Semester 2 Vocab

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Dr. Duckham's Second Semester Vocab

Discourse

noun
1. Communication of thought by words; talk; conversation: earnest and intelligent discourse.
2. A formal discussion of a subject in speech or writing, as a dissertation, treatise, sermon, etc.

Arbiter

noun
1. A person empowered to decide matters at issue; judge; umpire.
2. A person who has the sole or absolute power of judging or determining.

Exculpate

Verb: Show or declare that (someone) is not guilty of wrongdoing.

Incontrovertible

Adjective: Not able to be denied or disputed

Penitent

Adjective: Feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong; repentant.

Impartial

adjective: Not partial or biased; fair; just
Treating all rivals or disputants equally; fair and just.

Vindicate

Verb:
Clear (someone) of blame or suspicion.
Show or prove to be right, reasonable, or justified.

Quandary

noun
a state of perplexity or uncertainty, especially as to what to do; dilemma.

Disparity

noun
lack of similarity or equality; inequality; difference

Alienate

verb
1. To make indifferent or hostile
2. To turn away; transfer or divert

Servile

Adjective:
Having or showing an excessive willingness to serve or please others.
Of or characteristic of a slave or slaves.

Florid

adjective
1. Reddish; ruddy; rosy
2. Flowery; excessively ornate

Ostentatious

adjective: Characterized by or given to pretentious or conspicuous show in an attempt to impress others

Superfluous

adjective
1. Being more than is sufficient or required; excessive.
2. Unnecessary or needless.

Gratuitous

adjective
1. Given, done, bestowed, or obtained without charge or payment; free; voluntary.
2. Being without apparent reason, cause, or justification

Anachronism

noun
1.
something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time, especially a thing or person that belongs to an earlier time

Theoretical

adjective: Of, pertaining to, or consisting in theory; not practical ( distinguished from applied).

Fastidious

Adjective:
Very attentive to and concerned about accuracy and detail.
Very concerned about matters of cleanliness.

Virtuoso

Noun:
A person highly skilled in music or another artistic pursuit.
A person with a special knowledge of or interest in works of art or curios.

Copious

Adjective:
Abundant in supply or quantity.

Clandestine

Adjective:
Kept secret or done secretively, esp. because illicit.

Obdurate

Adjective:
Stubbornly refusing to change one's opinion or course of action.

Incumbent

Adjective:
Necessary for or resting on (someone) as a duty or responsibility.
Noun:
The holder of an office or post.

Proximity

Noun:
Nearness in space, time, or relationship.

Eclectic

Adjective:
Deriving ideas, style, or taste from a broad and diverse range of sources.

Truncate

Verb:
Shorten (something) by cutting off the top or the end

Aesthetic

Adjective:
Concerned with beauty or the appreciation of beauty.

Pejorative

Adjective: Expressing contempt or disapproval.
Noun: A word expressing contempt or disapproval.

Candor

Noun:
The quality of being open and honest in expression; frankness.

Facile

Adjective:
(esp. of a theory or argument) Appearing neat and comprehensive by ignoring the complexities of an issue; superficial.
(of a person) Having a superficial or simplistic knowledge or approach.

Apposition

Noun: The positioning of things or the condition of being side by side or close together.

Chiasmus

A rhetorical or literary figure in which words, grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order, in the same or a modified form; e.g. 'Poetry is the record of the best and happiest moments of the happiest and best minds.'

Lexicon

Noun: The vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge.

Plausible

Adjective:
(of an argument or statement) Seeming reasonable or probable.
(of a person) Skilled at producing persuasive arguments, esp. ones intended to deceive.

Asylum

The protection granted by a nation to someone who has left their native country as a political refugee.
Shelter or protection from danger.

Convoluted

Adjective:
(esp. of an argument, story, or sentence) Extremely complex and difficult to follow.
Intricately folded, twisted, or coiled.

Torpor

Noun:
A state of physical or mental inactivity; lethargy.

Assertion

Noun:
A confident and forceful statement of fact or belief
The action of stating something or exercising authority confidently and forcefully

Sanction

Noun:
A threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule.
Verb:
Give official permission or approval for (an action).

Fabricate

Verb:
Invent or concoct (something), typically with deceitful intent.
Construct or manufacture (something, esp. an industrial product), esp. from prepared components.

Astute

Adjective:
Having or showing an ability to accurately assess situations or people and turn this to one's advantage

Equivocate

Verb:
Use ambiguous language so as to conceal the truth or avoid committing oneself.

Indifferent

Adjective:
Having no particular interest or sympathy; unconcerned/
Neither good nor bad; mediocre

Malleable

Adjective:
Easily influenced; pliable.

Ambivalent

Adjective:
Having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone.

Omnipotent

Adjective: (of a deity) Having unlimited power; able to do anything.

Elusive

Adjective:
Difficult to find, catch, or achieve.
Difficult to remember or recall.

Austere

Adjective:
Severe or strict in manner, attitude, or appearance
(of living conditions or a way of life) Having no comforts or luxuries; harsh or ascetic.

Assiduous

Adjective: Showing great care and perseverance

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