Marbury vs. Madison
McCulloch v. Maryland
states cannot tax the federal government
Gibbons v. Ogden
congressional power over interstate commerce
Commonwealth v. Hunt
declared labor unions and strikes unlawful
Civil Rights Cases of 1883
legalized segregation with regard to private property
Pacific Railway Co. v. Illinois
declared Granger laws that regulated interstate commerce unconstitutional
Pollock v. Farmer's Loan and Trust Co.
declared income tax under the Wilson-Gormon Tariff unconstitutional
U.S. v. E.C. Knight Co.
Court undermined the authority of the federal government to act against monopolies.
Plessy v. Ferguson
legalized segregation in publicly owned facilities on the basis of "separate but equal"
Schenck v. U.S.
upheld the Espionage Act which declared that people who interfered with the war effort were subject to imprisonment; freedom of speech limited if it's exercise presented a danger.
Lochner v. New York
limiting the working hours of bakers unconstitutional.
Korematsu vs. U.S.
court upheld the constitutionality of detention camps for Japanese-Americans during World War 2.
Brown vs. Board of Ed
declared separate but equal unconstitutional; overturned Plessy vs. ferguson
Gideon v. Wainwright
extends to the defendant the right of counsel in all state and federal criminal trials regardless of their ability to pay.
Miranda v. Arizona
those subjected to in-custody interrogation must be advised of their constitutional right to an attorney and their right to remain silent.
Roe v. Wade
legalized abortion by ruling that state laws could not restrict it for the first 3 months of pregnancy.