Civil War Study Guide

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What were the measures of the Missouri Compromise, and the Kansas-Nebraska Act? What role did theses compromises have in I and D of dissention between north and south?

The Missouri compromise stop slavery north of 36 degrees 30' line. The Kansas- Nebraska Act also helped pursue this idea of no slavery. The South became very upset over the idea of no slavery.

What was the significance of the election of 1860?

The election was split between two anti-slavery canidates and two slave owner canidates. This split the country in half North vs. South.

What advantages and disadvantages did N and S each have?

The North had a very strong Navy. While the South had little Navy. The North also had a much larger population than the South. The North also had a large number of factories. The South had the most land and skilled soldiers.

What was the Fugitive Slave Act?

It prevented any officer or person from helping a runaway slave from escaping and becoming free.

Which states seceded from union? Why did the secede?

Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia Louisiana Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia.
These states seceded because of the idea of not having slavery.

What were the war strategies of the union and the confederate armies?

The North wanted to make a naval barricade to block economy. They also wanted to split the confederacy in half.

Why was it important for the union to not lose the border states to the confederacy?

They were on both sides of the war. They also needed extra help. They wanted to take away South's people/society.

Significance of each battle in Civil War

Fort Sumter: Started the war splitting the war into Confederacy and Union.
BBR: The confederacy destroyed the Union in first battle.
WE: Stonewall Jackson and his army stopped the Union from moving on to Richmond.
General Lee moved into Union territory and the bloodiest battle in the war took place. Lincoln lost all trust in general.
WW: Grant led the Union to three key victories and capturing Memphis.

Why was Grant promoted to leader of Union army.

This was because George McClellan was portrayed as to cautious in the war.

Why was capturing of Richmond and gaining control of Mississippi River important?

They wanted to take Richmond over because of its importance as a capitol for supplies. The control of the Mississippi River split the Confederacy in half.

Why was Battle of Gettysburg a turning point in the war?

The battle was the first win for the Union giving them a sense that they could win the war still.

How did the capture of Atlanta help Lincoln in relection?

This helped many to see they could trust Lincoln as their President. Also showed that Union could win the war.

How the South rebuild after the war?

Lincoln led a time of reconstriction. Where the WHOLE nation worked togethor to repair and bring the South back to the union.

What were the three amendments to the Constitution and how did they impact South?

The 13th amendment ablosihed slavery in the United States. The South lost all of their workers with this amendment.

What role did Harriet Tubman, William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass , and Harriet Beecher Stowe have on the abolitionist movement.

They all helped many slaves gain their freedom. Although many of their doings were wrong and ilegal they continued to help raise awareness of the wrong doings and ideas of slavery.

Abraham Lincoln

16th President of the United States who helped save the Union during the Civil War and get rid of slavery.

Ulysses S. Grant

Union military commander who won key victories in Confederacy territory.

William T. Sherman

A ruthless Northern general who waged a march through Georgia to win big battles for the Union.

Dred Scott

Dred Scott was the name of an African-American slave. He was taken by his master, an officer in the U.S. Army, from the slave state of Missouri to the free state of Illinois and then to the free territory of Wisconsin. Then after returning came up with an idea he was now free.

Carpetbaggers

Northerners who went to the South after the Civil War to profit financially from the confused and unsettled conditions.

Jefferson Davis

an American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865.

Popular Sovereignty

The concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government.

"Stonewall" Jackson

A famous confederate general who helped stop the Union advance on towards their capitol Richmond.

Lincoln- Douglas Debates

During the race to become Senator Lincoln asked to have multiple debates with Douglas. Certain topics of these debates were slavery, how to deal with slavery, and where slavery should be allowed. Although Lincoln lost the election to Douglas, he was known throughout the country because of the debates.

Robert E. Lee

Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force.

Border states

Were states that struggled to take sides in the Civil War. Some became Union and some became confederate.

John Brown/ Harper's ferry

John Brown and his followers went to Harpers Ferry in an effort to liberate southern slaves, by arming them and trying to lead a revolt.

Reconstruction

After the war the South was beat up so Lincoln led America in helping rebuild parts of the South and coming back togethor as one.

George McCellan

Lincoln ordered him to lead the Union army in the east. He was very popular with his troops, but he was overly cautious and unwilling to attack unless he was one hundred percent sure that he could win in battle.

Daniel Webster

United States politician and orator (1782-1817), Leader of the Whig Party, originally pro-North, supported the Compromise of 1850 and subsequently lost favor from his constituency

Henry Clay

United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states.

Ku Klux Klan

Used violents and threats to help recieve their slaves. By not giving these people their rights.

Segregation

The separation or isolation of a race, class, or group.

Black Codes

Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves.

Poll Tax

A tax amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote.

Sectionalism

Loyalty to a state or section rather than to the whole country.

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