Totalitarianism and World War II Test

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Communism (4)

(1) Everyone is the same
(2) critiqued western values
(3) appealed to peasants treated badly who are poor
(4) land redistribution

Japan Remodeling (4)

(1) started a modern industry from scratch
(2) built a powerful big army (humiliated the russians)
(3) washington treaty (x amount of ships etc.)
(4) expanding democracy in politics (economy grew)

Problems with Japan remodeling (4)

(1) scarce resources made massive imports necessary
(2) the expanding population strained the economy
(3) economy was based on trade (vulnerable because it closed doors on imports)
(4) economic developments of "dual economy led to power struggles (search for a vision to save it all)

Dual Economy (2)

(1) Zaibatsu (super wealthy, big huge family companies)
(2) Everyone else (farmers, tradesmen, artisans, small businesses, etc.)

Japans Warpath (4)

(1) Occupy the Manchuria (north china, where all the industrial goodies are like Iron and Coal)
(2) made a government in it and took it over
(3) Japans aggressiveness leads to chaos in china
(4) war breaks out between japan and china

Authoritarian (5)

(1) goal is to stay in power
(2) will use violence against people who will mess with their power (revolts)
(3) Education (doesn't spend a lot of money, only rich have great schools which makes them less likely to push you out of power)
(4) Religion is encouraged (keeps citizens distracted, people will act better and cooperate, because they want a good after life.)
(5) Police and war officials are loved (very highly paid for protection against riots and revolts.)

Totalitarian (7)

(1) goal is to create a perfect system
(2) some sort of huge goal or struggle that requires sacrifice and buying in (for a better future)
(3) Education is very good (to teach people about the government, and training people in rote fashion)
(4) Youth groups are mandatory
(5) Religion is discouraged (so people care more about the government
(6) Secret police look for threats against government (bad things said)
(7) a lot of money spent on Propaganda

Stalin (4)

(1) totalitarian aspects (hybrid)
(2) he said communism is only in one country
(3) five year plan (economic development successful)
(4) collectivisation (getting rid of private ownership, was not successful, killed a lot of farmers because they didn't like him, so he wanted to wipe them out.)

New Economic Policy (2)

(1) the government will have absolute control over heavy industry (banking, railroads)
(2) other than heavy industry, free enterprises were allowed.

Chekha (2)

(1) secret police
(2) people who kick down your door and you are never seen again

Mussolini (4)

(1) wanted to be totalitarian (wasn't all the way)
(2) got power by extorting
(3) in charge of the black shirts (sets them lose and they wreck havoc by killing a lot of people.)
(4) he then said that ill stop these guys if you give me power.

Good things about Mussolini (3)

(1) not super violent
(2) made society "orderly"
(3) people did get jobs

Bad things about Mussolini (4)

(1) extinguishes democracy
(2) shuts down all dissent (opposition, news party)
(3) rigged economy (same people had all the influence)
(4) needless invasion of countries

Hitler (5)

(1) lived most of his life in Vienna
(2) spoiled as a kid (didn't know the word "no")
(3) invaded Poland (to get their land, and this started war)
(4) economy got better under reign (government spent a lot of money)
(5) people didn't want war again (they couldn't stop him)

Good things about the Turn of the 20th century (3)

(1) advanced art (going to do your own thing)
(2) advanced thought (Freud, Snitzler, Carl Kraus)
(3) music

Bad things about the Turn of the 20th century (2)

(1) Karl Lueger (mayor who influenced hitler)
(2) Eugenics (sterilized people who they thought shouldn't breed, mentally handicap or drug addicts)

Karl Lueger (3)

(1) influenced Hitler (can get away with racist violent)
(2) you can get governmental power by scapegoating a certain group
(4) weirdly progressive (a lot of money went to random things)

The different Nazi Groups (3)

(1) SA (the brown shirts/ storm troopers)
(2) SS (the black uniforms, and fanatical nazis)
(3) Wehrmacht (normal military who got drafted.)

Nuremberg Racial Laws (4)

(1) Jews couldn't marry Jews
(2) Jew teachers fired
(3) kids kicked out of school
(4) cut the ties between Jewish Germans and non-Jewish Germans

Secret Rearmament (2)

(1) Germany was secretly making new guns, ships, boats, and planes.
(2) they couldn't do it openly because of the Treaty of Versailles

Germany warpath (5)

(1) Reoccupied the Rhineland (get away with it, because of the Treaty of Versailles)
(2) Austria is invaded and took over (a lot of Germans are in Austria)
(3) Took over Sudetenland (Czech government said no because and they were ready to fight them for it)
(4) German takes the rest of Czechoslovakia
(5) Germany invades poland (tried to fight back but got abused by Russia and Germany. Now france and others declare for war to stop them.)

Blitzkrieg (2)

(1) lightening war
(2) a lot of bombs (tanks, trucks, machine guns, etc.)

Hilberg (2)

(1) the holocaust was made up of a multitude of tasks (which were done by normal businesses)
(2) perpetrators did their normal jobs and kept a clear conscious (they didn't see the end result)

Browning (3)

(1) shooters shot because they are human (peer pressure, obey authority)
(2) Battalion 101 (order police and putative duress didn't apply)
(3) Milgram Experiments (humans are bred to obey authority, and are pressured by someone with legit authority.)

Goldhagen (2)

(1) shooters shot because they wanted to purify Germany (Jews were ruining culture)
(2) Eliminationist is Anti-Semitism ( it was seen as a positive (good to eliminate jews)

The Axis Powers (4)

(1) Bad Guys
(2) Germany
(3) Italy
(4) Japan

The Allies (4)

(1) Good Guys
(2) USA
(3) Britain
(4) Soviet Union (US and UK didn't get along with Soviet Union because they were communist)

Three Policies (3)

(1) Europe First (defeat germany is #1 priority, then go after Japan)
(2) Focus on war, then argue later
(3) Unconditional Surrender (the victorious party could do anything they wanted)

What did the Allies have better than the Axis? (4)

(1) more help from the outside world
(2) more industry (USA couldn't be bombed because they were far away.)
(3) more access to a lot of resources (germany was in Africa because of soil.)
(4) Axis had to tie their soldiers down.

Why did Germany lose? (3)

(1) ran out of resources (oil)
(2) bombed very heavily
(3) trapped between two strong military powers

The battle of Stalingrad (2)

(1) Germans were getting abused by the Soviets
(2) Hitler said that Germans couldn't lose a city names after Stalin, so the Germans just kept dying. (turning point)

The battle of Midway (3)

(1) in the pacific
(2) Japan starts loosing
(3) US lured japan into midway (we took out their aircraft carriers and got rid of ships and pilots, lost a lot of war materials.)

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