ruler of Spain during the Age of Exploration and the Reconquista. She gave money to Columbus to go to America.
Long campaign of the Spanish monarchy to eliminate Muslim strongholds on the Iberian Peninsula. Purification of Christianity.
Prince Henry the Navigator:
the most influential advocate of Portuguese exploration. He collected the newest technology about sailing and pushed Portuguese sailors down the west coast of Africa.
The restructuring of smaller societies to become subjects for the benefit of a mother country. Portuguese did not colonize, created trading posts instead in West Africa.
With flawed calculations, he believed making a journey west to Asia would bring great treasures. Instead, he found America and began a new era of human civilization.
Islanders Columbus found on San Salvador initially in the Caribbean.
Treaty of Tordesiillas:
An imaginary line drawn to stake the claims of land Spain and Portugal had.
Countries looked for a passage to Asia from Europe by going west. The British sent John Cabot, but he never returned.
Led an expedition to circumvent the globe. His expedition confirmed that it was possible to sail west to reach Asia and that America was a separate continent from Asia.
The new transatlantic trade of goods, people, and ideas that occurred after Columbus's discovery of America. Corn and potatoes and diseases were exchanged.
Spanish conquistador was responsible for destroying the Aztec empire on the Yucatan Peninsula.
The girl who served as Cortés's translator for the Aztecs during the conquest.
Emperor of the Aztec empire during Cortés conquest. He was taken hostage by Cortés and the executed has hostage for gold.
Men looking for gold in the new world.
He conquered the Incan empire in Peru. He received the great wealth of the Empire.
Indian empire in the South America famous for large gold and silver wealth. Their empire stretched across the west coast of South America
San Miguel de Gualdape:
The first Spanish attempt to establish foothold in what is the now the United States. The settlement was soon swept away by disease and Indians.
Hernando de Soto:
Conquistador who failed to find any majestic civilizations in South America.
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado:
Conquistador lured to find the seven cities of Cíbola. He never found them in United States.
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo:
Led an expedition along the coast of California.
the colonial society of Spain the Western Hemisphere. It marked them as the dominant European power of the period.
A reciprocal relationship between Spanish masters and his Indian laborers. In return for tribute and labor, the master gave Indian food and shelter. Indian labor was heavily exploited.
A reform of 1549 that limited the labor an encomendero could command from his Indians. Basically, a law that made exploiting Indians nicer.
Natives of Spain who enjoyed the highest social status. Usually males looking for silver mining.
Children born in the New World to Spanish parents.
Children born of Spanish men and Indian women. Worked as artisans and laborers.
Acoma Pueblo Revolt:
Pedro Menéndez sent to create settlements in North America. In one town, the Acoma Indians revolted but were brutally killed in response.
A catholic priest who initiated the Protestant Reformation by publicizing his criticism of the Catholic Church. He said to believe in the bible not the Church.
Movement against the Catholic Church condemning its corruption. Charles V pledged to exterminate the movement. Money from the New World helped him.
Attempted settlement by the British in North America by Sir Walter Raleigh in present day North Carolina.