Anatomy Exam #4 Chapter 28

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Sperm are moved along the ductus deferens by what?

Peristaltic Contractions

The organ that monitors and adjusts the composition of tubular fluid, recycles damaged spermatozoa, and is the site of sperm maturation is the:

Epididymis

The organ that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra is the:

Ductus Deferns

Which of the following muscles move the testes toward the body?

Both the cremaster and the dartos muscle

The spermatic cord is:

a bundle of tissue that contains the ductus deferens, blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics that serve the testis.

The dense layer of connective tissue that surrounds the testis is called the

tunica albuginea

Interstitial cells produce

Androgens

Sperm production occurs in the

Seminiferous Tubles

Sperm develop from stem cells called

spermatogonia.

When spermatogonia divide, the daughter cells are called

Spermatocytes

The process of spermiogenesis produces

Spermatoza

The organ that produces a secretion that contains fructose, prostaglandins, and fibrinogen is the

seminal vesicle

The organ that surrounds the urethra and produces an alkaline secretion is the

Prostate Gland

The small paired structures at the base of the penis that secrete a thick, alkaline mucus are the

Bulbourethral Glands

The organ that delivers semen into the female reproductive tract is the

Penis

The fold of skin that covers the glans penis is the:

Prepuce

The role of FSH in males is to

Initiate sperm production in the testes

The erectile tissue that surrounds the urethra is the

Corpus spongiosum

The delicate layer of serous membrane that covers the testis is called the

Tunica Vaginalis

Spermatozoa are functionally matured within the

Epidiymis

Testosterone is secreted by the

Interstitial Cells

Contraction of the cremaster muscles

tenses the scrotal sac and pulls the testes closer to the body cavity.

Contraction of the dartos muscle

Tightens the scrotal sac

The middle piece of the sperm contains the ________ in a spiral arrangement.

Mitochondria

What part of the sperm contains DNA?

Head

Primary spermatocytes are produced by mitosis of cells called ________.

spermatogonia

The hormone that stimulates spermatogenesis in males is:

FSH

Interstital Cells in the testes produce

Testosterone

The broad ligament is

an extensive mesentery that encloses the ovaries, uterine tubes, and uterus

The organ that transports the ovum to the uterus is the

Uterine Tubes

The round ligaments extend from the

lateral margins of the uterus, through the inguinal canal to the external genitalia.

The thick muscular layer of the uterus is the

Myometrium

The surge in luteinizing hormone that occurs during the middle of the ovarian cycle triggers

Ovulation

A rise in the blood levels of follicle-stimulating hormone at the beginning of the ovarian cycle is responsible for

follicle maturation

During the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle

the functional zone of the endometrium is restored.

During the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle

All answers are correct

uterine phase that develops because of a fall in progesterone levels is

The menses

The pigmented skin that surrounds the nipple is the

The primary follicle develops from the areola

The principal hormone secreted by the corpus luteum is

Progesterone

Menstruation is triggered by a drop in the levels of

Progesterone

The granulosa cells of developing follicles secrete

Estradiol

The primary follicle develops from the

Primordial follicle

The portion of the uterine tube that ends in fingerlike fimbriae is the

Infundibulum

After ovulation, the ovary secretes

both estrogen and progesterone

After ovulation, the ovary secretes

Luteinizing Hormone

The main portion of the uterus is called the corpus or ________.

body

The ________ is the inner lining of the uterus.

endometrium

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