutrons. The mass number of the element is ________.

64

Consider a neutral atom with 30 protons and 34 neutrons. The number of electrons in this atom is ________.

30

How many protons are in an isotope of sodium with a mass number of 25?

11

Which of the following gives the correct numbers of protons, neutrons, and electrons in a neutral atom of
118 Sn
50

a) 118 protons, 50 neutrons, 118 electrons.
b) 118 protons, 118 neutrons, 50 electrons.
c) 50 protons, 68 neutrons, 50 electrons.
d) 68 protons, 68 neutrons, 50 electrons.
e) 50 protons, 50 neutrons, 50 electrons.

c) 50 protons, 68 neutrons, 50 electrons.

ISOTOPES are atoms of the same element that have ___________.

the same atomic number but different numbers of neutrons.

The correct symbol for the Isotope of potassium with 22 neutrons is

a) 41 K d) 15 P
19 37

b) 19 K e) 22 K
41 19

c) 37 P
15

a) 41 K
19

The Atomic Mass of an element is equal to ___________

The ATOMIC MASS is equal to [a weighted average mass of all of the naturally occurring isotopes of the element].

Which of the following is NOT true for the atoms 13N, 14N, and 15N?

a) they all have the Same Mass Number
b) they are Isotopes
c) they all have the Same Atomic Number
d) they all have 7 Protons
e) they all have 7 Electrons

a) they all have the Same Mass is a False statement.

The elements Lithium, Sodium and Potassium

are in the same group

The electron arrangement of any particular atom shows

the number of electrons in each shell.

The maximum number of electrons that may occupy the 3rd electron shell is

18

What is the electron arrangement for Aluminum?

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1

What is the element with the electron arrangement 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5

Chlorine (Cl)

What is the electron arrangement for potassium (atomic number 19)?

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1

What element has the electron arrangement 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p2?

Silicon

The number of electrons in the outer shell of a neutral atom of boron (atomic number 5) is ?

3

Which element would have physical and chemical properties similar to chlorine?

a) Ar
b) Br
c) S
d) O
e) P

[Br]omine

What is the symbol for the element in Period 4 and Group 2?

Ca

What is the correct electron configuration for the Lithium atom?

1s2 2s1

The number of electron shells (not subshells) in a magnesium atom is

3

The element in this list with chemical properties similar to magnesium is

a) sodium
b) boron
c) carbon
d) strontium
e) chlorine

d) Strontium

Identify the Noble Gas in the following list:

a) Helium
b) Nitrogen
c) Oxygen
d) Gold
e) Chlorine

a) Helium

Identify the Metalloid in the following list:

a) Sulfur
b) Fluorine
c) Silver
d) Copper
e) Germanium

e) Germanium

Semi-conductors are located in the Periodic Table on (or in) the [ line dividing the metals from non-metals in the table ]

...

What is the Electronic Structure for Sodium?

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1

What is the Electronic Structure for Chlorine?

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5

What is the Electronic Structure for Argon?

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6

What is the Electronic Structure for Sulfur?

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4

What is the Electronic Structure for Magnesium?

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2

What is the Electronic Structure for Phosporus?

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p3

Do the following represent elements in a Group, a Period, or neither?

Li, Na, K

Group

Do the following represent elements in a Group, a Period, or neither?

Li, C, F

Period

Do the following represent elements in a Group, a Period, or neither?

F, S, P

Neither

Do the following represent elements in a Group, a Period, or neither?

O, S, Se

Group

Do the following represent elements in a Group, a Period, or neither?

He, H, I

Neither

Give the correct number of electrons:

in the outer shell of Nitrogen

5

Give the correct number of electrons:

in the second energy level of Magnesium

8

Give the correct number of electrons:

in the highest occupied energy level of Chlorine

7

Give the correct number of electrons:

in the first energy level of Chlorine

2

Give the correct number of electrons:

in the third shell of sodium

1

Classify the following element:

Sodium

Alkali Metal

Classify the following element:

Argon

Noble Gas

Classify the following element:

Bromine

Halogen

Classify the following element:

Copper

Transition element

Classify the following element:

Magnesium

Alkaline Earth Metal

Classify the following element as Metal or Non-Metal:

Phosporus

Non-Metal

Classify the following element as Metal or Non-Metal:

Chlorine

Non-Metal

Classify the following element as Metal or Non-Metal:

Cobalt

Metal

Classify the following element as Metal or Non-Metal:

Sulfur

Non-Metal

Classify the following element as Metal or Non-Metal:

Nickel

Metal

A mixture at equilibrium that contains less product than reactant has a Keq that is ______.

A mixture at equilibrium that contains less product than reactant has a Keq that is LESS THAN 1.

The number of particles in 1 mole of hydrogen gas is _______.

AVOGADRO'S NUMBER

6.02 x 10^23

The amount of product that a calculation indicates as possible for a chemical reaction is know as the ____________ _______.

THEORETICAL YIELD

The simplest or smallest whole-number ratio of the atoms in a compound formula is known as the

EMPIRICAL FORMULA

The actual formula that gives the number of atoms of each type of element in a compound is the _________ ________.

MOLECULAR FORMULA

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