Symptoms include sneezing, excessive nasal secretion, and congestion. Lasts for approximately seven days.
About fifty percent of all common colds are caused by this virus.
Also known as the flu.
Symptoms include chills, fever, headache, fatigue, sinus pain, GI upset, and general muscular aches. Lasts a few days.
An antiviral used in strains of flue virus such as H1N1 or swine flu.
Appear as a macular rash, beginning on the face. Highly contagious and transmitted via respiratory route. Can progress to pneumonia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalitis.
Characterized by inflammation and swelling of the parotid glands, fever, and pain during swallowing.
This is caused by the Paramyxovirus and is transmitted by respiratory droplets, direct contact, or by fomites.
Also known as German Measles.
Typical symptoms include a rash of small red spots and a fever for two to three days. Complications are rare.
This disease is a major threat to a fetus during the first trimester because exposure may result in the birth of a baby with severe congenital deformities.
The inflammation of the liver. Symptoms include jaundice, elevated liver function tests, and cirrhosis.
Hepatitis A & B
The forms of hepatitis that are vaccine preventable.
Also referred to as Polio.
An acute infection of the medulla oblongata, spinal cord, and nerves. Best known as a cause of paralysis.
Also known as chickenpox. Generally occurs during childhood and is characterized by vesicular itchy lesions that become encrusted on the skin of the face, thorax, and back.
Also known as Shingles.
A reactivation of the herpes varicella-zoster virus in adults. Vesicles similar to chickenpox occur in localized in distinctive areas and are extremely painful.
Caused by the human papilloma virus.
Flat and smooth, or bumpy or rough in nature. There may only be one of these or multiple in one location. Transmitted by direct contact, skin-to-skin contact, and/or fomites.
Can be large and bumpy in appearance, resembling cauliflower. Can also be smooth or flat. Transmitted sexually and some are vaccine preventable.
HSV-1 Infections. Primarily above the waist, and especially the face. Vesicular lesions known as cold sores or fever blisters usually appear on the oral mucous membrane.
An itching or tingling sensation on the skin before herpes lesions appear.
HSV-2 Infections. Transmitted sexually and after initial infection, the virus enters a latent state within the nerve cells until it is reactivated. Causes vesicular lesions usually in the genital area.
This viral infection can be life-threatening for neonates and is passed from infected mothers to their infants during birth.
Causes pustules that are in higher concentrations on the extremities than chickenpox. Can progress to a systemic infection affecting internal organs.
This viral infection is classified as a possible bioterrorism agent.
Vomiting and diarrhea symptoms that can lead to severe dehydration, and is caused by inflammation of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines.
Symptoms are typically fever, headache, vomiting, irritability, and sensitivity to light, and all symptoms may range in severity.
Generally referred to as mono and is commonly called the 'kissing disease'.
Symptoms are typically malaise, headache, and low-grade fever. These precede the development of more specific signs of tonsillitis and/or pharyngitis to include lymph node enlargement and tenderness, and moderate to high fever.
The virus that causes Mononucleosis.
This affects the immune system and destroys the helper T-cell lymphocytes, causing a person to become immunocompromised.
The destruction of T-cell lymphocytes during HIV leads to the development of this.
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Drugs used to suppress the replication of the HIV virus in the body.
Acute infection disease that usually results in fatal encephalitis if left untreated. Usually acquired from the bite of an infected animal.
Symptoms include fever, headache, cough, and thrombocytopenia. Transmitted by the inhalation of dried urine from infected rodents.
Treatment involves administration of five doses of rabies vaccine given over a 28-day period.
Superficial Fungal Infections
Infections of the outer layers of the skin, hair, and nails. Include athlete's foot; specifically known as dermatomycoses.
Subcutaneous Fungal Infections
Affect the deeper layers of the skin and sometimes even bone. Fungal organisms cross barrier of skin at the site of a cut or opening.
Systemic Fungal Infections
The fungus enters the body and affects the inner organs. Most victims are immunocompromised.
Dermatophyte Fungal Infection
Also referred to as tinea infections or ringworm. Symptoms include itching and burning, and rings of erythema that have scaly borders.
Tinea infection of the scalp.
Tinea infection of the face.
Tinea infection of the body.
Tinea infection of the hand.
Tinea infection of the groin.
Tinea infection of the foot.
Tinea infection of the nail; also known as onychomycosis.
Refers to a patchy coloration of lesions that are usually asymptomatic; the lesions are velvety, tan, pink, or white discolorations that vary in size.
A type of yeast which are egg-shaped, unicellular organisms that reproduce by budding. Caused by the species Candida Albicans.
Also known as thrush, characterized by a whitish overgrowth of the oral cavity.
Also known as Candidiasis, this may infect skin folds such as groin, armpit, or under the breasts.
A serious infection involving the blood stream or a specific organ. Risk factors include prolonged neutropenia, recent abdominal surgery, broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy, renal failure, and injection drug use.
Very common and linked to a range of health concerns; symptoms of an infection can include runny nose, itchy eyes, headache, and dizziness. Lungs, sinuses, and brain are most often involved. Caused by the Aspergillus species.
A biting insect that transmits a disease from one animal to another.
Characterized by chills, fever, and sweating. Vomiting and severe headache may also occur. Often spread by female mosquitoes. Liver is where parasites mature, the RBCs are where the parasites multiply.
Severe dysentery resulting from infection. The feces characteristically contain blood and mucus, and is spread mostly by food or water contaminated by cysts of the protozoan entamoeba histolytica.
A prolonged diarrheal disease that is characterized by malaise, nausea, flatulence, weakness, weight loss, and abdominal cramps. Most outbreaks are transmitted by contaminated water.
A co-infection with gonorrhea, resulting in a discharge that is frothy, greenish-yellow, and characterized by a foul odor. Females with vaginitis experience pungent discharge that is accompanied by irritation and itching. Males rarely have symptoms.
A protozoan disease that can affect the body in many paces including the brain, and generally causes fever, confusion, and coma. People with healthy immune systems have mild to no symptoms.
Characterized by large skin lesions that may remain localized and have spread. Infections are often disfiguring and may take months or years to heal; this is a sandfly or rodent-borne disease that poses a recurrent problem in the middle east and latin america.
Infest the lower intestinal region and colon and are often seen exiting the anus. Common symptoms of this type of parasitic infection are anal itching and eggs in the patient's stool.
Infest the upper intestinal region, usually causing GI effects such as cramping, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. In severe cases, these can cause anemia and growth retardation.
Also known as tapeworm, infections are usually asymptomatic, but symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea anemia, weight loss, or malabsorption.
These parasites require an intermediate host such as pigs, beef, or fish in order to infect a host. The eggs are found in undercooked meat and then hatch and grow.
Include flatworms or flukes. Symptoms include urinary disturbances or blood in the urine, dysentery, and/or liver cirrhosis. Some may experience a rash, itching, coughing, chills, and/or fever. Common signs include eggs in patients stool.
Symptoms include small burrows in the skin which are red-brown in color. Intense itching, usually worse at night or after bathing, can also occur. Caused by a mite that burrows into the skin to lay eggs. Eggs hatch and then larvae travel to the skin surface.