CLINICAL PROCEDURES Test 1

67 terms by jocelanm

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APNEA

absence or cessation of breathing

ARRHYTHMIA

an abnormality or irregularity in the heart rhythm

BOUNDING

a term used to describe a pulse that feels full because of increased power of cardiac contraction or as a result of increased blood volume

BRADYCARDIA

a slow heartbeat
a pulse below 60 bpm

BRADYPNEA

respirations that are regular in rhythm but slower than normal in rate

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

COPD

a progressive, irreversible lung condition that results in diminished lung capacity

DYSPNEA

difficult or painful breathing

ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION

elevated blood pressure of unknown cause that develops for no apparent reason
sometimes called primary hypertension

FEBRIL

pertaining to an elevated body temperature

HOMEOSTASIS

internal adaptation & change in response to enbironmental factors
multiple functions that attempt to keep the body's functions in balance

HYPERPNEA

an increase in the depth of breathing

HYPERTENSION

high blood pressure

HYPERVENTILATION

abnormally prolonged & deep breathing, usually associated with acute anxiety or emotional tension

HYPOTENSION

blood pressure that is below normal
systolic pressure below 90 mm Hg & diastolic pressure below 50 mm Hg

INTERMITTENT PULSE

a pulse in which beats occasionally are skipped

ORTHOPNEA

a condition in which an individual must sit or stand to breath comfortably

PYREXIA

a febrile condition or fever

RALES

abnormal or crackling breath sounds during inspiration

RHONCHI

abnormal rumbling sounds on expiration, which indicate airway obstruction by thick secretions or spasms

SECONDARY HYPERTENSION

an elevated blood pressure resulting from another condition, typically kidney disease

SINUS ARRHYTHMIA

an irregular heartbeat that originates in the sinoatrial node (pacemaker)

SYNCOPE

fainting
a breif laps in consciousness

TACHYCARDIA

a rapid but regular heart rate
one that exceeds 100 bpm

TACHYPNEA

a condition marked by rapid, shallow respirations

THREADY

a term that describes a pulse that is scarcely perceptible

WHEEZING

a high-pitched sound heard on expiration
it indicates obstruction or narrowing of respiratory passages

ANTIBODIES

immunoglobulins produced by the immune system in response to bacteria, viruses, or other anti

ANTIGEN

a foreign substance that causes the production of a specific antibody

ANTISEPTICS

substances that inhibit the growth of microorganisms on living tissue

AUTOIMMUNE

pertaining to a disturbance in the immune system in which the body reacts against its own tissue. Examples of autoimmune disorders include multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, & systemic lupus erythematosus

CANDIDIASIS

An infection caused by a yeast that typically affects the vaginal mucosa & skin

CONTAMINATED

Soiled with pathogens or infectious material; nonsterile

DISINFECTANT

A liquid chemical that is capable of eliminating many of all pathogens but is not effective against bacterial spores

PALLIATIVE

A substance that relieves or alleviates the symptoms of a disease without curing the disease

PATHOGENIC

Pertaining to a disease-causing microorganism; a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease

RELAPSE

the recurrence of the symptoms of a disease after apparent recovery

REMISSION

The partial or completer disappearance of the clinical & subjective characteristics of a chronic or malignant disease

SPORES

A thick-walled, dormant form of bacteria that is very resistant to disinfection measures

STERILE

Free of all microorganisms, pathogenic and nonpathogenic

VECTORS

Animal or insects that transmit the causative organisms of disease

NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION

is a hospital-acquired infection
originating or taking place in a hospital, acquired in a hospital, especially in reference to an infection

STERILIZATION

Is the destruction of all microorganisms

DISINFECTION

Process of killing pathogenic organisms or making them inactive

SANITIZATION

Cleaning of contaminated articles or surfaces to reduce the number of microorganisms to a safe level as dictated in public health guidelines

ASEPSIS

Is the state of being free from disease causing contaminates
or preventing contact from microorganisms
is the freedom from infection or infectious material

INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE

a tissue reaction to injury or an antigen that may include pain, swelling, itching, redness, heat, and loss of function

MEDICAL ASEPSIS

Is the destruction of organisms after they leave the body, to prevent reinfection & cross infection

SURGICAL ASEPSIS

Is the complete destruction of organisms on instruments or equipment, that will enter the patients body

Acute infection

has a rapid onset of symptoms but lasts a relatively short time (the common cold)

Chronic infection

an infection that persists for a long period, sometimes for life (hepatitis B)

Latent infection

is a persistent infection in which the symptoms cycle through periods of relapse and remission (cold sores, herpes)

Opportunistic infection

are caused by organisms that are nit typically pathogenic but that occur in hosts with an impaired immune system (pneumonia, oral Candidiasis)

DISEASE

any sustained, harmful alteration of the normal structure, function, or metabolism of an organism or cell

RESISTANCE

occurs when an antibiotic is used inappropriately to treat an infection, resulting in a change or mutation of the pathogenic organism that in some way reduces or eliminates the effectiveness of the drug

PPE

specialized clothing or equipment that prevents the healthcare worker from coming in contact with blood or other potentially infectious material, thereby preventing or minimizing the entry of infectious material into the body

CONTINUOUS FEVER

rises & falls only slightly during a 24-hour-period
the temp consistently remains above the patient's average normal temp range & fluctuates less than 3 degrees

INTERMITTENT FEVER

comes & goes, alternating between elevated & normal levels

REMITTENT FEVER

fluctuates considerably (more than 3 degrees) & never returns to the normal range

RESPIRATION

to provide for the exchange of oxygen & carbon dioxide among the atmosphere, the blood, & the body cells

SYSTOLIC

heart contraction
the highest pressure level

DIASTOLIC

heart relaxation
the lowest pressure level

RESPIRATION

one complete inspiration & expiration

VESSEL ELASITICITY

an artery's ability to expand & contract to supply the body with a steady flow of blood

INFECTIOUS DISEASE

any disease caused by the growth of pathogenic microorganisms in the body

CYANOSIS

a bluish discoloration of the skin

STROKE VOLUME

the volume of blood pumped by the right/left ventricle of the heart in one contraction

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